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The Renaissance


The Renaissance Rebirth 1300 s-1600 s – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance

The RenaissanceRebirth
  • 1300s-1600s

Renaissance rebirth
  • Began in Italy
  • Rome and all of its history was there
  • Characteristics
  • Revival in learning
  • Urban society with a secular (worldly) viewpoint
    and wealth
  • Recovery from disasters like the plague and a
    decline in the Churchs power
  • Emphasized individual ability- Renaissance Man
    like Leonardo da Vinci

Important Italian City-States
  • Florence (Northern Italy)
  • Medici family (Lorenzo Medici especially)
  • Cultural center of Italy

Niccolo Machiavelli
  • Wrote The Prince
  • About political power in the western world
  • How to get and keep power
  • Leader acts on behalf of the state and cant be
    concerned with what is morally right/wrong, only
    what will keep him in power

Renaissance Society
  • 3 estates/classes
  • Peasants/Townspeople
  • 85-90 of the population
  • Mostly merchants and artisans
  • 1300s-1400s feudalism ended and urban poverty
    rose dramatically
  • Urban society
  • Patricians wealth from trade, industry, and
    banking (dominate community)
  • Burghers shopkeepers, artisans
  • Workers pitiful wages
  • Unemployed 30-40 of population
  • Nobles
  • 2-3 of population
  • Held most important political posts, advisors to
    the king
  • Clergy

  • Intellectual movement of the Renaissance
  • Based on study of the classics (ancient Greeks
    and Romans)
  • Petrarch father of Italian humanism, began
    emphasis on using pure classical Latin
  • 14th century intellectual life of solitude
  • 15th century active life for ones state, study
    of humanities should be put to the service of the
    state so they served as secretaries in the
    city-states and to the princes and popes

Vernacular Literature (own language)
  • Dante Divine Comedy a souls journey to
    salvation, written in Italian
  • Geoffrey Chaucer The Canterbury Tales-
    collection of stories told by a group journeying
    to the tomb of St. Thomas a Becket at Canterbury
    in England, described English society, written in
  • Christine de Pizan French works written in
    defense of women, French vernacular

  • Humanists believed education could dramatically
    change human beings lives
  • Liberal Studies
  • Enabled people to reach full potential
  • History, moral philosophy, rhetoric (public
    speaking), grammar and logic, math, astronomy,
    music, and physical education
  • Purpose to produce individuals who follow a path
    of virtue and wisdom, a practical education to
    create complete citizens

Girls Education
  • Few went to school
  • Girls studied the classics and were encouraged to
    know some history, how to ride, dance, sing, play
    the lute, and appreciate poetry
  • NOT taught rhetoric or math
  • Religion and morals should be the foremost in
    educating Christian ladies so they could become
    good wives and mothers

Artistic Renaissance in Italy
  • Humans became the focus of attention and were
    portrayed realistically
  • Perspective enabled artists to create the
    illusion of 3 dimensions so art looks more

New Techniques in Painting
  • Fresco painting done on wet plaster
  • Masaccio very well known for his frescoes
  • Also one of first to master perspective

The Tribute Money
Sculpture and Architecture
  • Donatello
  • Sculptor
  • Statue of Saint George realistic, freestanding

Donatello Statue of Saint George
Masters of the High Renaissance 1490-1520 Final
stage of Renaissance painting
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Realistic painting
  • Goal was to create idealized forms that would
    capture the perfection of nature and the
  • Dissected bodies to see how they naturally worked

Mona Lisa The Last Supper
  • Raphael
  • One of best painters in Italy
  • Known for his Madonnas
  • Tried to achieve an ideal of beauty far
    surpassing human standards
  • Known for frescoes in the Vatican Palace

The School of Athens
  • Michelangelo
  • Painter, sculptor, architect
  • Driven by desire to create, worked with great
    passion and energy on many projects
  • Sistine Chapel ceiling in Rome
  • Ideal figures in perfect proportions

Northern Artistic RenaissanceLow Countries
Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands
  • Flanders cultural and artistic center of the
    Northern Renaissance
  • How was the Northern Renaissance different than
    in Italy? (besides happening a little later)
  • Italy Large spaces to work on, mastered
    technical skills that allowed them to portray
    humans in realistic settings
  • North Gothic Cathedrals (less space), no
    frescoes, painted illustrations for books and
    wooden panels for altar pieces, not as many
    learned perspective as quickly

Artists of the Northern Renaissance
  • Jan van Eyck
  • Among 1st to use oil paint, could use a variety
    of colors and create fine details with it
  • Imitated nature by observing reality and
    portraying those details the best he could
  • Did NOT use perspective

The Ghent Altarpiece
  • Albrecht Dürer
  • Learned perspective during trips to Italy
  • Tried to use the details of the Northern artists
    and combine with the Italian techniques
  • Tried to achieve a standard of ideal beauty based
    on careful examination of the human form

The Adoration of the Maji