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Early History:

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Early History: Trial and Error (lay-referral network) Medical lore passed down from generation to generation Throughout history people have always turned to some type ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early History:


1
Early History
  • Trial and Error (lay-referral network)
  • Medical lore passed down from generation to
    generation
  • Throughout history people have always turned to
    some type of medicine man or physician for counsel

2
Ancient Cultures
  • Good hygiene practices
  • Paved streets, drains, sewer systems
  • Code of Hammurabi
  • Before science enabled us to determine pathogenic
    causes of disease, spiritual explanations and
    leadership prevailed

3
Greeks
  • Balance of physical, mental, and spiritual
  • Hippocrates and the
  • atomic theory (p.43)
  • Recorded observations
  • between disease and
  • geography, living conditions,
  • climate, and diet

4
Romans
  • Conquered the Greeks, but retained their medical
    knowledge
  • Exceptional builders of water and sewage systems
  • Attention to where they located towns and
    drainage
  • Advanced study of human anatomy and surgery

5
Middle Ages
  • In order for people to be protected, they built
    fortresses around their property and animals
  • Overcrowding and sanitation
  • Little emphasis on cleanliness in early
    Christianity
  • Disease was caused by sin or disobeying God
  • Time of great epidemics bubonic plague

6
Renaissance
  • Beginning of change
  • Disease and plague still rampant
  • Bloodletting popular
  • water casting
  • Barbers performed surgery and dentistry
  • Hygiene of royalty

7
Renaissance cont.
  • Printing press invented so classical writing
    could be reproduced
  • OK to study the human body and anatomy advanced
  • Leeuwenhoek discovered the microscope
  • John Graunt made advancement in epi
  • health boards began to be developed in
    communities

8
Age of Enlightenment
  • Disease and plagues still raged
  • Miasmas theory of disease took hold
  • Mind and body were dependent on one another
  • Edward Jenner discovered vaccine procedure for
    smallpox

9
1800s (Bacterial period of public Health)
  • First half of the century diseases continued to
    rage
  • 1842 Edwin Chadwicks
  • report
  • 1849 John Snow and
  • the Broad Street pump
  • Louis Pasteur Germ theory of disease
  • Joseph Lister antiseptic method

10
Health Education Promotion in the United States
  • Early colonial schools
  • 1647 Old Deluder law
  • By mid 1800s schools were tax supported and
    attendance was required
  • 1850 first mandate to teach physiology and
    hygiene in all public schools
  • 1850 - Shattuck Report

11
  • 1873 APHA started
  • 1874-1890 Womens Crusade, later called the
    Womens Christian Temperance Union
  • 1890s - medical inspections began
  • 1901- Thomas Wood

12
  • 1914 - Demonstration projects began
  • 1914 WWI, 1st large scale measure of health
    status of Americans
  • 1920s-1930s many studies designed to clarify
    the role of health education
  • Great Depression, 1929-1941
  • WWII, 1939-1945

13
  • 1950 Health Education was emerging as integral
    part of elementary, secondary, college
    curriculum

14
1970sThe Era of Prevention
  • 1971 Coalition of National Health Organizations
    formed
  • 1974 LaLonde Report
  • Health Field Concept
  • 1974 CDC was established
  • 1979 Healthy People The Surgeon Generals
    Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
    was published

15
1980s
  • Promoting Health Preventing Disease Objectives
    for the Nation
  • Initial Role Delineation study for Health
    Education
  • Examination of professional preparation programs
    and professional competencies
  • First Certified Health Education Specialists
    (CHES) recognized

16
1990s
  • National Health Education Standards published
  • Responsibilities/competencies for entry-level
    Health Educators published
  • SOC designation for Health Educators
  • Competencies Update Project (CUP)

17
2000s
  • Unified Code of Ethics
  • Report of Joint Committee on Health Education
    Promotion Terminology
  • Promotion of CHES
  • Revised national HE competencies (3 levels) based
    on CUP
  • Outcome-Based Education Practice
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