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Project Report Microsoft Internet Information Server

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Project Report Microsoft Internet Information Server Group 4 Javier Ek, Jimmy Phung, Ben Lee, Tom Truong CIS 454- FALL QUARTER 1999 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Project Report Microsoft Internet Information Server


1
Project ReportMicrosoft Internet Information
Server
  • Group 4
  • Javier Ek, Jimmy Phung, Ben Lee, Tom Truong
  • CIS 454- FALL QUARTER 1999

2
Internet Information ServerGroup 4
  • Overview -Jimmy Phung
  • Installation - Tom Truong
  • Troubleshooting TCP/IP - Benjamin Lee
  • Web Applications -Javier Ek

3
What is a Microsoft Internet Information Server?
  • It is Microsofts Web server that allows for the
    management of Web-related applications, files and
    data.

4
What is a Web Server?
  • A Web server is a specialized program that uses
    the client/server model and the World Wide Web's
    Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) to present
    files in the form of Web pages to the users.
  • Source www.whatis.com

5
Example of the Use of a Web Server
  • When we type in www.calstatela.edu/ats/cbt.htm,
    we are directed to the web server
    with the domain name www.calstatela.edu.
  • The web server then finds the ats directory and
    the cbt.htm file. It then forwards the file
    directly back to us.

6
Uses of the Internet Information Server (Examples)
  • Corporate workgroups using intranets
  • Corporate partners using extranets
  • Customers logging on to a Web site

7
Where can you find the Microsoft Internet
Information Server?
  • The Internet Information Server is found in the
    Microsoft Option Packs
  • All NT Servers shipped after January 1998 come
    with Internet Information Sever

8
How Much Does the Internet Information Server
Cost?
  • FREE
  • You can download it form the Microsoft Web site
  • Tom will tell you how

9
Where Can You Install Internet Information Server?
  • Windows 95
  • Windows 98
  • Windows NT Workstation
  • Window NT Server

10
Features of the Internet Information Server
  • Setup and Management
  • Use the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
  • Easy to learn relatively short learning curve

11
Features of the Internet Information Server
  • Building Web sites
  • Integrates fully with Microsoft Front Page, which
    allows for the creation of Web pages
  • Contain assorted Web-building Wizards
  • Facilitates the development of Active Server
    Pages (ASP), which allow the creation of active
    and interactive Web pages.
  • VB Scripts in HTML file
  • Java Scrips in HTML file

12
Features of the Internet Information Server
  • Support the writing of web-based applications
    that access databases
  • Integrate fully with Microsoft SQL Server, which
    facilitates the the manipulation of databases
  • ODBC driver support

13
Features of the Internet Information Server
  • Security
  • Prohibit access by user and group using passwords
  • Prohibit access to directories and files

14
Features of the Internet Information Server
  • Security Continued -
  • Security rules
  • Security rules can be based on URLs
  • Can hide part of a document based on security
    rules
  • Can change user access control list without
    restarting server
  • Supports Secure Socket Layer (SSL) v. 2 and v. 3

15
Features of the Internet Information Server
  • Reliability
  • Each Internet applications running on the
    Internet Information Server can run on a separate
    memory space
  • When one application crashes, it will not crash
    the whole system. Only the affected application
    crashes, the server and the other applications
    keep on working

16
Features of the Internet Information Server
  • Reliability Continued
  • Contains Integrated Message Queuing, which
    provides a way for applications to send and
    receive messages over a network - even when part
    of the application or the network becomes
    unavailable. This increases reliability.

17
Features of the Internet Information Server
  • Scripting support
  • Script debugging, which helps debug ASP scripts
  • Supports JAVA

18
Features of the Internet Information Server
  • Web Management
  • Programmable Management Console
  • Ability to customized management tools
  • Browser-Based Administration
  • Remote administration
  • GUI interface/command line interface
  • Has the Configuration Rollback feature, which
    helps to bring the server back to previously
    saved configurations.

19
Minimum Requirements
  • 80x86-Based Computers
  • 486 Computer
  • 66 MHz
  • RAM
  • 32 Meg Ram minimum
  • 64 Meg highly recommended
  • Hard Disk
  • 200 Meg of free space

20
Minimum Requirements
  • Internet Explorer 4.0
  • Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT Workstation or
    Window NT Server
  • Service Pack 3 or later for NT

21
IIS Installation Process
  • There are a number of ways to install IIS 4.0.
    You can download the Windows NT Option Pack from
    the Internet, or your can install it from CD.
  • To download the Option Pack from the Internet,
    you use the URL shown here http//backoffice.micr
    osoft.com/downtrial/optionpack.asp
  • To install the Option Pack from the CD, you
    insert the CD in the drive and run the
    appropriate setup.exe.

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  • The minimum installation program is designed to
    conserve disk space on your system.
  • The typical installation installs all the
    components of IIS included in the minimum
    installation. In addition, it installs the rest
    of the optional IIS components. Included in the
    typical installation is the FTP service, the
    Internet Service Manager (HTML), and help on
    server administration, content management, and
    content development.
  • The custom installation allows you to choose
    which IIS components you want on the computer,
    apart from the components that are required and
    selected by default.
  • Lets choose the Custom installation, which
    allows you to select any combination of
    components in addition to the IIS component that
    is required to run the IIS server.

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  • If you are using IIS on an intranet, you can copy
    the unattend.txt file from the Option Pack CD to
    a folder on the local computer (The unattend.txt
    file is located on the CD in the
    CPU_Type/inetsrv/directory, where CPU_Type is the
    processor on the computer where IIS will be
    installed.) This file allows you to perform
    unattended installations from that folder. This
    is useful for performing installations without
    having to remain at the computer and step through
    the installation options.
  •  To start the unattended setup, you either place
    the CD in the CD drive, or make a network
    connection to the CD drive containing the Option
    Pack CD. You then copy unattend.txt to your local
    hard disk and make any necessary changes to
    install the appropriate components.
  •  At a command prompt, you change to the folder on
    the CD containing setup.exe, then enter the
    following path setup/ultfull path to
    Unattend.txtgt. For example, if the file located
    in the temp directory on the C drive, you type
    setup/uc\temp\unattend.exe

43
TROUBLESHOOTING
TCP/IP
44
Presentation Objectives
  • Identify some of the problems which may arise in
    a network that uses TCP/IP as its communication
    protocol
  • Explain the utilities that are available for
    troubleshooting TCP/IP

45
TCP/IP Problems
  • Configuration of the local computer
  • Connecting to other hosts on the network
  • Routing problems
  • Naming resolution errors
  • Source and destination hosts are trying to
    communicate using different protocols

46
Tools that come with Windows NT
  • Microsoft SNMP Service
  • Event Viewer
  • Performance Moniter
  • Registry Editor
  • Network Monitor, Agent, and Tools

47
Utilities used for troubleshooting TCP/IP
  • IPConfig
  • Ping
  • Hostname
  • Nbtstat
  • ARP
  • Tracert
  • Nslookup
  • Netstat
  • Route

48
IPConfg
  • Display current TCP/IP network configuration
    values, and update or release TCP/IP network
    configuration values.
  • Display IP address, subnet mask, and WINS and DNS
    configuration.

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50
IPConfg
51
IPConfg
52
Ping
  • Verify whether TCP/IP is configured correctly and
    that a remote TCP/IP system is available.
  • Ensure that a host computer you are trying to
    reach is actually operating.
  • Used with a host that is operating to see how
    long it takes to get a response back.

53
  • Ping sends an ICMP echo request to a target host
    name or IP address.

54
If there is an error message using your own IP
address, view the configuration to check and
correct it.
55
Nbtstat
  • Useful tool for solving NetBios name resolution
    problems
  • Switch to display the names that were registered
    locally on the system

56
Nbtstat
57
-a Lists the remote computer's name table given
its host name. -A Lists the remote computer's
name table given its IP address specified in
dotted decimal notation. -c Lists the contents of
the NetBIOS name cache, with the IP address of
each name. -n Lists local NetBIOS names. In this
listing, "Registered" indicates that the name has
been registered on this network node, either by
b-node broadcast or by a WINS server.
58
-R Reloads the LMHOSTS file after purging all
names from the NetBIOS name cache. -r Lists name
resolution statistics for Windows networking. On
a computer configured to use WINS, this option
returns the number of names resolved and
registered broadcast or WINS. -S Displays both
workstation and server sessions, listing the
remote hosts by IP address only. -s Displays both
workstation and server sessions. It attempts to
convert the remote host IP address to a name
using the HOSTS file.
59
Nbtstat
  • When adding more than 25 dialout devices under
    Windows NT 4.0 RAS, the NBTSTAT command will
    return the following message
  • Unable to access NBT driver Unknown Error
  • This problem is because NBTSTAT is not reading
    the entire contents of a registry key.

60
ARP
  • ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) is a protocol
    for mapping an Internet Protocol address (IP
    Address) to a physical machine address that is
    recognized in the local network.
  • The most common level of IP in use today, an
    address is 32 bits long.

61
How ARP Works
  • When an incoming packet destined for a host
    machine on a particular local area network
    arrives at a gateway, the gateway asks the ARP
    program to find a physical host or MAC address
    that matches the IP address.

62
Route
  • The route table controls any routing decisions
    made by the hosts on a network
  • You can display the route table using the Route
    Print command.

63
Route
64
Tracert
  • Examine the route between two nodes on a network
  • Determines the route by sending the first echo
    packet with a TTL of 1 and incrementing the TTL
    by 1 on each subsequent transmission until the
    target responds or the maximum TTL is reached.

65
Tracert
66
Netstat
  • Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP
    network connections.
  • Syntax netstat -a -ens -p protocol
    -r interval

67
Netstat
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Nslookup
  • Lets an Internet server administrator or user
    enter a host name and find out the corresponding
    Internet Address. It will also do reverse name
    lookup and find the host name for an IP address
    you specify.

71
Nslookup
  • For example, if you entered "whatis.com", you
    would receive as a response our IP address, which
    happens to be
  • 199.45.146.176
  • Or if you entered "199.45.146.176", it would
    return "whatis.com".

72
Internet Information Server - Web Applications
  • Group 4

73
Introduction
  • Internet Information Server can be used for
    interactive applications and scripts for your
    website.
  • IIS can be used for CGI Scripts and ISAPI
    Applications.
  • Using IIS with ASP pages on a server.

74
Methods
  • CGI(Common Gateway Interface)
  • ISAPI(Internet Server Application Program
    Interface)
  • ASP(Active Server Page) Applications
  • SSI(Server Side Includes)

75
CGI
76
CGI
  • What is CGI?

77
CGI
78
CGI
  • CGI script conforms to CGI standards.
  • Scripts or programs can be written in any
    language for applications to be executed on a
    system.
  • These languages can be C, PERL, Visual Basic,
    and NT Batch Files.
  • Programs such as VB and C need to be compiled
    in order to work. Scripts do not need to be
    compiled and are much more portable.

79
CGI Security Issues
  • There are several security issues in regards to
    CGI.
  • Intruders and hackers can manipulate CGI script
    to access sensitive information such as passwords
    and registry files.
  • They can also use CGI script to run system
    commands. This risk can be reduced by having
    experts write the scripts and keeping them in one
    single directory with only an administrator
    access.

80
CGI - Requirements
  • To write CGI Scripts a working knowledge of HTML
    and HTTP protocol is needed.

81
ISAPI
  • What is ISAPI(Internet Server Application Program
    Interface)?

82
ISAPI
  • Applications that use ISAPI have executable code
    that reside in NT DLL(Dynamic Link Library).
  • There two areas of development are applications
    and filters.
  • ISAPI applications are known as Internet Server
    Applications(ISAs)

83
ISAPI How It Works
84
ISAPI and CGI
85
Active Server Pages(ASPs)
  • Active Server Pages are a scripting environment
    that overcome the limitations of CGI.
  • With ASP you can combine HTML, scripts, and text
    on web pages.
  • The built-in Active X components can be used to
    perform dynamic tasks, such as connecting to a
    database or performing calculations.

86
ASP
  • ASP eliminates the need to learn a full
    programming language or compile programs
    separately.
  • Any scripting language that follows the ActiveX
    scriting standard such as Vbscript or Javascript.
  • To use other languages such as PERL, Python, or
    REXX you need a separate scripting engine from a
    third party developer.

87
ASP Properties
88
ASP Security
  • ASP offers the most security of the three methods.

89
ASP Advantages
  • ASP applications are easy to modify and develop.
  • An ASP file is simply a text file that can
    contain HTML tags and embedded script commands.
  • ASP uses ActiveX Control which are essential to
    dynamic web pages.

90
Summary
  • Internet Information Server can be extended to
    use CGI, ISAPI, and ASP for web applications.
  • CGI is the most common but ISAPI, and ASP are
    also used.
  • ASP offers several advantages over CGI in terms
    of security, capabilities, and browser
    compatibility.
  • Internet Service Manager can be used to specify a
    starting point directory and to configure your
    application.

91
References
  • http//www.pcmagazine.com
  • http//www.pcworld.com
  • CBT Courses IIS
  • http//www.whatis.com
  • http//www.microsoft.com

92
Internet Information Server
  • END OF PRESENTATION
  • Group 4
  • Javier Ek
  • Jimmy Phung
  • Tom Truong
  • Benjamin Lee
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