World War One Era - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 57
About This Presentation
Title:

World War One Era

Description:

World War One Era Chapter 11 Sections 1-5 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:113
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 58
Provided by: Preferr1624
Category:
Tags: cuba | doctrine | era | monroe | one | war | world

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: World War One Era


1
  • World War One Era
  • Chapter 11 Sections 1-5

2
(No Transcript)
3
(No Transcript)
4
The Road to WarChapter 11 Section 1
  • Main causes existed before assassination of
    Archduke Ferdinand (MAIN)

5
Militarism
  • Germany was competing with Britain to build
    battleships.
  • The British feared an attack on their Empire

6
  • Germany was competing with Russia and France to
    expand their armies

7
Alliances
  • Most of the European nations had formed security
    alliances with one or more nations
  • Bound them to come to each others defense when
    attacked

8
Imperialism
  • All the great powers were competing for colonies
    / territory.
  • The British feared Germany in Africa.
  • The Austrians feared Serbia / Russia in the
    Balkans

9
Nationalism
  • This was an age when all nations wanted to assert
    their power and independence.
  • In Europe, Slavs aided by Serbia and Russia,
    wanted to be free of Austrian rule.

Serbias national flag
10
The Crisis
  • 28 June 1914
  • Heir to Austrian throne Franz Ferdinand visits
    Sarajevo.
  • Capital of Bosnia, recently grabbed by Austria.

Seal of the Black Hand group
11
  • Bomb attempt fails in morning
  • Gavrilo Princip shoots and kills Archduke and
    wife in the afternoon.
  • Austrians blame Serbia for supporting terrorists.
  • 1)July 28, 1914 declare war on Serbia

12
Dominos Fall
  • 2)Russia in alliance with Serbia prepares for war
  • 3)Germany (an ally of A-H) declares war on Russia
  • 4)France (ally of Russia) prepares troops

13
  • 5)German plan of war is to beat France first
    invades Belgium to get there
  • 6)Great Britain (ally of Belgium) declares war on
    Germany
  • 7)Stalemate on all fronts
  • 8)U. S. tries to stay neutral
  • 9)Preparedness movement gets us ready

14
  • France, Great Britain, Belgium, Russia and Serbia
    called Allies
  • Austria-Hungary Germany and Ottoman Empire called
    Central Powers
  • Stalemate trench warfare

15
(No Transcript)
16
(No Transcript)
17
By 1915
Bulgaria and Ottoman Empire joined Central
Powers
Italy Joined with Allies
18
(No Transcript)
19
  • American Neutrality
  • Ties to Europe (recent immigrants)
  • Most sympathies were for Allies
  • German militarism and treatment of Belgium
  • Commercial interests drive US to be a peace-maker

20
Peace movements led by Jane Addams and Jeanette
Rankin
21
Preparedness 1916 large increase in military
22
(No Transcript)
23
(No Transcript)
24
  • Serbia
  • Russia
  • France
  • Belgium
  • Japan
  • Montenegro
  • Great Britain
  • South Africa
  • Italy
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • USA
  • Cuba
  • Brazil
  • Panama
  • Thailand
  • Liberia
  • China
  • Greece
  • Austria-Hungary
  • Germany
  • Ottoman Empire
  • Bulgaria

25
German U-Boats
26
(No Transcript)
27
(No Transcript)
28
(No Transcript)
29
(No Transcript)
30
May 7, 1915 Lusitania 128 Americans die Press
called it barbarism Wilson demands a
stop March 24, 1916 U-boats sink the Sussex
(French) They pledge to warn before attacks in
future
31
  • U-boats (Unterseeboot) continued to sink all
    suspected shipping
  • Wilson authorizes billions in loans to the
    Allies weakening our neutrality claims
  • Germany violates Sussex pledge 2-1-17
  • Believed they could win war before US entry
  • US breaks diplomatic relations

32
  • Zimmerman note to Mexico
  • German foreign ministers proposal of alliance in
    exchange for Texas, New Mexico and Arizona
  • March 1917 two more US ships sunk
  • The world must be safe for democracy
  • April 2, 1917 War Resolution

33
US Declares War
34
Yanks are ComingChapter 11 Section 2
  • Draftees and Volunteers
  • Originally 120,000 and 80,000 Guardsmen
  • By April, 14,500 soldiers under Pershing sent to
    France - American Expeditionary Force (AEF)
  • Selective Service Act (May 1917)
  • 24 million registered
  • 3 million drafted

35
(No Transcript)
36
  • Troops sent in convoys

37
Dough Boys
38
(No Transcript)
39
369th Infantry Harlem Hell Fighters
40
  • Russians withdrew from war due to internal
    revolution (communist takeover)
  • Americans arrived just in time to turn the tide
  • Tanks cross
    trenches

41
  • With American help, the Allies inch forward
  • November 11, 1918 Kaiser flees to Holland
  • Armistice called
  • Depending on source, over 9 million military
    deaths 53,000 from USA in battle
  • 5,000 a day during the war

42
  • Ottoman forces practiced genocide against
    Armenians
  • Estimated that 12,500,000 civilians (all races)--
    died as a result of military action, massacre,
    starvation or disease

43
  • Deaths (from all causes)
  • Austria-Hungary 1,200,000
  • Belgium 45,550
  • British Empire 942,135
  • France 1,368,000
  • Greece 23,098
  • Italy 680,000
  • Germany 1,935,000
  • Romania 300,000
  • Russia 1,700,000
  • Serbia 45,000
  • United States 116,516
  • Bulgaria 87,495
  • Ottoman Empire 725,000

44
On the Home FrontChapter 11 Section 3
45
(No Transcript)
46
(No Transcript)
47
  • Women filled in for the men at factories and in
    some management positions

48
  • Great Migration of African-Americans moved
    north for jobs
  • Over 500,000

49
  • Price Controls on food
  • Rationing of food and fuels
  • Meatless days
  • Samuel Gompers (AFL) promised to limit labor
    problems
  • Daylight Savings Time
  • Saved electricity

50
Loyalty
  • Hate the Hun
  • Concern for spies
  • 1917 Espionage Act
  • Illegal to interfere with
    war effort
  • 1918 Sedition Act
  • Speech or actions that encourage
    rebellion or that are
    disloyal

51
Clear and Present Danger
  • Schenck v. U.S.
  • 1919 Supreme Court case from actions of a
    Communist during war.
  • Mailed letters urging to ignore draft
  • Convicted of Espionage Act
  • CJ Oliver Wendell Holmes clear and present
    danger test met

52
After WW IChapter 11 Section 4
  • Versailles Treaty - 1919
  • New boundaries for Europe and Middle East
  • Germany to pay 33 billion in reparations
  • Never able to pay - Never forgotten
  • Limits on future size of German military
  • Commitment to League of Nations
  • Not ratified by US not until 1921 was war
    officially declared over

53
  • League of Nations
  • Woodrow Wilsons Fourteen Points
  • Ending alliances in favor of one body of nations
  • Agreement to negotiate future hostilities through
    League
  • Removal of trade barriers
  • Arms reduction by all nations

54
Reasons for the Senate refusing to join the
League of Nations
  • Fear it could be used to drag the US into another
    foreign war
  • Weakened American Independence
  • No guarantee that the Monroe Doctrine would
    remain in force

55
  • League of Nations
  • Woodrow Wilsons Fourteen Points
  • Ending alliances in favor of one body of nations
  • Removal of trade barriers
  • Arms reduction
  • Agreement to negotiate future hostilities
  • Self-determination for Austria and Hungary

56
(No Transcript)
57
(No Transcript)
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com