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Indirect Objects

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Title: Indirect Objects


1
Indirect Objects
2
Lets Review
  • The Direct Object answers the question WHO or
    WHAT after the verb.
  • When we identify the Direct Object we can replace
    it with a pronoun.
  • The pronoun can be placed in the following
    locations
  • Before the conjugated verb
  • Attached to an infinitive verb
  • Attached to the progressive form

3
WHAT IS An INDIRECT OBJECT?
  • The indirect object tells us WHO the direct
    object goes to.

Qué?
Qué?
For example, in the sentence He gives the
book to María. The direct object is BOOK, and
the indirect object is María.
For example, in the sentence He gives the
book to María. The direct object is BOOK, and
the indirect object is María.
4
Lets label some sentences...
Label the SUBJECT, VERB, DIRECT OBJECT, and
INDIRECT OBJECT.
Johnny gives his dog a bone.
D.O.
I.D.O.
SUBJECT
VERB
Johnny gives a bone to his dog.
SUBJECT
VERB
D.O.
I.D.O.
Johnny gives his dog to the SPCA.
D.O.
SUBJECT
VERB
I.D.O.
I sing often.
SOME SENTENCES HAVE NO INDIRECT OBJECT!
SUBJECT
VERB
5
Lets do some moreYou find the INDIRECT OBJECT
  • I give a lecture to the kids.
  • We give the bill to Laura.
  • You have to tell the price to us.
  • Raul gave Eva the flowers.
  • Señor Rudis showed us the power point.
  • Mom serves enchiladas to her guests.
  • Ricky Martin gave the CD to my friends.

6
You try these
Mis amigos dan dinero a mis padres.
SUBJECT
VERB
D.O.
I.D.O.
El perro de Leonardo juega béisbol conmigo.
(with me)
SUBJECT
VERB
I.D.O.
D.O.
Su profesor de español enseña mucha gramatica a
los alumnos.
SUBJECT
VERB
I.D.O.
D.O.
Nosotros hacemos, para las chicas bellas, un
pastel.
SUBJECT
VERB
D.O.
I.D.O.
7
Indirect Object Pronouns
What is the problem with the following sentences?
I bought my friends a pizza. I go to the movies
with my friends. I play baseball with my
friends. I have many classes with my friends.
THEM
THEM
THEM
TOO MANY FRIENDS!!!!
What should we do?
USE A PRONOUN!!!
.
8
Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish



How do they work?
me
nos
1. Identify the Indirect Object of the sentence.
te
os
2. Choose what pronoun to use
  1. Eliminate the I.D.O. and replace with the
    pronoun.

les
le
Roberto hace una pizza .
para nosotros
nos
9
Where do we place the pronoun?
1. Before the conjugated verb.
Voy a dar el disco a mi novia
Yo le voy a dar el disco.
2. Attached to an infinitive.
Voy a dar el disco a mi novia..
Voy a darle el disco.
3. Attached to progressive (requires an accent).
Yo estoy dando el disco a mi novia...
Yo estoy dándole el disco.
10
You try these. Re-write with a pronoun.
  1. I sing for my parents.
  2. We have to make coffee for our favorite Spanish
    teacher.
  3. You have to make dinner for your dumb, ungrateful
    family.
  4. Tú compras la television para mí.
  5. Yo voy a dar un beso a todas las chicas feas y
    bonitas.

Yo les canto.
Tenemos que hacerle el café.
Le tenemos que hacer el café.
Tú le tienes que hacer la cena.
Le tienes que hacer la cena.
Tú me compras la televisión.
Les voy a dar un beso.
Voy a darles un beso.
11
Double Object Pronouns
  • IDOPs (indirect object pronouns) and DOPs (direct
    object pronouns)

12
Reglas
  • Some verbs can have a direct object and an
    indirect object
  • Always use an IDOP when there is an indirect
    object
  • La mesera nos trajo (a Juan y a mí) el pollo
    asado.

13
Vamos a practicar!
  • Recipient you ___ enviaron tus padres dinero
    también?
  • Te enviaron tus padres dinero también?
  • What if there is more than one of you ?
  • Les enviaron sus padres dinero también?
  • Use the Uds. form!

14
Double trouble.
  • In all of the examples, there are two objects.
    That is, someone is giving something to someone.
    The something is the direct object and the
    someone (the recipient) is the indirect object).

15
Say what?
  • Look at the examples and identify the objects
  • The teacher gave you an A.
  • Recipient you
  • Thing received an A
  • Bill Gates sent me a million dollars.
  • Recipient me
  • Thing received a million dollars
  • My parents bought my little sister a used car.
  • Recipient my little sister
  • Thing received a used car

16
Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns may
be used together in the same sentence just as in
English. As with most all pronoun use, the
objective is to reduce the length, complexity, or
redundancy of the language.
Julián, me traes la película?
Julián, will you bring me the movie?
IOP
DOP
Te la traigo en un momento.
Ill bring it to you in a moment.
As with all object pronouns, double object
pronouns are placed before a conjugated verb,
and the indirect object pronoun (IOP)
precedes the direct object pronoun (DOP).
17
Double objects
  • We can simplify each sentence if we already know
    what the objects refer to. Look at this passage
  • My little sister got a new apartment across town,
    but there is no bus service. She saw a used car
    she liked a lot, but she didnt have a lot of
    money. My parents bought it for her.

18
Lets take a closer look
  • My parents bought it for her.
  • The expression in red is the indirect object (the
    recipient) and the word in yellow is the direct
    object. Both are pronouns.

19
What about in Spanish?
  • We can do the same thing in Spanish
  • Tengo que comprar un libro para la clase de
    historia, pero no tengo dinero. Mis padres me lo
    van a enviar por Western Union.
  • Recipient me
  • Thing received lo (el dinero)

20
se lo, se la, se los, se las
I threw the ball to you.
I threw it to you.
correct
Yo te
el balón.
tiré
lo
.
You threw the ball to me.
You threw it to me.
correct
.
el balón.
tiraste
Tú me
lo
Le and les must change to se before lo, la, los
or las.
I threw the ball to him.
I threw it to him.
incorrect
correct
se
Yo
el balón.
tiré
lo
.
le
You cant le lo in Spanish!
The context of the situation or the previous
statement or question will clarify the meaning of
se. Notice the following slide.
21
L L S L
  • No, its not algebra class! There is a special
    rule about double object pronouns that you will
    need to know if a sentence has two objects that
    both start with L, the first one changes to SE.

22
se lo, se la, se los, se las
Le prestas el dinero a Lupita?
Will you lend Lupita the money?
No, no se lo presto. Es mucho dinero.
No, I wont lend it to her. Its a lot of money.
Queremos comprarles los juguetes a los niños, no?
We want to buy the toys for the children, right?
Sí, vamos a comprárselos mañana.
Yes, well buy them for them tomorrow.
23
I do!
  • Mis padres me lo van a enviar por Western Union.
  • Note that the indirect object precedes the direct
    object.
  • Think indirect, direct object I DO.

24
  • The combinations of object pronouns in Spanish
    are as follows

me lo, me la
nos lo, nos la
me los, me las
nos los, nos las
te lo, te la
os lo, os la
te los, te las
os los, os las
se lo, se la
se lo, se la
se los, se las
se los, se las
25
Reglas
  • When using DOPs and IDOPs, the order is
  • IDOP DOPalways
  • Remember I DO
  • or. 123 IDV
  • 2 Ls 1st changes to SE
  • Le dejaste la propina a la mesera?
  • Sí, ya se la dejé.

26
Práctica
  • She asked her for them. (strawberries).
  • Ella se las pidió.
  • We served you it. (steak with onions).
  • Nosotros te lo servimos.
  • I recommend them to you all. (tea and flan).
  • Yo se los recomiendo.

27
Ya está!
  • To summarize, here are the four forms you will
    need
  • Subject Reflexive Direct object Indirect object
  • yo me me me
  • tú te te te
  • él se lo le
  • ella se la le
  • Ud. se lo, la le
  • nosotros nos nos nos
  • ellos se los les
  • ellas se las les

28
THEY'RE EASY WITH PRACTICE!
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