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THE SALES COMPARISON APPROACH

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CHAPTER TERMS AND CONCEPTS. Open-market transaction. Physical characteristics. Public records. Range. Sales comparison approach. Sales history. Sample. Seller s motives – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE SALES COMPARISON APPROACH


1

Chapter 8
  • THE SALES COMPARISON APPROACH

2
CHAPTER TERMS AND CONCEPTS
  • Adjustment techniques
  • Assessment Roll
  • Bracketing
  • Buyers motives
  • Central tendency
  • Comparable sale
  • Comparable sale search area
  • Competitive property
  • Concessions
  • Linear and multiple regressions
  • Location
  • Mean
  • Median
  • Mode

3
CHAPTER TERMS AND CONCEPTS
  • Open-market transaction
  • Physical characteristics
  • Public records
  • Range
  • Sales comparison approach
  • Sales history
  • Sample
  • Sellers motives
  • Standard deviation
  • Submarket
  • Terms of sale
  • Variables
  • Verification

4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
  1. List and explain the four steps in the sales
    comparison approach.
  2. Explain the important concepts behind this
    approach.
  3. Explain how to decide if a sale is comparable.
  4. Discuss what information about a comparable sale
    should be collected.
  5. Identify the major sources of market data.
  6. Outline the statistical techniques appraisers can
    use to analyze sales.

5
SALES COMPARISON APPROCH
  • Collect Comparable Sales
  • MLS, Public Record, Commercial databases
  • Analyze and Compare them to the Subject Property
  • Adjust for Differences between the Sales and the
    Subject (market adjustments)
  • Arrive at a Value Opinion for Subject Property

6
Sales Comparison Approach Steps
Figure 8-1
7
Key Concepts of the Sales Comparison Approach
  • The importance of substitution
  • The simplicity of market comparisons
  • The relationship to statistics
  • The relevance of adjustments
  • The significance of market data

8
SIGNIFICANCE OF SALES COMPARISON APPROACH
  • Based upon the Principle of Substitution
  • Simple, Direct and Reliable
  • Has Statistical Connections
  • Includes Methods for Adjusting for Property
    Differences
  • Provides Data for Other Approaches
  • Income and cost approaches

9
STATISTICAL CONNECTIONS
  • Samples Market Activity
  • Identifies Market Patterns
  • Brackets the Value
  • Indicates the Most Probable Price

10
SELECTING THE COMPARABLE SALES
  • The Competitive Property
  • Same neighborhood?
  • Define search area
  • Open-Market Transactions
  • Listed in MLS?
  • Date of Sale
  • Close to date of valuation

11
SELECTING THE COMPARABLE SALES
  • How Comparable?
  • Square footage, bedrooms, baths
  • Design, age, amenities
  • Sales History of Subject
  • Three years prior to date of value

12
What Is a Comparable Sale?
Figure 8-5
13
COMPARABLE SALES DATA
  • Transaction Data
  • Date of sale
  • Sales price and terms
  • Legal description
  • Grantor and grantee
  • Personal property included
  • Motivation of Parties
  • Physical Data
  • Land Size, shape, topography, utilities
    available
  • Improvements size type, quality, condition,
    special features, any problems

14
COMPARABLE SALES DATA
  • Legal Data
  • Zoning
  • Taxes and assessments
  • Public and private restrictions
  • Location
  • Comparability
  • Detrimental influences
  • Market Conditions
  • General state of the market
  • Availability of financing

15
TESTS OF COMPARABILITY
  • Each Comparable Sale Should Be
  • A competitive property
  • An open market transaction
  • Close in time to the date of value

16
Comparing Locations
Figure 8-8
17
MARKET DATA SOURCES
  • Public Records
  • Multiple Listing Services (MLS)
  • Private/Commercial Data Services
  • Title Insurance Companies
  • Parties to the Transaction
  • Appraisers Files

18
SAMPLE GRANT DEED
19
SALES DATA EXAMPLE
Figure 8-10
20
DATA RESOURCES ON THE INTERNET
  • Websites of Government Agencies
  • General data on the economy
  • Regulatory information affecting real estate
  • Websites of Industry Service Organizations
  • Industry trends and guidelines
  • Construction cost estimating services
  • Market data banks, appraisal support

21
DATA RESOURCES ON THE INTERNET
  • Websites of Trade Associations
  • Member information services
  • General information for the public

22
APPRAISAL STATISTICAL CONCEPTS
  • Central Tendency
  • Mean Average value or price
  • Median Middle value or price
  • Mode Most common value or price
  • Range Difference between high and low value
  • Standard Deviation Description of how values
    differ from the mean
  • Linear and Multiple Regression
  • Can Calculate relationships between property
    features and property price
  • Can Suggest value of the subject property

23
SUMMARY
The sales comparison approach is one of the three
approaches used to estimate value. The main
feature of the sales comparison approach is the
process of analyzing sales and comparing them to
the subject property, based on the principle of
substitution. The sales comparison approach
consists of four steps. 1. Research the
sales. 2. Analyze the sales. 3. Adjust the sales
for differences between the sales and the
subject property. 4. Arrive at a value estimate.
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