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Sustainable Development in a global perspective

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Everything or Nothing? Sustainable Development in a global perspective Per Knutsson Human Ecology School of Global Studies University of Gothenburg – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sustainable Development in a global perspective


1
Everything or Nothing?
  • Sustainable Development in a global perspective

Per Knutsson Human Ecology School of Global
Studies University of Gothenburg per.knutsson_at_glob
alstudies.gu.se
2
The outline of the lecture/seminar
  • Introduction and discussion of central aspects
    of sustainable development - Gothenburg as a
    case study
  • Questions for joint discussion

3
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4
5 ways to understand sustainable development
  • Definitions
  • Goals (time)
  • Indicators
  • Values
  • Practice

5
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6
The Brundtland Commission 1987
  • "Sustainable development is development that
    meets the needs of the present without
    compromising the ability of future generations to
    meet their own needs. It contains within it two
    key concepts
  • the concept of needs, in particular the essential
    needs of the world's poor, to which overriding
    priority should be given and
  • the idea of limitations imposed by the state of
    technology and social organization on the
    environment's ability to meet present and future
    needs."

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8
We recognize that poverty eradication, changing
consumption and production patterns and
protecting and managing the natural resource base
for economic and social development are
overarching objectives of and essential
requirements for sustainable development.
The Johannesburg Declaration 2002
9
  • Globalization has added a new dimension to these
    challenges. The rapid integration of markets,
    mobility of capital and significant increases in
    investment flows around the world have opened new
    challenges and opportunities for the pursuit of
    sustainable development. But the benefits and
    costs of globalization are unevenly distributed,
    with developing countries facing special
    difficulties in meeting this challenge.

10
unless we act in a manner that fundamentally
changes their lives the poor of the world may
lose confidence in their representatives and the
democratic systems to which we remain committed,
seeing their representatives as nothing more than
sounding brass or tinkling cymbals. 
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12
Millenium Goals (2015)
  • 1. End Poverty and Hunger
  • 2 Universal Education
  • 3. Gender Equality
  • 4. Child Health
  • 5 Maternal Health
  • 6. Combat HIV/AIDS
  • 7. Environmental Sustainability
  • 8. Global Partnership

http//www.un.org/millenniumgoals/
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14
The World Business Council for Sustainable
Development wants to
  • Be a leading business advocate on sustainable
    development
  • Participate in policy development to create the
    right framework conditions for business to make
    an effective contribution to sustainable human
    progress
  • Develop and promote the business case for
    sustainable development
  • Demonstrate the business contribution to
    sustainable development solutions and share
    leading edge practices among members
  • Contribute to a sustainable future for developing
    nations and nations in transition.

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18
Rockström et al. 2009. Nature Vol. 461
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20
Socio-Ecological Resillience
  • Interplay between disturbance, reorganization,
    sustaining and developing
  • Adaptive capacity, transformability, learning,
    innovation
  • Cross-scale interactions

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25
Retreat? Defend? Attack?
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27
Seminar discussion
  • Think about the city/area you live in (or a
    city/area you know well).
  • How would you define sustainable development, in
    the context of your city/area?
  • What are the key environmental, social, economic
    concerns?
  • What interlinkages between environmental, social
    and economic concerns can you see in your
    city/area?
  • Are there any conflicts of interest between
    environmental, social and economic goals?
  • How is development being planned? Which time
    scale?
  • Are there any policies/programs for SD?
  • In what ways is the development in your city/area
    linked to global development, or development in
    other parts of the world?
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