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Title: ????Unit14 Festivals


1
????Unit14 Festivals
  • ???
  • 2007.3.13

2
Unit14, festival
3
Brainstorming festivals of foreign countries
Thanksgiving Day
Easter
Christmas
Chopstics Day
festivals
Fathers Day
Carnival
Halloween
Mothers Day
Oktoberfest
Valentines Day
Fools Day
4
Unit14, festival
5
Task1, Pre-unit Activities
T, Find information about the following festivals
as much as possible through newspapers,
magazines, related books and Internet. Before the
class teachers hand out the papers to the
students so that they can know more information
about the topic the reading passage
previously. 1,Chinese festivals the Spring
Festival, the Lantern Festival (Yuanxiao), Tomb
Sweeping Festival (Qingming), Dragon Boat
Festival (Duanwu), Mid-Autumn Festival, Double
Ninth Festival (Chongyang), National Day, New
Years Day, Chinese Youth Day, Partys Day,
Armys Day, Teachers Day, Tree-planting
Day Foreign festivals Christmas, Halloween,
Thanksgiving Day, Easter, Valentines Day, April
Fools Day, Ramadan, Day of the Dead (from
Mexico), Bon Odori Festival/ Ghost Festival (from
Japan) (????), Mardi Gras, Kwanzaa
6
2. Give the following introductions of some
famous foreign festivals.
Mardi Gras The America's most favorite
celebration, and famous Mardi Gras takes place in
New Orleans, Louisiana. Carnival has religious
roots associated with Judeo-Christian tradition.
Mardi Gras is set to occur 46 days (the 40 days
of Lent plus six Sundays) before Easter and can
come as early as February 3 or as late as March
9. Known as the "biggest free show on earth",
people there dress up in costumes for these
events and enjoy this celebration by going to
public parades where they catch "beads,
doubloons, cups, and trinkets" that are all
thrown from floats. They also have private
celebrations, masquerade balls, held by clubs
called krewes. The official colors of Carnival
are purple, green and gold, chosen in 1872 by
that year's Rex. The colors have meaning purple
for justice, green for faith and gold for power.
King Cakes are eaten during this
holiday. Valentines Day February 14th,
Valentines Day, is sweethearts day, on which
people in love with each other express their
tender emotions. People
7
sometimes put their love message in a
heart-shaped box of chocolates, or a bunch of
flowers tied with red ribbons. Words or letters
may be written on the flower-covered card, or
something else. Whatever the form may be, the
message is almost the same Will you be my
valentine? The symbol of valentine is a picture
with a Heart and Cupid armed with bow and arrow.
Many universities, high or elementary schools
hold a sweethearts Ball for the young students
to celebrate Valentines Day.
8
Easter Easter, with its religious character,
falls on the first Sunday after the full moon
that occurs on or after March 21st. Therefore,
Easter happens sometimes in March, and sometimes
in April. It commemorates the resurrection of
Jesus Christ from the tomb where he had lain for
three days following his Crucifixion. His rise
after three days indicates that he would
accomplish his promise to rise again from the
dead as proof of eternal life. As Christs return
to life had occurred during the season of spring,
some of the rites of Spring were still retained.
Therefore, we see that although Easter is based
on the events in the life of Christ, it has been
influenced by older traditions. For example, the
custom of dyeing eggs is still very popular among
American children. Originally the egg symbolized
fertility for the ancient Persians and Greeks who
exchanged eggs at their spring festivals. But up
to the Christian time, the egg symbolized the
tomb from which Christ rose. For Christian lamb
is the symbol of the sacrifice of Christ and pig
the symbol of good luck. That is why both in
Europe and in America, people have lamb and ham
as their main meat on Easter Sunday. In all the
spring season, people enjoy the Easter message of
hope, joy and the resurrection of spirit
9
Halloween 1,000 years ago, the Celts living
in the Great Britain believed that human is
mastered by gods. They also believe that Samhain,
the death god, would come back to the earthly
world with the dead at the night on October 31.
The Celts built bonfires and fired animals as
sacrificial offerings to the death god. Some
Celts were dressed in costumes made from animal
heads or furs, which was the origin of
contemporary Halloween masquerade. The night of
the death god was a horrifying time that
signified the coming of winter and was the
beginning of Halloween eve. Today, the religious
meaning of Halloween has been weakened instead,
the holiday expresses mans cherishing memory of
Halloween via innovative, ever-changing modern
masquerade.
10
Thanksgiving Day Thanksgiving Day, which
originated in America and was first celebrated in
1621 by the pilgrims of the Plymouth Colony, is
the most typical and true national holiday of all
the holidays observed in the United States of
America. Because of the religious persecution by
the established church in England, the pilgrims
left their native land with the purpose of
enjoying religious freedom. They first fled to
Holland, and then sailed to America on a ship
called the Mayflower. When they arrived at
Plymouth, Massachusetts, it was November, 1620.
The first winter was very difficult for them and
over half of them died because of hunger and
illness, hard work and severely cold weather. In
the spring of the next year, 1621, a friendly
Indian named Squants, who had been captured and
released by other English men, came to help them
in planting the corn and fertilizing the soil.
11
Then Squants brought the Indian chief called
Massasoit who also treated them in a friendly
way. With the help of the Indians, the pilgrims
had a bumper harvest that year. They thought the
harvest was a kind of deliverance by God, so they
decided to have a day of celebration after their
harvest to express their thanks to God. And they
also invited the Indian chief Massasoit in
gratitude and prepared a grand dinner out-doors.
The celebration lasted for 3 days. On October
3rd, 1863, Lincoln issued the first National
Thanksgiving Proclamation. Since then it has been
the custom for the President of the United States
to Proclaim annually the fourth Thursday of
November as Thanksgiving Day. The Thanksgiving
dinner is mainly stuffed with roast turkey,
squash and corn, pumpkin pie and Indian pudding a
custard made from corn), etc. Today, American
people have four days for this holiday, although
the first Thanksgiving lasted three days. One is
probably surprised to find the uniformity in the
holiday scene of every family, wherever one goes
in the United States. People go back home to
enjoy the reunion of their family at the arrival
of Thanksgiving Day.
12
Christmas Christmas Day, which is the greatest
of the Christian festivals, falls on December
25th on which Christian people believe Jesus
Christ was born, although no one can tell the
exact date of his birth. This is the biggest and
best-loved holiday in the United States, which is
full of joy and gaiety, love and laughter,
hospitality and good will. People usually have
two weeks for this holiday. They begin to prepare
Christmas long before the holiday comes. Small
families and large business firms prepare the
holiday differently. Stores are decorated with
the traditional Christmas colors of green and
red. Goods associated with Christmas become best
sellers at this time. People like to decorate
their stores and homes with Christmas tree, which
is usually covered with strings of colored lights
and a star fixed on top representing the star in
the East, which guided the three Wise Men to
where Jesus was born. And Christmas food is
special peppermint-flavored red and white
striped canes of sugar, bright
13
colored hard sweets, chocolate bonbons, creamy
homemade fudge and clusters of chocolate-covered
raisins, walnuts or pecans, etc. On Christmas Eve
families have a big dinner. Children hang their
stockings by the fireplace, hoping that Santa
Claus will fill them with sweets and toys.
14
Task1, Greetings. Task2, do you like some
festivals? Ok,lets see!
Chinese New Year Spring Festival Chinese Lunar
New Year
Lantern Festival
on the 15th day of the first lunar month
15
Tomb-sweeping Day,
on April 5th Memorize ancestors or the dead
Dragon Boating Day,
on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month
16
Mid-Autumn Festival,
on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month
the Double Ninth Festival (Old Peoples Day)
on the 9th day of the 9th lunar month
17
Valentines Day
on February, 14
April Fools Day
on April, 1
18
Task3, Teacher Says, Do you know any other
American festivals? Would you like to know to
American festivals? Now lets make an exercise
to See whether you know them. Now one student has
a card A, the other student has a card B. now
please ask your partners questions and exchange
it, you can do it like this, A, What is the
theme of Abraham Lincolns birthday? B, oh, it
is to honor the president who set all the slaves
free. Ukase what I mean? Do it, please.  
19
Card B
20
(No Transcript)
21
 
22
Card A
23
(No Transcript)
24
 
Task4, T OK, Good. Which are the greatest and
the most important festival to Chinese people?
(The Spring Festival) And which is the greatest
and the most important festival to Christian
people in western countries? (Christmas) I think
both of them are quite popular in the world.
25
So What are difference between Christmas and
Chinese Spring festival ?
Festival Different aspect   Chinese Spring Festival Christmas
Time From the 1st day to the 15th day of the first Chinese lunar month On Dec. 25
Preparation Do spring-cleaning, do Spring Festival shopping (new clothes, delicious food, fireworks, New Year paintings, etc.), decorate the houses with Spring Festival Do cleaning, do Christmas shopping (gifts, cards, sweet, cookies, etc.) decorate the houses with Christmas tree and colored lights
Special Food New Years cake, dumpling ( jiaozi) , sweet dumpling (tangyuan Candies, cookies, pudding
26
(No Transcript)
27
Pre-reading
Task4, Reading T Can you say some other
festivals? .Do you what to know Thanks giving
Day? Now lets watch them Do you know there is
another festival, which follows Christmas Day in
America?.It is an important festival to African
Americans. Is there any one who knows the name of
the festival? (Kwanzaa)
28
Enjoy it
Christmas Day
December , 25
29
Carnival of African-Americans
30
It is celebrated through singing, speaking,
dancing and reciting traditions.
31
T/F Questions
1.( ) Kwanzaa is a very old festival.
F
2.( ) The word Kwanzaa means first fruit in
Swahili.
T
3.( ) Kwanzaa is based on old African festivals.
T
4.( )People created Kwanzaa to celebrate
American culture.
F
5.( ) Kwanzaa is celebrated on Christmas Day.
F
6.( ) People who celebrate Kwanzaa light a
candle for each of the seven principles.
T
32
Exercise 2, Read the text on page 10 fast and
try to get a general idea of Kwanzaa from the
text. T can present a diagram of the information
about Kwanzaa to help Ss to finish this task.
how long
When
Kwanzaa
who
why
how
Characteristics
33
Scanning Questions
(Questionnaire When is Kwanzaa celebrated? How
long does it last? Who created the festival of
Kwanzaa? (Dr Maulana Karenga) Who usually
celebrates Kwanzaa? Why is it celebrated? What
are the characteristics of Kwanzaa?)
34
Matching the general idea of each paragraphs.
In a popular African language, it means first and
celebrates the new year.
Para. 1
The festival is based on seven important
principles or ideas.
Para.2
Kwanzaa is a festival of reflection and
anticipation for African Americans
Para.3
Festivals not only celebrate history but add to
our cultural traditions for future generations.
Para.4
Candles are an important aspect of the
celebration of Kwanzaa.
Para.5
35
Exercise3 questions and answers. Now decide the
whole class into two groups. The boys group and
the girls group. Boy must ask questions and the
girls must answer them. After that they can
exchange the role. You can use the following
questions to help you
1, why did people create Kwanzaa? 2, when was
Kwanzaa born? 3, what are the principles of the
Kwanzaa? Which one do you? Think is the most
important? 4, compare Kwanzaa with the Chinese
Spring Festival and Christmas .In which do we
celebrate these similar and in Which way are
they different? 5, many festivals around the
world are celebrated around The same time.
Why do we celebrate these festivals at these
times?
36
Fill in the following form
When does the festival fall?
How long does it last?
When was it created?
Why did people create Kwanzaa?
How do people celebrate it?
12.26-1.1
7 days
1966
celebrate their history and culture
lighting a candle and discuss one of the
principles
37
Day 1 - middle candle - Black - Umoja - UnityDay
2 - innermost red candle - Kujichagulia
Self-determinationDay 3 - innermost green
candle - Ujima Collective Work and
ResponsibilityDay 4 - middle red candle - Ujamaa
Cooperative EconomicsDay 5 -
middle green candle - Nia - PurposeDay 6 -
outermost red candle - Kuumba - CreativityDay 7
- outermost green candle - Imani - Faith
38
Task5, Dialogue. Suppose you are the reporter of
Overseas Wind Programmed of jianling middle
school Students Broadcasting. Now you are chosen
to interview the foreign teacher John about the
festival of Kwanzaa. Make up a dialogue with your
partner. One acts the role of the reporter, and
the other acts the role of John. The dialogue can
begin like this Reporter (R) Good afternoon,
everyone. Here is our Overseas Wind Programme.
Today, we have a foreign guest in our progamme.
He is our foreign teacher John. Hello,
John. John (J) Hello. R Good morning. Welcome
you to China. I am pleased greatly if you can
tell me any information about KWANZAA. Also
Welcome to our Overseas Wind Programme. Today we
have a topic about the festival of Kwanzaa. So
would you like to introduce Kwanzaa to us? J

39
Task5, Discussion
Topic1 Do you agree festivals can help us
understand our history and culture? How do they
help us understand our history and culture
Nowadays more and more
festivals have been created in my cities for
various purposes, such as developing local
economy, making the city well known, etc. Our
city Shu yang created the Festival of the Great
Wall in the South. It has been celebrated for
three years. However, some Shuyangese think
holding such a festival causes some problems to
the city. What effects does the Festival of the
Great Wall in the South bring to us? Make a list
Good Effects Bad Effects

Topic2,
40

Argument What positive and negative effects do
festivals have on us?
Good Effects Bad Effects

41
Discussion
Group
Good effects Bad effects
1. 1.
2. 2.
3. 3.
42
Day
You may have some other greater ideas
43
Create your own class festival
Name of the festival ___________________________
_ Date _________________________________________
_ Meaning ______________________________________
___ Principles _________________________________
_________ How is the festival celebrated?
___________________________ What is the symbol
of the festival? _______________________
44
Ask three students as judges to decide which
group is the best and give some evaluations.
Group1 Group2 Group3
Judge1
Judge2
Judge3
Total
Group
Scores
Judges
45
Writing Since you have created your new
festival, you may want your friends to join the
celebration of your new festival . Try to write
an invitation.

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Silver, We are having a small
At-home party with a few close friends at our
house on Tuesday, February 3rd, at 700 oclock.
We should be very pleased if you could honour
us with your company. Sincerely yours, John
Brown
46
Thank you
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