Japan - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation
Title:

Japan

Description:

Japan s Modern History After the Destruction MacArthur is named Supreme Allied Commander of the Pacific and begins the occupation of Japan US Occupation-MacArthur ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:274
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 38
Provided by: GCPS4
Category:
Tags: japan | surrender

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Japan


1
Japans Modern History
2
  • The emperor through out most of the Twentieth
    Century was __________________

Emperor Hirohito
3
Japan Annexes Korea
4
Japan Very Mountainous Little Arable Land
5
Japan and the United States
6
Japan does not have a lot of usable land
7
Japan Is a Player in China
8
Review 1) Manchuria Incident (1931)
Ultranationalist take over democracy, military
fakes attack on Jap. railroad in Chinese
Manchuria, Jap invades. 2) Japan Invades Rest of
China (1937) KMT forced to join with CCP to
fight Japan.
9
Competition from Another Pacific Power Is on
the Horizon
10
The U. S. Great White Fleet
11
But, Japanese Power Would Grow . . .
12
  • Emperor Hirohito was the man that ordered the
    attack on __________ which forced the US to join
    WWII.

Pearl Harbor
13
ANSWER Natural Resources
What was the reason for the attack on Pearl
Harbor???
HINT (IT HAD SOMETHING TO DO WITH GEOGRAPHY)
14
Japans Vision of the World
Japan
Germany Italy
United States
15

14) 8/1942-4/1945 Island Hopping US takes
islands to island, est. airbases as they
go.
16

15) 10/1944 Battle of Leyte Gulf Jap.
employlose every last ship, 1st kamkazes used,
only Jap. army left (largest naval battle in
history Jap. lose 4 carriers, 3 battleships, 8
cruisers, 12 destroyers)
17
Japanese Kamikaze PlanesThe Scourge of the
South Pacific
Kamikaze Pilots
Suicide Bombers
18

16) 2/1945 Yalta Conference Big 3 discuss wars
end a) USSR promises to E. Europe have
elections b) Join war against Jap. 90 days after
Ger. defeat c) USSR will get control over part of
Ger. (part of Berlin) part of Asia
19

17) 4/1945 Invasion of Berlin a) USSR reaches
Berlin first, followed by USUK. b) Hitler
commits suicide VE Day 5/08/1945 c) 100,000
Germans raped by USSR troops (USSR never
punished for this) d) Capital Berlin divided in
4 US/UK/USSR/France
20

Title WWII Asia 2) 1945 Cold War Begins As
Axis falls, fear of USSR (Communism) rise. USSR
likely to keep control of any land they
invade.
21

18) All of 1945 Japanese Firebombing US bombs
Jap. cities, 80,000 to 100,000 each run.
22
  • Title WWII Asia
  • 2-4/1945 Battle of Iwo Jima Okinawa US
    invasion of Jap. home islands, only Jap. army
    left, but suicidal resistance
  • (30-80 US casualty rate).

23
I hear that the enemy is boasting of his demand
for unconditional surrender of Japan.
Unconditional surrender means that our national
structure and our people will be destroyed.
Against such boastful talk there is only one
measure we must take, to fight to the last. Pr.
Suzuki, 6/09/1945
24
Despite great loses in men and equipment,
Japan continued to fight savagely. US
fighter pilots also fought on the side of
the Chinese of which they called
themselves the Fighting Tigers. The
US flew supplies over the Himalayas to help
the Nationalist Chinese fight against
Japan One by one, the US began recapturing
islands from the Japanese The US became convinced
that only a direct invasion of Japan would lead
to an end to the war. The US estimated that it
would lose 1 million men in the invasion
25

7/1945 Atomic Bomb New US Pres. Truman notified
2 bil (08 25 bil) bomb project
successful
26
Col. Paul Tibbets The A-Bomb
27

Title WWII Asia 8/06/1945 Hiroshima
Warned of utter destruction if no surrender, no
response, 140,000 die.
28
Hiroshima August 6, 1945
70,000 killed immediately. 48,000 buildings.
destroyed. 100,000s died of radiation poisoning
cancer later.
29
We are in possession of the most destructive
explosive ever devised by man. A single one of
our newly developed atomic bombs is actually the
equivalent in explosive power to what 2000 of our
giant B-29s can carry on a single mission. This
awful fact is one for you to ponder and we
solemnly assure you it is grimly accurate. We
have just begun to use this weapon against your
homeland. If you still have any doubt, make
inquiry as to what happened to Hiroshima we ask
that you now petition the Emperor to end the war.
Our president has outlined for you the thirteen
consequences of an honorable surrender.
30
Nagasaki August 9, 1945
40,000 killed immediately. 60,000
injured. 100,000s died ofradiation poisoning
cancer later.
31
Japanese A-Bomb Survivors
32

Notes 14b, Title WWII Asia 7) 8/15/1945
Japan Surrenders Emperor Hirohito orders
surrender. US General MacArthur controls
Jap.
33
(No Transcript)
34
After the Destruction
MacArthur is named Supreme Allied Commander of
the Pacific and begins the occupation of Japan
35
US Occupation-MacArthur
Does not try Hirohito for war crimes because he
is a popular figure for the people of
Japan. Begins food relief efforts for the people
of Japan at the cost of over a million dollars a
day. Helps set up a democracy by helping draft a
US style constitution-Hirohito is a figure head
but has no real power. Insist that Japan be
allowed into trade alliances.
36
Postwar Japan
  • The Allies, under the command of US General
    Douglas MacArthur, oversaw
  • Japan and the drafting of a new
  • constitution after WWII.
  • The new constitution established a democratic
    government, reduced the size of Japans military
    to a defensive force, and allowed for a modified
    version of the emperor. It also guaranteed
    certain human rights and extended women the right
    to vote.
  • In 1951, Japan became independent again. However,
    it kept a close relationship with the US.
  • The US poured lots of money into rebuilding Japan
    and helped it grow economically. Today, Japan is
    one of the wealthiest and economically strongest
    nations in the world.

37
Outcomes for Japan
Japan has a modern economic miracle. Best
educated work force in the world. Women granted
rights Old power structure, and class system
broken down and replaced. Peasants could and did
own property. Democracy still reigns to this
day.
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com