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Nathaniel Hawthorne


Title: Nathaniel Hawthorne Author: Neil Hepworth Last modified by: yearlingb Created Date: 10/31/2006 8:12:02 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nathaniel Hawthorne

Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • I am always so dazzled and bewildered with the
    richness, the depth, the ... jewels of beauty in
    his productions that I am always looking forward
    to a second reading where I can ponder and muse
    and fully take in the miraculous wealth of
  • -Sophia Hawthorne
  • January 14, 1851

Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864
  • Born in Salem, Massachusetts
  • Puritan Background
  • Ancestor of John Hathorne one of the three
    judges in the Salem Witch Trials
  • Hawthorne carried the guilt of his Puritan
    ancestry throughout his life

Hawthornes Background
  • Began writing after college at Bowdoin College in
  • Spent many years in seclusion starving artist
  • Held many jobs including writer, publisher,
    working at a custom house, and consul in England

More Background
  • Married Sophie Peabody in 1825 (Peabody family
    were big supporters of his work)
  • Sophie was the Peabody familys youngest daughter
  • Moved from his mothers home to Concord, MA to a
    home known as The Old Manse

More Background
  • This was the happiest time in Hawthornes life,
    even though he was still relatively unknown
  • Was friends with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow,
    Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Herman
    Melville, and President Franklin Pierce

More Background
  • Of Emerson, thought he was truly a brilliant
  • Of Thoreau, thought he was kind of a goof, but
    admired him
  • Of Melville, found a fellow author who shared his
    perspective on the pessimistic view of mans

More Background
  • Hawthorne struggled with the idea of having to
    support a family through his work. Constant
    struggle between the life of an unpaid writer and
    a provider to his family
  • In last years of his life, Hawthorne became a
    household name and money was no longer scarce

His Themes in Writing
  • Moral allegories
  • The sinful man
  • Hypocrisy
  • The Dark side of Human Nature
  • Religious in Nature

His Most Famous Works
  • Novels
  • The House of Seven Gables
  • The Scarlet Letter
  • Short Stories
  • The Ministers Black Veil
  • Young Goodman Brown

Was Hawthorne a Romantic?
  • Focused on the natural setting
  • Uses setting to physically position characters
  • Character traits can be identified by setting
    characters spend most time in
  • Contemplated deeper questions of purpose and
  • Did take on the alternative/pessimistic view that
    man was not always good

Hawthornes Legacy
  • Despite his life of writing, Hawthorne will be
    remembered for his masterpiece, The Scarlet
  • Hawthorne is viewed as the pessimistic romantic
  • Despite his desire to separate himself from it,
    he will always be tied to his Puritan ancestry