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Title: Janet Bray


1
National Education Policy and Activity Update
  • Janet Bray
  • Executive Director
  • Association for Career and Technical Education

2
(No Transcript)
3
National Challenges
  • Concern about U.S. student performance, and
    particularly performance of minorities and
    disenfranchised populations
  • -high dropout rates
  • -Insufficient communications, math and
    science skills
  • -high postsecondary remediation rates and
  • -large achievement gaps
  • United States global competition
  • Improved transitions between secondary and
    postsecondary education
  • 21st Century Skills

4
Global Competition
  • The 25 of the population in China with the
    highest IQs is greater than the total population
    of North America
  • In India, its the top 28
  • In 2002, 59 of all degrees awarded in China were
    in engineering and physical science
  • In the United States it was 32
  • China has more honors kids than we have kids

5
2007 World Economic Leaders
  1. United States
  2. Japan
  3. England
  4. Germany

Source Goldman Sacks
6
2040 World Economic Leaders
  • China 5. Russia
  • India 6. Brazil
  • United States 7. Germany
  • Mexico 8. England

Source Goldman Sacks
7
Emerging Labor Market
  • The top 10 in-demand jobs predicted for 2010
    didnt exist in 2004
  • 90 of the fastest-growing jobs will require an
    education beyond high school
  • 49 of 50 highest paying occupations require a
    college degree or higher
  • Over the past 10 years, jobs requiring science
    and engineering skills increased 51

8
U.S. Workforce Challenges
  • In a survey of US manufacturers, 90 of employers
    reported moderate to severe shortages of skilled
    workers
  • Over 300,000 skilled IT jobs have gone unfilled
    over the last decade because of no qualified
    applicants
  • 52 of teens have little or no interest in
    manufacturing career 21 ambivalent

9
U.S. Demographics
  • Between 2010 and 2025, up to 95 million Baby
    Boomers will leave the U.S. workforce or change
    work focus
  • Only 40 million Gen Xers and Yers will be
    available to replace them

10
Workforce Readiness
  • Over 400 employers surveyed rated the workforce
    readiness of new workforce entrants as deficient
  • 42 of high school grad GED
  • 11 of two-yr college grads
  • 9 of four-yr college grads

11
U.S. Education Challenge
  • The U.S. high school graduation rate is 17th
    internationally with a 73 graduation rate
  • One third of all high school students dont
    graduate on time
  • The U.S. college graduation rate is 14th
    internationally with a 66 graduation rate
  • Among people 18-24, the U.S. ranks 5th
    internationally in college enrollment with 35 of
    people attending college

12
U.S. Education Challenge
  • In urban school districts 50-60 of students drop
    out of high school
  • Up to 55 of college freshmen must enroll in
    remedial courses in reading, writing and
    mathematics
  • One in four freshman at 4-year colleges fail to
    return to school for a sophomore year
  • One in two freshman in community colleges fail to
    return

13
  • The Internet has created the greatest generation
    gap since the advent of rock and roll.

14
This Generation
  • 93 US teens 12-17 used Internet in 2006
  • 64 created content on Internet up from 57 in
    2004
  • Social networking sites
  • Students disengaged

15
This Generation
  • Teenagers surveyed
  • Use MySpace and Facebook
  • Use texting instead of e-mail (parents)
  • Nearly 60 would rather use e-mail than a
    telephone
  • Are likely to have 6 applications running at once
    on their PC

16
This Generation
  • The killer application for todays students
    isnt You Tube, Facebook, MySpace, Google,
    Moodle, Pod-casting or some Wiki-site
  • For digital teens, the one and only killer app
    is speed
  • Consider this

17
This Generation
  • The fastest growing segment of computer-users
    today in the U.S. is 5 to 7 year olds

18
This Generation
  • Students will expect information to be delivered
    through electronic media instant messaging
  • Technology will challenge the applied classroom -
    learning to occur beyond the traditional
    classroom environment

19
Political Environment
  • Economy taking center stage in every discussion
  • Calls for bi-partisanship, but in many ways more
    partisan than ever
  • Short Congressional Calendar
  • Only scheduled to be in session 114 days
  • Election year

20
Obama Administration
  • Highest proportion of college graduates by 2020
  • All Americans enroll in at least one year of
    higher education or job training
  • Programs of Study - alignment of
    secondary/postsecondary

21
American Reinvestment and Recovery Act
  • 787.2 billion enacted 2/17/09
  • Approximately 35 tax cuts and 65 spending
  • 74.2 of spending and tax breaks would go out by
    the end of FY 2010
  • Was expected to create/save 3-4 million jobs
  • Major focuses on energy, science and technology,
    infrastructure, healthcare, and education

22
ARRA Education Implementation Principles
  • Spend funds quickly to save and create jobs
  • Improve student achievement through school
    improvement and reform
  • Ensure transparency and accountability and report
    publicly on the use of funds
  • Invest one-time ARRA funds thoughtfully to
    minimize the funding cliff

23
ED Four Priorities
  • Adopting internationally benchmarked standards
    and assessments that prepare students for success
    in college and the workplace
  • Recruiting, developing, rewarding and retaining
    effective teachers and principals
  • Building data systems that measure student
    success and inform teachers and principals how
    they can improve their practices
  • Turning around the lowest-performing schools

24
ED Race to the Top timeline
  • July 24 announcement made
  • Aug 28 comments due in response to draft
    criteria
  • (CTE and NASDCTEc submitted joint comments)
  • Fall 2009 applications accepted
  • January 2010 1st round applications due
  • April 2010 1st round of awards made
  • June 2010 2nd round of applications due
  • Sept 2010 2nd round of awards made

25
Department of Labor
  • Total funding of 3.95 billion including
  • 500 million - adult employment and training
    activities
  • 1.2 billion - youth activities, including summer
    employment programs for youth
  • 1.25 - dislocated worker employment and training
    activities

26
Department of Labor
  • 200 million - dislocated workers assistance
    national reserve
  • 50 million - YouthBuild activities
  • 750 million - competitive grants for worker
    training and placement in high growth and
    emerging industry sectors
  • 500 million set aside for training in careers in
    energy efficiency and renewable energy
  • Priority for remaining funds is health care sector

27
Elementary and Secondary Education Act (NCLB)
  • Largest federal elementary/secondary bill
  • Originally due to be reauthorized in 2007
  • Work stalled in the 110th Congress
  • New regulations issued from U.S. Education
    Department in late 2008
  • Secretary Duncan has called for action and
    Congress likely to respond but upcoming elections
    likely to stall progress

28
FY 2011 Budget Outlook
  • One word Grim
  • Increases in education funding will be very
    difficult
  • Budget experts believe that Congress needs to
    adopt a timeline to balance the budget through
    both revenue increases and spending reductions
  • Debt may continue to grow

29
FY 2010 Appropriations
  • FY 2010 Labor, Health and Human Services and
    Education bills signed into law in December, 2009
  • Total Labor, Health and Human Services and
    Education Appropriations increased by 8.5
    billion over FY 2009
  • Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education
    Act funded at FY 2009 levels- 1.3 billion

30
FY 2010 Appropriations
  • New initiatives were proposed in the Department
    of Education and the Department of Labor that
    could benefit CTE
  • 40 million for Green Jobs Innovation Fund
  • 45 million for a transitional jobs program
  • 50 million for High School Graduation Initiative

31
FY 2011 Presidents Budget
  • President Obama released his proposed budget on
    Monday, February 1, 2010
  • Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Act was
    funded at FY 2010 levels - 1.3 billion
  • The president proposes to consolidate Tech Prep
    with Basic State Grants.

32
FY 2011 Presidents Budget- Dept. of Education
Allocations
  • Programs in the Department of Education saw
    increases and changes
  • 38 programs were proposed for consolidation and
    six programs were eliminated
  • ESEA received a 3 billion increase, including an
    expansion of Race to the Top
  • Additional 1 billion for ESEA would be available
    by a budget amendment if Congress reauthorizes
    ESEA

33
FY 2011 Presidents Budget - Dept. of Education
Allocations
  • Maximum Pell Grant award proposed at 5,710 for
    low-income students
  • 10.6 billion proposed for pending Student Aid
    and Fiscal Responsibility Act (SAFRA)
  • 3.5 billion over five years proposed for the
    College Access and Completion Fund

34
FY 2011 Presidents Budget-Dept. of Education
Allocations
  • Additional Programs in the Department of
    Education budget that could have an impact on
    CTE
  • 500 million to continue the Investing in
    Innovation program
  • 25 million for a new STEM initiative in the Fund
    for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education
  • Consolidated College Pathways and Accelerated
    Learning program (not new funding composed of
    existing programs)
  • 612.3 million for Adult Basic and Literacy
    Education State Grants
  • 2.3 million for the Womens Educational Equity
    program to recruit women and girls to STEM
  • 30 million for the Workforce Innovation Fund

35
FY 2011 Presidents Budget
  • In the Department of Labor theme is Good Jobs
    for Everyone
  • 14 billion in discretionary spending, down from
    14.3 in FY 2010
  • 10.9 billion for the Employment and Training
    Administration

36
FY 2011 Presidents Budget- Dept. of Labor
Allocations
  • Programs that benefit CTE highlights
  • 85 million for Green Jobs Innovation Fund
  • 40 million for transitional jobs
  • 13.75 million for the department's data quality
    initiative
  • Funding for the Career Pathways Innovation Fund
    (formerly Community-based Job Training Grants)
    are eliminated and funds are moved to the
    American Graduation Initiative in the SAFRA
    legislation

37
Jobs for Main Street Act of 2010
  • House passed Jobs for Main Street Act of 2010
    (H.R. 2847) on December 16
  • This 154 billion legislation is crafted to
    create jobs and address the needs of the
    unemployed

38
Jobs for Main Street Act of 2010
  • Highlights of the House bill that could impact
    CTE
  • 4.1 billion for school renovation grants
  • 500 million for summer youth employment in the
    Workforce Investment Act
  • 300 million for college work study
  • 750 million for job training in high growth
    fields specifically green and health care
    industries
  • 23 billion for an education jobs fundthis money
    will be funneled through the American Recovery
    and Reinvestment Acts State Fiscal Stabilization
    Fund to help states save and create 250,000 new
    education jobs over two years

39
Jobs on Main Street Act of 2010-Speculation
  • President encouraged Senate to pass similar
    legislation to the House in his State of the
    Union Address
  • Senate will have to break the legislation into
    pieces due to lack of bi-partisan support and
    will focus on
  • Tax credits for businesses to hire new employees
  • Unemployment benefits
  • Investing in Americas infrastructure, including
    highway and school construction
  • Providing aid to states to hire and retain
    teachers, firefighters, and police officers

40
Workforce Investment Act (WIA)
  • Over 10 years since the bill was reauthorized
  • Bill died in 109th Congress and little action in
    the 110th Congress
  • Senate held listening sessions in late 2008 and
    spring 2009
  • House held hearings last year
  • Momentum has stalled (at least for the time
    being)

41
Administration WIA Priorities
  • Goals for WIA Reauthorization
  • Streamlining service delivery
  • One-stop shopping for high-quality services
  • Engaging with employers on a regional and/or
    sectoral basis
  • Improving accountability
  • Promoting innovation and identifying and
    replicating best practices.
  • Funding will increase for WIAs Adult, Youth and
    Dislocated Worker grants, however, will be set
    aside for Workforce Innovation Fund grants.

42
Energy Sustainability Priorities
  • Develop and fund programs which address need for
    high-wage, high demand careers
  • Train educators about new sustainable/green
    technologies
  • Modernize and upgrade CTE facilities and
    equipment
  • Support infusion of energy sustainability
    concepts throughout curriculum

43
GREEN Act
  • H.R. 1775 introduced March 30
  • Sponsored by Rep. Jerry McNerney
  • Grants to develop CTE programs of study and
    facilities in areas of renewable energy
  • Two components
  • Curriculum grants to partnerships
  • Facilities grants
  • Curriculum portions included in broader energy
    legislation passed by House

44
Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act (SAFRA)
  • Supports community colleges, technical colleges
    and CTE via American Graduation Initiative
  • Funds secondary and postsecondary educational
    facilities
  • Changes federal student loans to Direct Loan
    program in 2010 to pay for new programs
  • House passed H.R.3221 on 09/17/09 on a 253-171
    vote
  • Senate bill pending
  • Reconciliation process and health care a factor

45
Action Needed
  • Link CTE to critical issues
  • Dropout prevention and school improvement
  • Economic recovery
  • Postsecondary access and completion
  • Highlight data and stories that exemplify CTE
    relevancy
  • Use ACTE Issue Briefs research
  • Stay informed, build relationships and be ready
    to act!

46
ACTE Resources
  • Institute for 21st Century Leadership
  • Issue Briefs/Position Papers
  • CTE Policy Watch Blog
  • Research Clearinghouse Web page
  • Action Alerts
  • State Profiles
  • National Policy Seminar

47
  • Association for Career and Technical Education
  • 1410 King Street
  • Alexandria, VA 22314
  • (800) 826-9972
  • Web www.acteonline.org
  • jbray_at_acteonline.org
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