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People

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Title: People


1
People
Global Review
2
Who am I?
  • I set up a secular (worldly) government in
    Turkey.
  • I westernized industry, schools culture.
  • I am the Father of Modern Turkey.
  • I suppressed the Kurds revolts for autonomy
    (self-rule).
  • Ataturk

3
Who am I?
  • I became the leader of Iran after the Iranian
    Revolution.
  • I set up a strict Islamic Fundamentalist
    government.
  • I banned all western technology ideas.
  • I used terrorism kidnapped 52 American
    hostages.
  • I fought Iraq for 8 years.
  • Ayatollah Khomeini

4
Who am I?
  • I am Henry the 8ths
  • daughter.
  • I made England a world
  • power.
  • I defeated the Spanish
  • Armada.
  • I encouraged trade
  • nationalism.
  • I allowed limited religious
  • toleration.
  • Elizabeth I

5
Who am I?
  • I believe that people were born with natural
    rights- life, liberty property.
  • I am an Enlightened thinker who believes it is a
    rulers job to protect natural rights.
  • I believe the people should overthrow the ruler
    if he doesnt protect these rights.
  • I believe in democracy.
  • I encouraged the American, French Latin
    American Revolutions.
  • John Locke

6
Who am I?
  • I wrote the Wealth of Nations.
  • I believe in laissez-faire economics (govt. keeps
    hands off).
  • I believe in a free market economy.
  • I believe supply demand competition will
    solve economic problems.
  • I believe in private ownership of businesses.
  • Adam Smith

7
Who am I?
  • I was the leader of Iran before the Iranian
    Revolution.
  • I introduced Western ideas technology.
  • I had schools indoctrinate children with western
    ways.
  • I built expensive buildings had elaborate
    parties while the majority of people lived
    poorly.
  • Shah Pahlavi

8
Who am I?
  • I wrote The Prince a handbook for rulers.
  • I gave advice on how to increase hold power.
  • I said, The ends justifies the means.
  • I said, Its better to be feared than loved.
  • I believe that rulers should be cruel not kind.
  • I will be quoted on your global essay about
    leaders!!!
  • Machiavelli

9
Who am I?
  • I was the communist leader of U.S.S.R. after
    Lenin.
  • I put peasants on collective farms.
  • I had 5 Year Plans to increase agricultural
    output, heavy industry military.
  • I killed my opposition in the Great Purge.
  • I would not let Germany be united put a
    blockade around Berlin.
  • Josef Stalin

10
Who am I?
  • I was the leader of Iraq.
  • I was supported by the U.S. in an 8 year war with
    Iran.
  • I invaded Kuwait started the Persian Gulf War
    (Operation Desert Storm).
  • I used violence chemical warfare to suppress
    the Kurds revolt for autonomy.
  • I refused to let U.N. weapons inspectors in to
    check for weapons of mass destruction.
  • Saddam Hussein

11
Who am I?
  • I was the leader of the communist Soviet Union.
  • My policy of glasnost (openness) perestroika
    (restructuring of the govt.) led to the break up
    of the U.S.S.R.
  • Eastern European satellites became independent
    while I was leader.
  • Gorbachev

12
Who am I?
  • I began the Protestant Reformation.
  • I wrote the 95 Theses to criticize the RCC.
  • The sale of indulgences, the Bible in Latin not
    the vernacular (everyday language) the corrupt
    lifestyles of the clergy were my main complaints.
  • The printing press helped spread my ideas.
  • I started the Lutheran religion(Protestant
    Christianity).
  • Martin Luther

13
Who am I?
  • The R.C.C. would not annul my marriage I wanted
    a male heir.
  • I created the Anglican Church of England
    (Protestant).
  • I seized Catholic property money.
  • I had 6 wives Divorced, Beheaded, Died,
    Divorced, Beheaded, Survived.
  • Henry VIII (8th)

14
Who am I?
  • I wrote the Communist Manifesto because of the
    poor working conditions of the Industrial
    Revolution.
  • I believe that violent class struggle is
    inevitable.
  • I believe that capitalism created class struggle
    poverty.
  • My ideas were used in the U.S.S.R., China,
    Vietnam Cuba.
  • Karl Marx

15
Who am I?
  • I am the Sun King the center of life.
  • I spent too much money building the Palace at
    Versailles.
  • I fought costly wars lost land in North
    America.
  • I used mercantilism to improve the economy.
  • I threw the Heugonauts (Protestants) out of
    France it hurt our economy.
  • French language, fashion cooking become popular
    throughout Europe.
  • Louis XIV (14)

16
Who am I?
  • I was the leader of the Bolshevik party
    (Communist) in Russia.
  • I returned from exile led the Russian
    Revolution Peace, Land Bread Nov. 1917
  • I became the first communist leader of the
    U.S.S.R.
  • My New Economic Policy (N.E.P.) allowed some
    elements of capitalism.
  • Lenin

17
Who am I?
  • I seized power in a coup detat.
  • I conquered all of Europe except England
    Russia.
  • My Napoleonic Code made men equal before the law,
    guaranteed religious freedom reduced the power
    of the R.C.C.
  • I invaded Russia failed due to their scorched
    earth policy.
  • I was exiled to Elba and escaped to fight at the
    Battle of Waterloo (which I lost).
  • I was exiled a second time to St. Helens where I
    died.
  • Napoleon.I was not that short ?

18
Who am I?
  • I continued communist rule in China.
  • My program the 4 Modernizations allowed limited
    capitalism to help the economy.
  • I instituted the One Child Policy.
  • I suppressed a pro-democracy revolt in Tiananmen
    Square.
  • Deng Xiaoping

19
Who am I?
  • I am a militant anti-apartheid leader of the
    A.N.C. in Africa.
  • I wanted the black majority to have equality in
    their own country.
  • I was sentenced to life in prison was released
    after 27 years by F.W. de Klerk.
  • I was elected president in 1994.
  • Nelson Mandela

20
Who am I?
  • I peacefully fought for independence for India.
  • I used civil disobedience non-violent disobeying
    of unjust laws.
  • My followers I marched to the sea to protest
    the British monopoly on salt.
  • I was a Hindu but wanted to end discrimination
    based on the caste system.
  • I wanted Hindus Muslims to live peacefully
    fasted when they did not.
  • I was assassinated by a Hindu extremist.
  • Mahatma Gandhi

21
Who am I?
  • Leader of China after Sun Yixians death.
  • Forced Mao Zedong on a Long March.
  • I joined up with Mao to fight the Japanese.
  • After WWII, civil war resumes Mao forced me
    the Guomindong out of China to Taiwan.
  • I set up a democratic/capitalist government in
    Taiwan (Asian Tiger).
  • Jiang Jieshi (Chang Kai Shek)

22
Who am I?
  • I want to end foreign control of Vietnam.
  • I am the leader of the Viet Cong.
  • I use guerilla tactics.
  • I led the Communist Revolution in Vietnam the
    U.S. backed the South Vietnamese.
  • The U.S. pulled out of Vietnam in 1975 Vietnam
    was reunited.
  • Ho Chi Minh

23
Who am I?
  • I led a revolt against the Manchu Dynasty in
    China.
  • I believed in the Three Principles of the
    People-Nationalism, Democracy, Livilihood.
  • I was elected President of China in 1911 ending
    1,000s of years of rule by dynasties.
  • Jiang Jieshi took control after my death.
  • Sun Yixian

24
Who am I?
  • I am called The Liberator or The George
    Washington of Latin America.
  • I am a nationalist leader who opposes
    imperialism.
  • I organized military to help Venezuela, Columbia,
    Peru, Ecuador Bolivia gain their independence
    from Spain.
  • I was influenced by the Enlightenment writers
    the success of the American French Revolutions.
  • My dream of Gran Columbia ended when civil wars
    erupted.
  • Simon Bolivar

25
Who am I?
  • I am the founder of the Chinese Communist party.
  • I went on forced Long March to flee Jiang Jieshi
    was kind to peasants.
  • I drove Jiang Jieshi out of China in 1949.
  • My Little Red Book contained communist beliefs.
  • My Great Leap Forward tried to increase heavy
    industry agriculture (failure).
  • I asked the Red Guard to attack people who were
    not communist enough in the Cultural Revolution.
  • Mao Zedong

26
Who am I?
  • I led the Communist Revolution in Cuba.
  • I improved education, built homes hospitals
    nationalized foreign-owned businesses.
  • I allied Cuba with the Soviet Union in the Cold
    War.
  • Hot spots Bay of Pigs the Cuban Missile
    Crisis. JFK vs. Khruschev
  • Fidel Castro

27
Who am I?
  • I used the telescope to prove the heliocentric
    theory (sun-centered universe).
  • I challenged the authority of the Roman Catholic
    Church.
  • I was accused of being a heretic put on house
    arrest.
  • Galileo

28
Who am I?
  • I was the Russian czarina who killed her husband
    took control.
  • I gained a warm-water port on the Black Sea.
  • I partitioned (divided) Poland.
  • I was an Enlightened Despot, but I didnt want to
    give up any of my power.
  • Catherine the Great

29
Who am I?
  • I am an Italian Renaissance Man.
  • I painted the Mona Lisa the Last Supper.
  • I dissect bodies to learn how the body moved.
  • Leonardo da Vinci

30
Who am I?
  • I am an Italian who traveled to China.
  • I visited the court of Kublai Khan.
  • I wrote about what I saw created an interest in
    the East.
  • Marco Polo

31
Who am I?
  • I am the great Muslim traveler.
  • I visited Egypt, Asia Minor, India China.
  • I wrote about the things that I saw.
  • Ibn Battuta

32
Who am I?
  • I invented movable type for the printing press.
  • The printing press helped spread the ideas of the
    Protestant Reformation.
  • My invention increased literacy.
  • The first book published was the Bible.
  • Johann Gutenberg

33
Who am I?
  • I was the Frankish emperor in 800 C.E.
  • I was the Bright Light in the Dark Ages.
  • I was the most important ruler of the Middle
    Ages.
  • After my death, my sons could not keep my empire
    together and Europe fell to feudalism.
  • Charlemagne

34
Who am I?
  • I was the ruler of the African kingdom of Mali in
    the 1300s.
  • I went on a hajj to Mecca in a camel caravan.
  • I threw gold at the passerbys devalued gold for
    20 years.
  • Mansa Musa

35
Who am I?
  • I am an autocrat in the Byzantine Empire.
  • I sent a team of scholars to gather and organize
    the ancient laws of Rome.
  • I created a code of laws based on Roman Law.
  • Innocent until proven guilty.
  • I had the church of Hagia Sophia built Holy
    Wisdom.
  • Emperor Justinian

36
Who am I?
  • I am a great nomadic horseman and bowman. Stir
    ups
  • I conquered areas of China Russia.
  • I started the Mongol dynasty in the 1100s C.E.
  • My name means World Emperor.
  • Genghis Khan

37
Who am I?
  • I am the greatest Mughal ruler in India.
  • I strengthened the central government had the
    largest empire in the world in the 1500s.
  • I modernized the army, increased trade
    introduced land reform.
  • I promoted religious tolerance.
  • I am an ABSOLUTE ruler.
  • Akbar the Great

38
Who am I?
  • I am an emperor in the Roman Empire (300s C.E).
  • I built Constantinople at the trade crossroads
    between Europe, Asia Africa.
  • I granted freedom of worship to Christians.
  • Emperor Constantine

39
Who am I?
  • I am a German Monk who was angry at the
    corruption in the Roman Catholic Church.
  • I posted the 95 Theses (complaints) on a church
    door.
  • I disagree with the practice of selling
    indulgences.
  • I started the Protestant Reformation.
  • I ended Christian unity.
  • Martin Luther

40
Who am I?
  • I am the first emperor of China (221 - 206
    B.C.E.) Qin Dynasty.
  • I had the Great Wall of China built to protect
    China from invading Mongols to the north.
  • I had a Terracotta Army built to accompany me to
    the afterworld.
  • Shi Huangdi

41
Who am I?
  • I was the French king in 1789.
  • My wife (Marie Antoinette) I spent too much
    money and put France into debt.
  • My last name is Bourbon.
  • I was executed during the Reign of Terror.
  • Louis XVI (16)

42
Who am I?
  • I am an Enlightened thinker who believed that
    government should be divided into 3 branches.
  • Executive, Judicial Legislative.
  • Checks Balances so no one branch of government
    can become too powerful.
  • Montesquieu

43
Who am I?
  • I was the Russian czar in the 1600s.
  • I westernized Russia with the ways of Europe.
  • Men had to shave their beards or pay a beard tax.
  • I built a city in my honor on a swamp.
  • I claimed a port on the Baltic Sea.
  • Peter the Great

44
Who am I?
  • I led the Bolsheviks (majority) party in the
    Russian Revolution.
  • I had the Romanov family executed.
  • I founded the U.S.S.R.
  • My New Economic Policy (N.E.P.) helped the Soviet
    Union take baby steps to communism.
  • VI Lenin

45
Who am I?
  • I am Babylons powerful ruler that conquered much
    of the Mesopotamia.
  • I am credited for the first major collection of
    laws in history.
  • My code of laws were not equal for the rich and
    the poor.
  • An eye for an eye.
  • King Hammurabi

46
Who am I?
  • I am Chandraguptas grandson in India.
  • I am called the Philosopher King.
  • I converted to Buddhism ruled by moral example
    rather than by violence.
  • I sent Buddhist missionaries throughout India.
  • I am tolerant of other religious beliefs.
  • My rule brought peace prosperity.
  • Asoka

47
Who am I?
  • I am an Athenian statesman (460 429 B.C.E.).
  • Under my rule, Athens developed direct democracy.
  • Slaves and women were not allowed to vote.
  • My funeral oration was all about how great
    democracy is.
  • Pericles

48
Who am I?
  • I am a great conqueror from Macedonia. (300s
    B.C.E.)?
  • I built an empire that extending from Greece,
    Egypt, Persia India. (PIGE)?
  • Through cultural diffusion, the new Hellenistic
    culture emerged.
  • Alexander the Great

49
Who am I?
  • I was the dictator of the Roman Republic in 48
    B.C.E.
  • I instituted reforms like the calendar, land to
    the poor gave his soldiers power.
  • Veni, Vidi, Vici I came, I saw, I conquered.
  • I was assassinated on March 15, 44 C.E. by
    members of the Senate. The Ides of March
  • Julius Caesar

50
Who am I?
  • I was called the Scourge of God by Christians
    in the 400s C.E.
  • I was a nomadic warrior who savagely conquered
    much of Europe.
  • I helped in the fall of Rome.
  • Attila the Hun

51
Who am I?
  • I was the emperor of Rome during the Pax Romana
    (Roman Peace 200 years).
  • My name is Octavian but I am called the Exalted
    One.
  • Under my rule Rome became an empire.
  • I took a census, or population count, to make the
    tax system more fair.
  • Augustus Caesar

52
Who am I?
  • My name was Siddhartha Gautama.
  • I am the Enlightened One.
  • The Four Noble Truths are the basis for my
    philosophy.
  • To reach Nirvana, follow the Eightfold Path.
  • My teachings were collected in the Tripitaka, or
    Three Baskets of Wisdom.
  • Buddha

53
Who am I?
  • I was born in 551 B.C.E. and became one of
    Chinas most influential philosophers.
  • People must accept their given place in society.
    5 Relationships.
  • People must respect their parents and their
    elders Filial Piety.
  • Confucius

54
Who am I?
  • My name sounds like a bad way to feel.
  • My philosophy is to live in harmony with nature.
  • You must contemplate the way of the universe.
  • The balance of the universe depends on the
    harmony of yin and yang.
  • Laozi

55
Who am I?
  • I was born in Mecca in 570 C.E.
  • I am an Arab who is the prophet of Allah.
  • I had to leave Mecca for Medina on a journey know
    as the hijra (hegira).
  • Muslims must follow the Five Pillars.
  • The Quran is the sacred text and the Sharia is
    the body of laws.
  • Muhammad

56
Who am I?
  • I was a Renaissance Man who was a sculptor,
    engineer, poet, painter, and architect.
  • I painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and
    went temporarily blind from paint in my eyes.
  • I sculpted the statue of David.
  • Michelangelo

57
Who am I?
  • Spain financed my voyage.
  • I was the first explorer to circumnavigate the
    globe.
  • To circumnavigate is to go completely around the
    globe.
  • Ferdinand Magellan

58
Who am I?
  • I centralized royal power and introduced Russia
    to extreme absolute power.
  • I used a secret police force to enforce my will.
  • The secret police dressed in black robes and
    slaughtered rebellious nobles destroyed towns.
  • I was so terrible I even killed my own son.
  • Ivan the Terrible

59
Who are We?
  • Parliament had a Glorious Revolution to overthrow
    James II. There was no blood shed.
  • We signed the English Bill of Rights limiting the
    power of the King.
  • England became a limited monarchy.
  • Habeas Corpus stated that no person could be held
    in jail without first being charged with a crime.
  • William and Mary

60
Who are We?
  • We are a group of liberals in the 1890s.
  • We wanted to strengthen the Ottoman empire and
    the threat of western imperialism.
  • In 1908, we overthrew the Turkish sultan and took
    control of the government.
  • Young Turks

61
Who am I?
  • In 1854, I sailed into the Japanese port at Edo
    with American warships.
  • I presented a letter to the Japanese from the
    United States president, Millard Fillmore.
  • We asked the Japanese to open ports to trade.
  • The Treaty of Kanagawa opened 2 ports and ended
    the Tokugawa isolation.
  • Commodore Matthew Perry

62
Who am I?
  • I am the founder of the Fascist party.
  • I pledged to solve Italys post WW1 problems
    strengthen Italy.
  • I hate communists!!!
  • I used force terror to control Italy.
  • The goals of the state are more important than
    the individual.
  • Benito Mussolini

63
Who am I?
  • I was the prime minister of Great Britain during
    WW2.
  • I rallied the British people to stay strong
    against the blitz.
  • Winston Churchill

64
Who am I?
  • I am a kikuyu who fought for the independence of
    Kenya.
  • The Mau Mau used violence to reach their goal.
  • I was thrown in jail by the British imperialists.
  • When I was released from jail I became the first
    prime minister of an independent Kenya.
  • Jomo Kenyatta

65
Who am I?
  • I organized a political party to fight for
    Ghanas (Gold Coast) independence.
  • I was inspired by Gandhi and used strikes and
    boycotts to battle the British.
  • In 1957 I became prime minister renamed the
    Gold Coast- Ghana for its traditional roots.
  • In 1963 I organized the Organization of African
    Unity (OAU) to promote Pan-Africanism and the end
    of colonialism in Africa.
  • Kwame Nkrumah

66
Who am I?
  • I was the leader of the Khmer Rouge, Cambodian
    communist guerrillas.
  • I led a reign of terror to remove all western
    influence from Cambodia.
  • More than a million Cambodians were killed.
  • Pol Pot

67
Who am I?
  • I led an organization that represented many
    Palestinian groups.
  • We use terrorist tactics and guerrilla warfare
    against our enemies.
  • I signed a historic agreement with Yitzhak Rabin
    that gave Palestinians in Gaza Jericho limited
    self-rule.
  • Yasir Arafat

68
Who am I?
  • I was a working man in communist Poland where
    economic hardships caused labor unrest.
  • I organized Solidarity, an independent trade
    union was arrested.
  • Solidarity had millions of members calling for
    political change.
  • In 1989, I became president in the first free
    elections.
  • Lech Walesa

69
Who am I?
  • Opposition politician and chairperson of the
    National League for Democracy (NLD) in Burma.
  • Under house arrest for almost 15 years
  • World's most prominent political prisoner.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Aung San Suu Kyi
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