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Corpus Linguistics

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Corpus Linguistics What is corpus linguistics? Method / Theory in Linguistics Analysis of collections of texts (corpora) Verifying/ Strengthening or weakening of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Corpus Linguistics


1
Corpus Linguistics
2
What is corpus linguistics?
  • Method / Theory in Linguistics
  • Analysis of collections of texts (corpora)
  • Verifying/ Strengthening or weakening of
    hypotheses through statistics
  • -gt quantitative textual analysis

3
A little history
  • 1897 Käding analyzed manually a corpus of
    11 million words
  • 1967er Henry Cucera and Nelson Francis
    analyzed the Brown Corpus of
    American English (computer-assisted)
  • 1970-90 The number of computer-assisted
    linguistic analyses was doubled / 5yrs
  • E.g. 2007, latest
  • update of the BNC 100-million-word corpus

4
Corpus Analysis?
  • Tools and concordance programs (e.g. Wordsmith,
    Zaira)
  • Concordance a word in ist immediate co-text
  • Different types of corpora
  • general (e.g. BNC), specific (some criteria
    topic, genre, author)

5
(No Transcript)
6
Who uses it and where?
  • Compilation of dictionaries
  • Linguistist, Language teachers, etc.
  • -gtDescriptions of language and its variations
    (e.g. sociolects, dialects)
  • Discourse Analysis, i.e. linguistic phenomena in
    various discourse types (z.B. news papers,
    novels,etc.)

7
Corpus Analysis and CDA
  • Approach -gt Language does not reflect reality
    we construct reality through language
  • Langauge plays an important role in the
    construction and maintainance of ideologies
  • ? it neutralizes and naturalizes inequalities of
    power and money
  • Corpus Analysis is used as a method to discover
    certain societal patterns and ideologies (within
    this approach)

8
Wordsmith
  • is a collection of corpus linguistics tools for
    looking for patterns in a language/discourse/texts
    (s).
  • Mike Scott, University of Liverpool,
    www.lexically.net
  • Wordlist orders words in a corpus
    alphabetically, according to frequency and other
    statistical information
  • Concord concordances, collocates
  • Keywords compares the frequency of words within
    two corpora
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