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Introduction to Oceans

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Introduction to Oceans Mrs. Spicer What is Oceanography? A scientific study of the oceans Covers a wide range of disciplines such as: biology, chemistry, geology ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Oceans


1
Introduction to Oceans
  • Mrs. Spicer

2
What is Oceanography?
  • A scientific study of the oceans
  • Covers a wide range of disciplines such as
    biology, chemistry, geology, physics, mathematics
    and engineering.

3
  • The science of
  • understanding oceans
  • how they work
  • how they began
  • how they affect us
  • the creatures that live in them
  • how they may be impacted by changes caused by
    human influences

4
Why study Oceanography?
  • The ocean represents different things to
    different people.
  • Examples
  • Careers (fisherman)
  • Food Source (Fishing and aquaculture)
  • Oil and Gas Exploration (hydrocarbons)
  • Transportation
  • Recreation
  • Tidal Power (Alternative energy source)
  • Water supply
  • Minerals (coals, magnesium, iron etc)
  • Habitation (cruise ships, house boats etc)
  • Dangers (Tsunamis, storm surges, property)

5
Vocabulary
  • Ocean - a large body of salt water constituting a
    principal part of the Earth
  • Sea - a large body of salty water that is often
    connected to an ocean. It may be partly or
    completely surrounded by land.
  • Bay - an indentation of a shoreline larger than a
    cove but smaller than a gulf

6
  • Gulf - an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed
    by land larger than a bay
  • Strait - a navigable channel of water that
    connects two larger bodies of water
  • Channel - a passage for water (or other fluids)
    to flow through. Usually man-made.

7
  • River - a large, flowing body of water that
    usually empties into a sea or ocean.
  • Lake - a large body of water surrounded by land
    on all sides. Really large lakes are often called
    seas.

8
Ocean Facts
  • Lets look at some facts about the oceans!
  • Your Task
  • Read Ocean Planet Oceanographic Facts sheet
    and answer the questions that follow.
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