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Highlighting the Space Weather Monitor Program

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CISM Space Weather Professional Development for Educators Highlighting the Space Weather Monitor Program Deborah Scherrer, Roberta Johnson, Ramon Lopez, Pat Reiff ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Highlighting the Space Weather Monitor Program


1
Highlighting the Space Weather Monitor Program
CISM Space Weather Professional Development for
Educators
  • Deborah Scherrer, Roberta Johnson, Ramon Lopez,
    Pat Reiff, Marius Schamschula
  • Stanford U., NCAR, Florida Institute of Tech.,
    Rice U., Alabama AM

2
Quick Overview
  • Objectives
  • The Plan
  • Details
  • CISM Interconnections
  • Center Leverage
  • Educational Professional Development
  • Web-based Training
  • IHY
  • The Monitors SID and AWESOME
  • Project Structure
  • Our Team

3
Objectives
  • Provide space weather resources and professional
    development for grades 6-14 teachers
  • Integrate CISM research and education
  • Leverage off Center concept and engage CISM
    scientists with the educational program
  • Respond to diversity needs

4
The Plan
  • Team community college high school educators
    with scientists to
  • Design, develop, classroom-test VLF radio
    receivers that track changes to the Earths
    ionosphere caused by solar activity
  • Provide Standards-based, hands-on, inquiry-driven
    science experience for teachers and students
  • Return data useful to researchers
  • Involve high school, undergraduate (incl.
    community college), and graduate students
  • Involve researchers

5
How?
  • Based on AAVSO original concept
  • 2 versions
  • SID inexpensive (150)
  • AWESOME research quality (3000)
  • Preassembled, but students build their own
    antenna (10)
  • Centralized data repository chat site

6
  • Are placing 100 SIDs and 15 AWESOMES in
    under-represented high schools, community
    colleges, science museums
  • Leverage from CISM Education Partners
  • Teacher workshops (NCAR)
  • University application (Alabama AM)
  • Integration into teacher-training courses (Rice
    U.)
  • Development of web-based training (Exploratorium,
    NCAR, Stanford)
  • Engagement from CISM Science Partners
  • Distribute in a Partnership model, to encourage
    scientist-teacher-student collaborations
  • Return data to CISM and other researchers
  • All materials standards-based
  • Professional formative summative assessment
  • Obtained supplemental funding from NASA

7
CISM Interconnections
Integration of research and education
  • Space Weather data returned
  • Engagement of scientists with K-14 schools
    students

Sphere of Broadening impact
Pipeline bridges High School -gt community
college/university ? grad school
Space Weather Monitor Program -- Helping to
address multiple dimensions of CISM review
criteria
K-14 Introduced to Space Weather
Infrastructure for science or education
Web-based training resources, produced in
conjunction with CISM scientists Exploratorium
website NCAR website Stanford website
Centralized data repository Software for data
analysis
Diversity
Teacher interns, students, professional
development, workshops, courses
8
It takes a Center
  • Space Monitor program leverages off Center
    concept
  • Provides coherence interconnection with
    multiple partners and varied programs
  • Integrates research and education

9
Educator Professional Development
  • NCAR provides professional development workshops,
    in person and online, about space weather topics
    to teachers these will be modified to include
    the Space Weather Monitors
  • Rice U. will be integrating the monitors into
    their Physics of Ham Radio course for teachers.
  • Alabama AM will be integrating the monitors into
    their space science program

10
CISM Web-based Training Resources
  • Exploratorium Space Weather Research Explorer
  • http//www.exploratorium.edu/spaceweather/
  • Produced in conjunction with CISM partners _at_ UC
    Berkeley Stanford
  • Includes CISM imagery, interviews with CISM
    scientists, pointers to live CISM data
  • NCARs Windows to the Universe Space Weather
  • http//www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link/space_weat
    her/space_weather.html
  • Stanford Solar Center Space Weather Monitors
  • http//solar-center.stanford.edu/SID

11
IHY 2007
  • The United Nations and organizers of the
    International Heliophysical Year, 2007, have
    designated these Space Weather Monitors as
    official IHY instruments, to be placed in 191
    countries around the world.

12
Overview of the Monitors
  • The Sun Earths Ionosphere
  • VLF Transmitters
  • About our monitors
  • Data tracking
  • Connecting monitor data with GOES
  • Connecting data to solar active regions

13
The Sun, ionosphere, and radio waves
14
VLF Transmitters
24 around the world
Antenna Wires
Primarily U.S. Navy stations for communicating
with submarines
NLK 24.8 KHz Navy Radio Station, Jim Creek,
WA 1 cycle 7.5 miles (12 km)
200 Towers
VLF signals can be received all over the world,
because of the ionosphere!
15
Our Monitors
  • SID
  • Low Cost (150)
  • Single band
  • 1 sample/5 seconds
  • Preassembled tuned
  • Students build antenna
  • Available free to underserved schools
  • AWESOME
  • Moderate cost (3000)
  • Broadband sample rate of 100kHz on each channel
  • Capture ELF/VLF frequencies
  • 30 Hz - 50kHz
  • Dual use system
  • Daytime monitor solar activity
  • Nighttime monitor atmospheric phenomena
    (e.g. lightning)
  • So sensitive that nearly any signal above the
    ambient Earth noise floor can be detected
  • Data useable for ionospheric and solar researchers

16
Detecting Solar Flares SID(s)
SID Events!
Not all events are readily explainable students
can research these
17
GOES-12 Weather Satellite
Detecting X-Rays
18
Connecting SID to GOES Data
C5.9
M1.3
C4.5
C3.8
Students have also found flares not cataloged by
GOES!!!
19
Connecting SID events to sunspots (Active Regions)
Event Begin Max End Obs Q Type
Loc/Frq Particulars Reg ----------------
--------------------------------------------------
------------- 1960 1727 1736 1744
G12 5 XRA 1-8A C4.5 3.1E-03
0424 1990 1930 1946 1954 G12 5
XRA 1-8A C5.9 5.9E-03 0424 2000
2112 2134 2140 G12 5 XRA 1-8A
C3.8 3.1E-03 0424 2040 2341 2354
0002 G12 5 XRA 1-8A M1.3 8.5E-03
0424
20
D
D Includes diversity component

Technology expertize
Integration back into science research
D
Integration back into science research
Design develop SID AWESOME
Planning
Communications
Coordination
Integration into university environment Alabama
AM
D
Partners
Production
Reporting
Distribution
Traffic Control
Distribution
Distribution
Partnerships
Engagement of CISM scientists with teachers
students
D
D
General Public Interest in awareness of Space
Weather
Teachers and classrooms high school community
college
D
D
100 SIDs
10 AWESOME
21
Our Team
  • Stanford Partners
  • Philip Scherrer, Solar Observatories Group
  • Umran Inan, Stanford EE
  • Hao Thai, Solar Observatories Group
  • Deborah Scherrer, Stanford Solar Center
  • Students
  • Morris Cohen, Stanford EE
  • Justin Tan, Stanford EE
  • Shannon Lee, Chabot Community College
  • Sharad Khanal, Stanford Physics
  • Scott Winegarden, Mid Penninsula High School
  • (now at UC Irvine)
  • Mitch Patenaude, Cal State Hayward
  • Sam Penrose, Cal State Hayward
  • Kenny Oslund, Castro Valley High (now at CalTech)
  • Educators
  • Ray Mitchell, Chief Engineer Chabot Community
    College, Cal State Hayward
  • William Clark, San Lorenzo High School
  • Richard Styner, San Lorenzo High School
  • Sean Fotrell, Castro Valley High School
  • Tim Dave, Chabot Community College
  • CISM Partners
  • Roberta Johnson, NCAR
  • Ramon Lopez, Florida Institute of Tech.
  • Pat Reiff, Rice University
  • Marius Schamschula, Alabama AM
  • Concept Paul Mortfield

22
For more information on Space Weather Monitors
http//solar-center.stanford.edu/SID dscherrer_at_sol
ar.stanford.edu
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