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World Geography Chapter 3 Population and Culture

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Title: World Geography Chapter 3 Population and Culture


1
World Geography Chapter 3 Population and Culture
2
  • Demography
  • the study of populations- including such topics
    as birth, marriage, migration, and death

3
  • Culture
  • The way of life of a group of people with common
    traditions, interests, and beliefs.
  • A total way of life.

4
  • Birth Rate
  • Number of births per year for every 1,000 people.
  • Death Rate
  • Number of deaths per year for every 1,000 people.

5
  • The difference between the birth and death rate
    is called Natural Birth Rate.
  • Zero Population Growth
  • Birth and Death Rates are the same.

6
  • Population Distribution
  • Population Pattern- Show where the people are
    living.
  • Very small percentage of the earth has people
    living on it.

7
  • Migration
  • Movement of people and animals
  • Immigration
  • Moving into a country
  • Emigration
  • Moving out of a country

8
  • Population Density
  • The average number of people in a square mile or
    square kilometer.

9
  • Urbanization
  • The growth of cities
  • Rural
  • The country side- outside the urban and suburban
    areas

10
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Started the urban movement
  • People moved to cities to find work

11
  • Social Organization
  • the family is the most important unit of social
    organization.
  • Social Classes
  • birth or wealth?

12
  • Language
  • All cultures have language
  • Same language Same culture

13
  • Religion
  • helps people answer basic questions about the
    meaning and purpose of life

14
  • Diffusion
  • the spread of cultural traits from one culture to
    another
  • Acculturation
  • the process of adapting traits from other cultures

15
  • Cultural Diffusion
  • The spread of people, ideas, and goods from one
    culture to another
  • Trade and travel encouraged
  • WAR

16
  • Internet and Television

17
  • Cultural Hearths
  • The places where civilizations began
  • Egypt- Nile River Valley
  • Iraq- Mesopotamia
  • Pakistan- Indus River Valley
  • China- Huang He River Valley

18
  • Mayan Civilization
  • Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize
  • Inca Civilization
  • Peru, Colombia, Bolivia

19
  • Cultural Regions
  • Areas of the earth where certain cultures
    dominate (this book is divided in 10)

20
  • Four specific characteristics that define a
    country
  • 1. Clearly defined territory
  • 2. Population
  • 3. Sovereignty
  • 4. Government

21
  • Territory
  • Land and water within a countries boundaries and
    all of its natural resources

22
  • Population
  • Citizens of a country are afforded protection by
    the government
  • Citizens of a country must serve their government

23
  • Sovereignty
  • a country that can rule itself by establishing
    its own policies and determining its own course
    of action

24
  • Government
  • Political System
  • the institution through which a society makes and
    enforces its public policies and provides for its
    common needs

25
  • Unitary
  • One central government runs the nation
  • Great Britain, Japan, and France ( Parliamentary
    government)

26
  • Federal System
  • the power is shared between the national and
    state governments

27
  • Confederation
  • smaller political units keep their sovereignty
    and give the central government only very limited
    powers.
  • Commonwealth of Independent States

28
  • Authoritarian government
  • the government is more important than individual
    freedom
  • The leaders hold all, or nearly all, political
    power

29
  • Dictatorship
  • government in which one leader has full power
    over a country

30
  • Totalitarianism
  • the government tries to control every part of
    society
  • Nazi Germany- Hitler
  • Soviet Union- Stalin

31
  • Monarchy
  • Kings, queens, pharaohs, shahs, sultans- inherit
    their positions by being born into the ruling
    family

32
  • Democracy
  • a form of government in which the people of a
    country vote for their leaders
  • the people have the power to set government policy

33
  • Free Enterprise
  • private businesses operate with little
    interference from government
  • Capitalism
  • economic system based on free enterprise

34
  • Communism
  • requires the state to make all the economic
    decisions
  • the state owns and operates all the major farms,
    factories, utilities, and stores

35
  • Socialism
  • the state should own and run basic industries
    such as transportation, communications, banking,
    coal mining, and the steel industry
  • This is done for the good of the society as a
    whole.
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