American Romanticism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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American Romanticism

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... Edgar Allan Poe Nathaniel Hawthorne Walt Whitman Herman Melville Washington Irving Harriet Beecher Stowe Henry Wadsworth Longfellow SHIFT FROM CLASSICISM ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Romanticism


1
American Romanticism
  • Enter imagination

2
Shift from Classicism to Romanticism
  • Classicism the belief that reason dominates
    nature and human nature both are ruled by fixed
    and unchanging laws
  • The United States came together as a nation
    during this period (Classicism roughly
    1750-1850)
  • Well known Classicists
  • Thomas Paine
  • Ben Franklin
  • Patrick Henry

3
ROMANTIC NON-ROMANTIC/CLASSICAL
Emotional                       Reasonable and Practical
Individualistic                  Public Responsibility
Revolutionary Conservative
Loves Solitude Nature   Loves Public, Urban Life
Fantasy/Introspection External Reality
The Particular The Universal
Subjective Perception Objective Science
4
ROMANTIC NON-ROMANTIC/CLASSICAL
Right Brain Left Brain
Satisfaction of Desire Desire Repressed
Organic Mechanical
Creative Energy/Power Form
Exotic Mundane
"Noble Savage"/Outcasts Bourgeois Family
Idealist Philosophy Materialist/Empirical Philosophy
5
A Period of Great Cultural Change
  • Romanticism focused on emotions and the
    individual
  • Writers in this time period (roughly 1830-1870)
    emphasized
  • Intuition
  • Imagination
  • Human potential for social progress and spiritual
    growth
  • The Humanitarian Reform was a mark of this time
    period

6
Well-known Romanticists
  • Edgar Allan Poe
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Walt Whitman
  • Herman Melville
  • Washington Irving
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

7
Characteristic Subject Nature
  • Nature beauty, strangeness, the mystery of
    nature
  • Washington Irving, author of The Legend of
    Sleepy Hollow Rip Van Winkle, explored
    nature through legend and folklore
  • James Fennimore Cooper (1st major American
    novelist), author of Last of the Mohicans,
    explored nature on the frontier
  • He created the 1st national literary hero, Natty
    Bumppo
  • Edgar Allan Poe explored nature in the depths of
    his imagination

8
Characteristic Subject The Past
  • The Past rise in nationalism interest in
    American past
  • Irving and Cooper deal with the past directly
  • Irving uses legend and folklore as history
  • Cooper wrote about great historical events
    Revolution, Indian border wars, the conquest of
    the wilderness

9
Characteristic Subject Inner World of Human
Nature
  • Inner World of Human Nature emotion, intuition,
    individual, exploration of the private inner
    being
  • William Cullen Bryant (poet) focuses in the
    inward observations and psychological reactions
    of people to aspects of life
  • Poe takes exploration of the inner self to great
    depths
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