Unit I Careers in Biomedical Technology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Unit I Careers in Biomedical Technology PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 7e06a5-NTBlY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Unit I Careers in Biomedical Technology

Description:

Unit I Careers in Biomedical Technology – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:70
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 60
Provided by: pcma350
Learn more at: http://images.pcmac.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Unit I Careers in Biomedical Technology


1
Unit ICareers in Biomedical Technology
2
Why is science so important to us?
  • Science is always evolving
  • Edward Jenner discovered smallpox
    vaccine
  • Joseph Lister convinced surgeons to wash hands
    and use clean bedding

3
Helps us understand our world Great truths
dispelled (i.e. the world is flat) Knowing how
the world works helps you make decisions about
issues that affect your future. Scientists help
discover how the world works!
4
Facts about scientists
  • Dont always work in universities or
    hospitalspharmaceutical companies, public health
    laboratories, government agencies, chemical
    companies
  • PhD or MD
  • Curiosity
  • Observant
  • Enjoys finding out about things unknown

5
Emerging Field of Biotechnology
  • Began in the early 1980s with the development of
    Cloning recombinant DNA techniques.

6
National Institutes of HealthNIH
  • The federal agency that has established safety
    guidelines for the transfer manipulation of DNA.

7
Careers
  • -ist at the end of a profession means what?
  • i.e. A Radiologist reads interpreted x-rays. He
    is a physician who specializes in radiographic
    images. (a person who does)
  • -ian at the end of a profession means what?
  • i.e. Electrocardiograph technician applies
    electrodes pads to the patient to test heart.
    (relating to)

8
Pathologists
  • Physician specializing in diagnosing diseases by
    examining blood, secretions, body tissue
    fluids.
  • Must complete medical school specialized
    training.
  • Work in hospital laboratories or in outpatient
    reference laboratories or private practice
    pathology.
  • Frequently determines cause of death.

9
Medical Laboratory Technician
  • Prepares tissue slides performs simple blood
    tests, cell counts, urinalysis.

10
Clinical Laboratory Scientist (Medical
technologist)Bachelors Degree/4 year program
  • Responsible for performing clinical laboratory
    tests analyzing the results using independent
    judgment.

11
Phlebotomist
  • A phlebotomist primary draws blood, either for
    laboratory tests or for blood donations.

12
Associated Terminology
  • Hematology - study of the formed elements of
    blood blood forming tissues.
  • Pathogens - microorganisms that produces a
    disease.
  • Histology - Microscopic study of animal and plant
    tissues, which are groups of similar cells
    interrelated for cooperative performance of a
    particular biological function.
  • Immunology - study of how blood cells prevent
    disease caused by microorganisms.

13
Life Science
  • Life scientists or researchers study living
    organisms and life processes.
  • Many opportunities in research development in
    health care.
  • Masters or doctoral level
  • Specific careers
  • Microbiologist
  • Virologist
  • Biochemist

14
Life scientists
  • Responsible for
  • 1 - developing new drugs.
  • 2- methods of treatments
  • 3 - new methods of protecting the environment

15
Microbiologist
  • A scientist that can work as a bacteriologist,
    who work in the field of bacteriology and study
    bacteria.
  • Environmental microbiologists - work in the field
    of environmental microbiology and study microbial
    processes in the environment.
  • Food microbiologists - work in the food industry
    and study pathogenic microorganisms that cause
    foodborne illness and spoilage.

16
Virologist
  • A scientist who studies viruses and virus-like
    agents their structure, classification and
    evolution, their ways to infect and exploit cells
    for virus reproduction, the diseases they cause,
    the techniques to isolate and culture them, and
    their potential uses in research and therapy.

17
Biochemist
Biochemist
  • Typical biochemists study chemical processes and
    chemical transformations in living organisms.
    Analyzes the effects of hormones, enzymes,
    serums, foods on tissues organs.

18
Radiologist (imaging professional)
  • A physician trained to diagnose patients by
    reading x-rays i.e. mammograms

19
Radiography (Radiographer)Education is 2 year
program
  • Responsibilities takes the x-rays
  • Radiation exposure a constant concern
  • (1) Film badge
  • (2) Federal Government regulates exposure.
  • The level of exposure to radiological materials
    is measured on a badge worn by each radiographer.

20
Radiologic Technologist
  • Administers radio opaque media (dye) to complete
    x-rays.

21
Nuclear Medicine Technologist
  • Performs bone scans, brain, thyroid lung scans.

22
Ultrasound Technologist(Medical sonographer)
  • Utilizes sound waves to produce two-dimensional
    images of internal organs.

23
Physicist
  • A scientist who specializes in physics.
    Physicists study a wide range of physical
    phenomena in many branches of physics spanning
    all length scales from sub-atomic particles of
    which all ordinary matter is made (particle
    physics) to the behavior of the material Universe
    as a whole . ...

24
Medical Dosimetrist
  • A member of a radiation oncology team who
    specializes in the operation of radiation
    equipment and calculations of dosages in
    cooperation with oncologists.

25
Electrocardiograph Technician
  • Minimal training compared to other professions.
    Attaches electrode pads to the patient to test
    the action of the heart.
  • They operate electrocardiogram equipment to
    monitor patients' heart problems. 
  • Job duties include 
  • Connect electrodes to patients.
  • Insert and remove catheters.
  • Record test results.
  • Identify emergencies or abnormalities.
  • Average Salary  15,000 - 32,000

26
Echocardiography
  • An echocardiogram is a sonography of the heart.
  • Uses standard ultrasound techniques to image
    two-dimensional slices of the heart.
  • An echocardiogram can also produce accurate
    assessment of the velocity of blood and cardiac
    tissue at any arbitrary point using pulsed or
    continuous wave doppler ultrasound.

27
Electroencephalograph
  • Frequent headaches seizures would be a reason
    for an EEG.
  • EEG measures electrical activity of the brain.

28
Nutritionist / Dietician
  • An expert in food and nutrition. They provide
    nutrition counseling for patients (i.e. concern
    over weight gain).
  • Dietitians help promote good health through
    proper eating.
  • They have to have a bachelors degree to
    practice.

29
Dietary Technician
  • Completes a two year associate degree program
    whose duties includes planning menus
    supervising the production of food.

30
Weight Reduction Specialist
  • Counsels obese patients using dietary activity
    guidelines.

31
  • Environmental Careers, Resources Hazards

32
Environmental Engineer
  • Improve the environment (air, water, and/or land
    resources), to provide healthy water, air, and
    land
  • Environmental engineering involves water and air
    pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, and
    public health issues

33
Health Regulatory Inspectors
  • A public employee who investigates health hazards
    then takes action to eliminate the hazards.
  • Usually the public perception of a health
    inspector.

34
Sanitarian
  • Set enforce standards concerning food, sewage
    waste disposal.
  • Enforces laws, rules and regulations for
    maintaining and promoting community hygiene.

35
Biomedical Equipment Technician
  • Highly skilled technicians responsible for
    ensuring medical equipment is deemed serviceable,
    safe, and properly repaired inspected.

36
Central Service Technician
  • Cleans, sorts, assembles, prepares, packages and
    sterilizes supplies and equipment used in
    diagnostics the operating room.

37
Environmental Control
  • Biosphere-atmosphere that supports life.

38
Ecosystems Ecology
  • Is the scientific study of the distribution
    and abundance of life and the interactions
    between organisms and their natural environment.

39
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • Federal agency responsible for setting
    regulating the standards for the environment. It
    was established in 1970.

40
Diseases health conditions linked to
environment.
  • The thinning of the ozone layer is due to
    exhaust, aerosol sprays painting materials.
  • Lung related diseases
  • Skin cancer

41
Emphysema
  • Emphysema is characterized by loss of elasticity
    (increased compliance) of the lung tissue
  • Worsened by air pollution, including long-term
    exposure to tobacco smoke.

42
Lead Poisoning
  • Increased levels of the metal lead in the blood.
  • Lead may cause irreversible neurological damage
    as well as renal disease, cardiovascular effects,
    and reproductive toxicity.
  • Government programs have reduced lead in gas
    additives paints.

43
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
  • Carbon monoxide is colorless, odorless,
    tasteless, and non-irritating, making it
    difficult for people to detect.
  • Replaces oxygen in the blood stream

44
Lung Cancer
  • Lung cancer, the most common cause of
    cancer-related death in men and the second most
    common in womenis responsible for 1.3 million
    deaths worldwide annually.

45
  • Biotechnology careers genetics

46
Biotechnologist
  • 1. Development of cloning recombinant DNA
    techniques of gene manipulation.
  • 2. A scientist that alters the cells of living
    things to discover improve genetic traits.
  • 3. Most work in private biotechnology companies.

47
Laminar flow hoods are used to vent
filter air.
Working environment
48
Strict Sterilization
  • In biotechnology laboratories the use of
    microorganisms requires strict sterilization.

49
Biotechnology rapidly making complex advances
  • Over 200 medicines and related products created
    from biotech techniques currently available.
  • Horizontal gene transfer in living plants.
  • Manipulate organic materials to reach the
    demands of food production.
  • New drug creation

50
Over 1000 biotech companies in U.S., most
working in diagnostics therapeutics
  • A few of the more prominent biotech companies are
    Alteon, Inc., AmpliMed, Inc., Callisto
    Pharmaceuticals Inc., Kinexis, Inc., Trellis
    Bioscience, Inc., and The Vaccine Company.

51
Ethical concerns related to eugenics.
  • Eugenics is "the study of, or belief in, the
    possibility of improving the qualities of the
    human species or a human population by such means
    as discouraging reproduction by persons having
    genetic defects or presumed to have inheritable
    undesirable traits (negative eugenics) or
    encouraging reproduction by persons presumed to
    have inheritable desirable traits (positive
    eugenics)."
  • Counseling of couples not to have a child if a
    faulty gene is present.
  • Selecting favorable traits such as gender before
    implantation.

52
Different Fields of Study
  • A. Medical biotechnologist
  • B. Research biotechnologist
  • C. Forensics
  • D. Geneticist

53
Medical Biotechnologist
  • Works with production of antibodies for diagnosis
    or treatment of disease.

54
Research Biotechnologist
  • A scientist that studies the use of
    microorganisms to perform specific industrial or
    manufacturing processes.
  • Applications include the production of certain
    drugs, synthetic hormones, and bulk foodstuffs as
    well as the bioconversion of organic waste and
    the use of genetically altered bacteria in the
    cleanup of oil spills.

55
Forensics
  • Biotechnology professional who works to aid in
    solving crimes is a forensics specialist.

56
Geneticist
  • A geneticist is a scientist who studies genetics,
    the science of heredity and variation of
    organisms.
  • Counsel families with history of health problems
    I.e. Sickle cell traits Down Syndrome.

57
Support Personnel
  • Biomedical Engineer
  • Biomedical Equipment Technician

58
Biomedical Engineer
  • Designs instruments machines that are used to
    monitor treat disease.

59
Biomedical Equipment Technician
  • Fixes / repairs medical equipment
  • i.e. Monitor in ICU is not working properly..who
    would you call to fix it?
  • Biomedical Equipment Technician
About PowerShow.com