The Eastern Empire Survives and Europe Emerges - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Eastern Empire Survives and Europe Emerges PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 7eda9e-OTFkM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Eastern Empire Survives and Europe Emerges

Description:

The Eastern Empire Survives and Europe Emerges The Empire Splits Roman Empire had been divided into East/West by Diocletian Eastern Portion with the capital at ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:63
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: Vance4
Learn more at: http://schools.birdville.k12.tx.us
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Eastern Empire Survives and Europe Emerges


1
The Eastern Empire Survives and Europe Emerges
2
The Empire Splits
  • Roman Empire had been divided into East/West by
    Diocletian
  • Eastern Portion with the capital at
    Constantinople, became the center for
    Christianity

3
Fall of Rome
  • Western portion of the Roman empire including
    Rome is overrun by invasion of Germanic groups
    around 450-470
  • Eastern portion remains untouched

4
Germanic Kingdoms
  • Germanic kingdoms began popping up all over the
    western portion of the old Roman Empire.
  • Western Europe experienced time of chaos,
    disorder, and darkness under Germanic rule

5
Germanic Destruction
  • Germans considered barbarians and brutal
    conquerors murdering, raping, and turning
    victims into slaves
  • The great cities and city systems of the old
    empire fell apart
  • Little trade or communication existed with other
    areas of the world
  • Food production dropped causing starvation and
    reports of cannibalism

6
Germanic Destruction
  • Learning nearly disappeared in the barbarian West
  • Most people grew up illiterate
  • Only the Catholic Church provided hope or
    security for the people.

7
Germanic Society
  • Only Germanic Kingdom to last long was lead by
    Clovis who had converted to Christianity around
    500 winning himself support from the Roman
    Catholic Church
  • Germans and Romans intermarried creating a new
    society with new customs
  • Extended families center of German society living
    together and working together

8
Germanic Justice
  • German concept of family affected crime and
    punishment
  • Germanic laws were personal and often led to
    blood shed
  • Wergild (money for a man) wrongdoers literally
    paid for their crimes
  • Ordeal-physical trial based on diving intervention

9
The Church
  • End of the 4th century Christianity is the
    supreme religion of the Roman Empire.
  • The church develops a system of organization

10
Organization of the Church
  • Pope-leader of the Catholic Church
  • Archbishop-leader of multiple bishops
  • Bishop-leader of a group of parishes
  • Pope had various powers and would later become
    involved in politics (Pope Gregory I)

11
Monks
  • Monasteries begin popping up
  • Monks isolated themselves concentrating on work
    and prayer.

12
Charlemagne
  • Frankish king from 768-814.
  • Strong warrior and statesmen
  • Strongly supported learning even though he was
    illiterate
  • Expanded Frankish Kingdom creating the
    Carolingian Empire
  • 800 crowned emperor of Rome symbolizing coming
    together Christian Rome and the Germanics.

13
Empire Falls
  • Charlemagnes empire falls apart after his death
    in 814
  • Various groups invade including Muslims, Magyars,
    and Vikings

14
Feudalism
15
Feudalism
  • Invaders caused a threat to people
  • Aristocrats and nobles expected to provide
    protection
  • Leads to political and social idea of feudalism

16
Feudalism
  • Germanic society used the idea of vassalage
  • Man who served a lord militarily was a vassal
  • Wealth based on landownership so when nobles
    wanted men to fight for them they granted them a
    fief
  • Vassal would have political authority over fief
    and be responsible for keeping order
  • Feudal contracts determined the relationship
    between lord and vassal

17
Feudal Obligations
Vassal to Lord military service, advice,
financial obligation Lord to Vassal land grant,
protect him militarily and in court
18
England in the Middle Ages
  • Anglo-Saxon kings ruled England up until the 9th
    century
  • 1066 William of Normandy defeats King Harold of
    England at Battle Hastings
  • William crowned king of England and slowly merges
    the Norman and Saxon cultures

19
William of Normandy
  • William develops system of taxation and royal
    courts (Domesday Book)
  • Domesday Book first census taken since Roman times

20
King Henry II (1154-1189)
  • Strengthened the English Monarchy and expanded
    royal courts power
  • Courts all over the land so created a body of
    common law
  • Believed he had the right to punish clergy as
    well
  • Archbishop Thomas a Becket disagreed and was
    later killed
  • Death of Becket caused public outrage so Henry
    backed off

21
Magna Carta 1215
  • Overtime kings powers kept growing
  • 1215 nobles rebel against King John
  • King John forced to sign Magna Carta or Great
    Charter
  • Magna Carta limits the power of the monarch and
    would lead to the creation of the English
    Parliament under King Edward I (1st Rep. Gov. in
    England)
  • House of Lords and House of Commons (taxes/passed
    laws)

House of lords-nobles/clergy House of
Commons-Knights and peasants
22
The Byzantine Empire
  • Constantinople became a wealthy trading center
  • Even though the people still called themselves
    Romans this is referred to as the Byzantine
    Empire (500-1453)

23
Importance of 1453
  • 1453 marks the year that the Christian city of
    Constantinople fell to the Muslim Turks who
    renamed it Istanbul.

24
Justinian (527-565)
  • Considered the greatest emperor of the Byzantine
    Empire
  • Expanded territory of the empire to North Africa,
    Sicily, Italy, and Southern Spain
  • Contributions included the Church of Haga Sophia
    and Justinians Law Code

25
Justinians Law Code
  • Reformed and coded all Roman Law
  • Organized laws and put them in a unified form
  • Results in The Body of Civil Law
  • Lasts until end of eastern empire and influences
    European and American legal codes
About PowerShow.com