What do the Referendum and the new post-2015 Framework mean for us in Scotland? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What do the Referendum and the new post-2015 Framework mean for us in Scotland?

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Title: What do the Referendum and the new post-2015 Framework mean for us in Scotland?


1
NIDOS Annual SeminarImplications for Scotland
In a post-2015 post-Referendum Era
  • What do the Referendum and the new post-2015
    Framework mean for us in Scotland?
  • James Mackie, ECDPM, Maastricht, Netherlands
  • 23 October 2014

2
Outline
  • The Conference
  • Post-Referendum and Post-2015
  • International cooperation
  • The UN post-2015 process
  • Goals Transformation agenda
  • Finance for development
  • The European post-2015 process
  • Common positions, Dev Env
  • Outstanding challenges
  • Opportunities for Scotland
  • International cooperation
  • PCD policy coherence for development
  • Post-2015 Action inside Scotland

3
The Conference
  • Aims to inform, to reflect and to debate
  • Very dynamic context a threshold moment
  • Post-2015 debate internationally at home
  • Post-Referendum
  • Further devolution The Smith Commission
  • Creating a fairer Scotland tackling inequality
  • Widespread reflection on development policy
  • Scottish Government
  • UK Parliament IDC Beyond-Aid inquiry
  • EU level debate on post-2015 new leadership
  • Engaging with Scottish public in 2015
  • Also 10 Years since Making Poverty History
  • How to use dynamism youth, diasporas,
  • How best to raise public awareness on 2015?

4
Post-Referendum post-2015
  • Post Referendum
  • Doing what we do already but better
  • Expand Scottish international development?
  • Or focus more on increasing quality?
  • Dynamism of the Referendum debate
  • Focus on creating a better Scotland
  • What does this mean for international
    cooperation?
  • Post-2015
  • Reframe global agenda for development
  • Build on the MDGs but go further
  • Wide agenda but can it be made manageable and
    motivating like the MDGs?
  • Wider agenda has implications for action inside
    Europe and inside Scotland

5
International Cooperation
  • Debate on development has broadened
  • Lessons from the MDG experience
  • Focus on poverty reduction good but too limited
  • Development aid not enough on its own
  • Demand for development not just poverty focus
  • Experience shows importance of other issues
  • Security, governance, trade, international
    financial flows, global financial stability
  • Our own internal policies with external impact
  • PCD policy coherence for development is key
  • Sustainable development has 3 aspects
  • So post-2015 framework has to cover a lot more
  • But we also need to think differently about
    development it is not just about aid

6
Our Collective Interest - new ETTG
bookwww.ettg.eu
  • How will we judge success of new EU leadership?
  • By 2020 will the EU have helped to tackle 5
    challenges?
  • The world economy is it becoming more equitable,
    resilient and democratic?
  • Is world set on a more sustainable path?
  • Is world more peaceful and secure?
  • Is world better governed and more democratic?
  • Have poverty and inequality declined?

7
The UN post-2015 process
  • 2 working groups reported during summer
  • OWG on the goals and target 19 July 2014
  • ICESDF on the finance and means of implementation
    15 August 2014
  • UNGA 70 states supported OWG report
  • UN Secretary General Synthesis Report
  • Due end November
  • Negotiations on goals start early 2015
  • Co-chairs Ireland and Kenya
  • Three key moments in 2015
  • Finance UN Financing Conf. Addis, July
  • Goals UN-GA New York, September
  • Climate UNFCCC COP21 Paris, December

8
The Transformative Agenda
  • UN High Level Panel Report May 2013
  • Five big transformative shifts
  • Leave no one behind
  • Out sustainable development at the core
  • Transform economies for jobs and inclusive growth
  • Build peace and effective, open and accountable
    institutions for all
  • Forge a new global partnership
  • But what does this mean in practice?
  • Need to go further than just reducing poverty
  • MDGs too focused on tackling the symptoms and not
    enough on the causes

9
Goals proposed by OWG
  • End poverty
  • Achieve food security and improved nutrition
  • Ensure healthy lives and well-being
  • Inclusive and equitable education
  • Gender equality and empower women and girls
  • Availability of water sanitation
  • Affordable, reliable sustainable energy
  • Inclusive sustainable growth
  • Resilient infrastructure, inclusive
    industrialisation
  • Reduce inequality within among countries
  • Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient
    sustainable
  • Sustainable consumption production
  • Urgent action to combat climate change
  • Sustainable use of oceans, seas marine
    resources
  • Sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems
  • Peaceful inclusive societies, justice for all,
    inclusive institutions
  • Strengthen finance, MoI, global partnership
    PCSD

10
Development finance
  • MDGs became very focused on ODA
  • Financing gap notion Jeff Sachs
  • But have to think Beyond Aid (ERD2013)
  • There are a lot other types of finance
  • Domestic resources
  • Domestic capital
  • Foreign direct investment
  • Remittances
  • South-South cooperation
  • Finance cannot solve everything
  • Policies important national international
  • How to make most effective use of finance

11
Trends in development finance (2011 USBn)
  • Low Income Countries
  • Source ERD2014 (forthcoming)
  • All developing countries

12
Financial flows by income level( of GDP)
  • Source ERD2014 (forthcoming)

13
The European debate
  • High level of interest commitment to MDGs
  • Commission (DEVCOENV) pushing a strong common EU
    position
  • A Decent Life for All 2 June 2014 COM 335
  • Earlier policy papers in Feb Dec 2013
  • EU generally satisfied with UN process so far
  • Council conclusions in Dec 2014
  • Outstanding challenges
  • Goals targets coverage vs. number
  • Global partnership Finance and other MoI
  • Universality and differentiation
  • Targets for in-country development
  • Targets for helping other countries
  • Targets for supporting global public goods

14
Questions for Scotland
  • Devolution does S.Govt. need more powers?
  • Scottish international development programme
  • Expanding the effort does that help?
  • Diversification or is it better to focus more?
  • Improving effectiveness key principles to use
    ownership, alignment and harmonisation
  • PCD internal policies that affect others
  • Many such policies decided at EU level
  • Trade, Agriculture, Fisheries, Migration,
  • But Scottish attitudes behaviour affect them
  • New issues consumption, waste, renewables
  • Achieving the post-2015 targets in Scotland
  • Inequality poverty domestic international

15
  • Thank you
  • jm_at_ecdpm.org
  • www.ecdpm.org
  • www.slideshare.net/ecdpm
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