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Chapter%20Twenty-Three%20Lecture%20Two

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Chapter Twenty-Three Lecture Two The Etruscan Dynasty and the Wicked Tullia Etruscan Dynasty / Wicked Tullia Servius Tullius (the slave s son) becomes king of Rome ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter%20Twenty-Three%20Lecture%20Two


1
Chapter Twenty-ThreeLecture Two
  • The Etruscan Dynasty and the Wicked Tullia

2
Etruscan Dynasty / Wicked Tullia
  • Servius Tullius (the slaves son) becomes king of
    Rome
  • Signs of destiny when flames danced around his
    head
  • His daughters, two Tullias
  • Both married to sons of the previous king,
    Tarquin the Elder
  • One Tullia has an affair with Tarquin the Proud,
    her brother-in-law

3
Etruscan Dynasty / Wicked Tullia
  • Tarquin the Proud kills his own wife, the other
    Tullia and kills the husband of his lover Tullia.
  • They overthrow and murder the elderly Servius
    Tullius

4
Lucretia and the End of Monarchy
5
Lucretia and the End of Monarchy
  • Lucretia is the virtuous wife of Tarquin
    Collatinus
  • Sextus Tarquin, a son of Tarquin Superbus, rapes
    her
  • Lucretia denounces Tarquin kills herself out of
    shame in front of her father, husband, and others
  • Also there is Lucius Junius Brutus

6
Lucretia and the End of Monarchy
  • Brutus reveals that he is not stupid and
    rallies the people to overthrow and end
    monarchies in Rome
  • The Republic is established (traditionally date
    to 510 BC)

7
The Etruscans
8
The Etruscans
  • Rome has deep cultural roots in the Etruscans
  • City plan, cult places, and institutions
  • Tarquin built the first Temple to Jupiter on the
    Capitoline Hill.
  • Much of what the Roman inherit from Greece came
    through the Etruscans
  • Religious practices
  • fulguriator, haruspex, hecatoscopy
  • Perhaps the gladiatorial games came from the
    Etruscans

9
Heroes of the Early Republic
  • Brutus and his Sons

10
Brutus and his Sons
  • He who kisses his mother first . . .
  • Allowed his own sons to be killed for treason
  • Died in battle for Rome

11
Horatius at the Bridge
  • Lars Porsenna
  • Horatius Coclas defended the bridge until the last

12
Mucius Scaevola
  • Thrust his hand into the fire, proving his
    courage to die for Rome
  • Porsenna withdrew
  • Scaevola (lefty)

13
Other Patriotic Heroes
  • Coriolanus
  • But later fell out of favor because of his
    contempt of common men
  • Brings a foreign army (Volscians) against Rome,
    but the pleas of his wife persuaded him to
    withdraw

14
Other Patriotic Heroes
  • Cincinnatus
  • Accepted the imperium only long enough to avert
    the crisis, but then set it down and returned to
    his plow

15
Myth and Public Display at Rome
16
Myth and Public Display at Rome
  • The Triumph
  • Rome He (Augustus) found it in brick, but left
    it in marble.
  • The Great Forum
  • Campus Martius
  • Horologium Augusti

17
An Imaginary Past Preserves the Present
18
Past Preserves the Present
  • Roman government remarkably stable while the
    world around it changed
  • Rule was violent, but it provided stability and
    security
  • Its understanding of the moral nature of its
    history provided its tenacity the selfless
    devotion of its founders and equality
  • Even the emperor was referred to only as princeps

19
End
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