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Asia During Post-Classical Period (600-1450)

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Asia During Post-Classical Period (600-1450) Chapter 10 China 220- Fall of Han Political defragmentation 580 s- rise of Sui Dynasty Reunites China Short-lived ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Asia During Post-Classical Period (600-1450)


1
Asia During Post-Classical Period (600-1450)
  • Chapter 10

2
China
  • 220- Fall of Han
  • Political defragmentation
  • 580s- rise of Sui Dynasty
  • Reunites China
  • Short-lived, falls apart in 618

3
Sui Dynasty
  • Strengthened defenses against nomads
  • Govt. established granaries to store food
  • Confucian legal system
  • Scholarly gentry class
  • Buddhism grows in popularity
  • Big Accomplishment Grand Canal
  • Over 1200 miles long
  • Links north with agricultural lands of the south

4
Sui Dynasty
  • Military campaigns in Korea
  • Conscripted a massive army
  • Unsuccessful
  • Drains the economy

5
Sui Dynasty
  • 2 rulers
  • Wendi
  • Yangdi
  • Yangdis wars and luxurious lifestyle put a
    strain on China
  • High taxes to pay for construction
  • Conscripted labor
  • Yangdi retreated to palaces
  • Many thought he was going mad
  • Assassinated in 618
  • End of dynasty

6
Tang
  • Tang Dynasty (618-907)
  • Reunites China
  • Military campaigns in Korea, Vietnam, Tibet,
    Manchuria
  • Fortifies Great Wall, frontier armies
  • Confucianism

7
Tang Dynasty
  • Tang begins decline
  • Internal power struggles
  • Inefficient rule
  • Rebellions by borderland peoples
  • Dynasty ends in 907
  • China enters period of fragmentation

8
Song Dynasty
  • Song (960-1296)
  • Scholarly gentry in bureaucracy
  • Neo-Confucianism
  • Personal morality is highest goal
  • The ed. elite are most fit to govern
  • Hostility toward foreign ideas
  • Women inferior to men
  • Professional military
  • 1 million man army
  • gunpowder

9
Song Dynasty
  • Song began decline
  • Borderland peoples rebel
  • Loss of territory in north
  • forced to relocate capital to Hangzhou in
    Southern China
  • Military economic drain
  • Mongols take advantage of weakness
  • Conquer China in 1270s and create the Yuan
    Dynasty
  • More on the Yuan in Chapter 12

10
Tang and SongA Golden Age
  • Thriving Economy
  • Grand Canal
  • Military to defend Silk Roads
  • Junks for maritime trade
  • Massive ships with compasses, gunpowder rockets
    for defense
  • Paper money, banking

11
Tang and SongA Golden Age
  • Cities grow population over 100 million
  • Agriculture grows in importance
  • Champa Rice
  • Broke up large estates to increase free peasantry

12
Tang and SongA Golden Age
  • Culture
  • Patriarchal
  • Neo-Confucianism during Song meant decline in
    status of women
  • Foot binding
  • Men allowed multiple wives/concubines
  • Women excluded from ed.

13
Tang and Song Culture
  • Buddhism grows in popularity
  • Patronized by Tang
  • Backlash by Confucians, attacks on monasteries
    shrines
  • Mahayana popular among masses
  • Allowed them to incorporate their own deities
  • Chan popular with nobility
  • Could afford to meditate and surround themselves
    with beauty of natural world

14
Tang and Song Culture
  • A time of invention, art, creativity
  • Engineering
  • Gunpowder started to be used for weaponry
  • Paper Money
  • Kites
  • Tea Drinking became an elaborate ritual
  • Compasses
  • Moveable type (adopted from Korea)
  • Landscape paintings common
  • Symbolism in art
  • Poems often accompanied the art

15
Japan
16
Japan
  • Geography
  • Archipelago
  • Mountainous terrain
  • Early inhabitants around 20,000 yrs. ago
  • Originally, hundreds of independent kingships

17
Japan
  • 600s-Yamato state began to consolidate power
  • Government centered in Nara
  • Nara period
  • Institute Taika Reforms to emulate China
  • Confucianism
  • Centralized government
  • Emperor, but he had very little power
  • Chinese-styled architecture
  • Buddhism became popular (spread from Korea)
  • Mixed with Shinto

18
Culture of Japan
  • Shinto- Way of the gods
  • Native religion of Japan
  • Polytheistic, kami
  • Emperor believed to be descendant of Sun Goddess
    (Amaterasu)
  • Believed Japan was a divine creation and
    protected by the gods

19
Heian Japan794-1185
  • 794 court moved from Nara to Heian (Kyoto)
  • Fujiwara family dominated
  • Marriages to keep control
  • Development of unique Japanese culture
  • Elaborate court life
  • Emphasis on aesthetics
  • Court intrigues and love affairs
  • Tale of Genji

20
Heian Japan
  • Gender and Family
  • Marriage used to consolidate power among ruling
    families
  • Intermarriage common
  • Men allowed multiple wives concubines
  • Women were allowed to inherit property
  • Men and women occupied different spaces in society

21
Rise of Warrior Class
  • Aristocrats focus on court life, forget about
    warrior class
  • Local strongmen build up their own powerbase
  • Daimyo
  • Supported by warriors (Samurai)
  • Rise in power of warrior class decline of
    imperial power

22
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23
Rise of Feudalism in Japan
  • Fujiwara family began to lose power
  • 1180s Gempei Wars
  • Rival families fight to be in control
  • Minamoto family wins, establishes a military
    government with himself as Shogun
  • Emperor still existed, but had no power
  • Minamoto Shogunate (1192-1330s)
  • Also known as Kamakura Shogunate
  • Ashikaga Shogunate established in 1336-1573
  • Tokugawa Shogunate established in 1603-1868

24
Feudalism in Japan
  • Developed about the same time as feudalism in
    Europe
  • Shogun distributed land to daimyo in return for
    military support (samurai)
  • Code of Bushido
  • Loyalty, courage, honor
  • Ritualistic suicide for dishonor (seppuku)
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