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Structure of Feudal Japan

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Structure of Feudal Japan EMPEROR Emperor Emperor and imperial family highest on social ladder Religious leader Direct descendant of Amaturasu Omikami Figurehead ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Structure of Feudal Japan


1
Structure of Feudal Japan
2
EMPEROR
  • Emperor
  • Emperor and imperial family highest on social
    ladder
  • Religious leader
  • Direct descendant of Amaturasu Omikami
  • Figurehead (leader in name only)
  • No political Power
  • Under control of Shoguns clan
  • ALL classes of society provided for Emperor and
    his court.
  • Emperor still exists today

His Imperial Majesty AKIHITO 125th Emperor of
Japan
3
Structure of Feudal Japan
Figurehead
Emperor
4
Shogun
  • Shogun
  • Miltary Leader
  • Highest in warrior class
  • Clans fought to acquire this status
  • Political Leader
  • Those of other classes under him provided for his
    needs
  • Shogun gave protection and privileges
  • Portion of land
  • Produce on land

5
Structure of Feudal Japan
Figurehead
Emperor
Shogun
6
Daimyo
  • Daimyo
  • Part of warrior class
  • Means Great Names
  • Shoguns representatives
  • Ran estates according to shoguns rules
  • Swords most valuable possessions
  • Used often to demonstrate loyalty to Shogun
  • Lived in huge castles surrounded by moats

7
Structure of Feudal Japan
Figurehead
Emperor
Shogun
Daimyos
8
Samurai
  • Samurai
  • Professional warriors
  • Loyal to shogun and Daimyos
  • Lived in Daimyos castles
  • Fairly high social status but little political
    power
  • Needs met by lower classes than them

Satsuma Samurai
9
Structure of Feudal Japan
Figurehead
Emperor
Shogun
Daimyos
Samurai
10
Ronin
  • Ronin
  • Wandering Samurai
  • Had no Daimyo
  • Paid soldiers
  • Worked as
  • body guards for rich merchants
  • Paid soldiers during civil wars
  • Low social class
  • No political power
  • Depended on others for economic well-being

11
Structure of Feudal Japan
Figurehead
Emperor
Shogun
Bushi Warrior Class
Daimyos
Samurai
Ronin
12
Peasants
  • Peasants
  • Largest class
  • Included farmers and fishermen
  • Low social status
  • No political power
  • VERY poor
  • Valued because they produced food for all other
    classes
  • Often made material for clothing
  • Paid taxes with rice and work
  • Had to pay 2/3 of years crop to upper classes
  • Often starved

13
Structure of Feudal Japan
Figurehead
Emperor
Shogun
Bushi Warrior Class
Daimyos
Samurai
Ronin
90 of population
Peasants
14
Artisans
  • Artisans
  • Craftspeople who made variety of products
  • Art
  • Cooking pots
  • Fish hoods
  • Farm tools
  • Theatre
  • Ship anchors
  • swords
  • Great sword makers highly respected
  • On whole, however, artisans not as respected as
    peasants because they didnt produce food

15
Structure of Feudal Japan
Figurehead
Emperor
Shogun
Bushi Warrior Class
Daimyos
Samurai
Ronin
90 of population
Peasants
Artisans
16
Merchants
  • Merchants
  • Sold goods and produce made by others
  • Very low social status
  • Produced nothing of value and lived off the
    efforts of others work
  • Often made to live in separate locations
  • Not allowed to mix with other classes except to
    do business

17
Structure of Feudal Japan
Figurehead
Emperor
Shogun
Bushi Warrior Class
Daimyos
Samurai
Ronin
90 of population
Peasants
Artisans
Merchants
18
Eta
  • Eta
  • Means full of filth
  • Discrimination because of Buddhist prohibitions
    against killing and Shinto concepts of pollution.
  • originally discriminated against because they
    were butchers, leather workers, grave-diggers,
    tanners, executioners
  • Seen as hereditary
  • Still discriminated against today

19
Structure of Feudal Japan
Figurehead
Emperor
Shogun
Bushi Warrior Class
Daimyos
Samurai
Ronin
90 of population
Peasants
Artisans
Lowest Class
Merchants
Eta
20
Hinin
  • Hinin
  • Means Nonhuman
  • Not hereditary, but punitive (punishment)
  • Was very extremely small chance you could get out
    of this classif you were pardonedbut this is
    highly highly unlikely.

21
Figurehead
Emperor
Shogun
Bushi Warrior Class
Daimyos
Samurai
Ronin
90 of population
Peasants
Artisans
Lowest Class
Merchants
Eta
Hinin
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