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William Shakespeare

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Title: William Shakespeare (put taken picture here) Author: Emily Zimmerman Last modified by: wittem Created Date: 10/23/2006 1:24:48 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: William Shakespeare


1
William Shakespeare
  • His Famous Sonnets

2
Who is William Shakespeare?
The Globe Theater
www.oppidanlibrary.com/shakespeare.htm
www.unplowedground.com/.../travels/travels.html
3
Who is William Shakespeare?
  • Born in 1564 to John and Mary Arden Shakespeare
  • 1582 Married to Anne
  • 1583 Birth of Daughter Susanna
  • 1585 Birth of twins Judith and Hamnet
  • 1587-1592 Established in London as
    actor/playwright first work Comedy of Errors

4
Who is William Shakespeare?
  • 1593 Begins writing sonnets (until 1597-ish)
  • 1594-1596 Some more famous plays Romeo and
    Juliet and Midsummer Nights Dream
  • 1597-1608 Best known plays including the rest
    of the tragedies
  • 1599 The Globe Theatre built
  • 1609 Publication of the Sonnets
  • April 23, 1616 Shakespeare dies

5
A closer look...
6
Question of the Annes
  • Hathwey or Whately??
  • Not many critics support this hypothesis, but
    those that do use it to portray Shakespeare as a
    young man torn between the love he felt for Anne
    Whateley and the obligation he felt toward Anne
    Hathwey and the child she was carrying, which was
    surely his.

7
His Works
  • Poetry
  • The Sonnets
  • The Rape of Lucrece
  • Plays
  • Tragedies Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth
  • Comedies Much Ado About Nothing
  • Histories Richard III, Henry V

8
What is a Sonnet?
  • 14 lines
  • Iambic pentameter
  • 5 feet
  • 2 syllables each
  • one unaccented, one accented
  • 3 quatrains and a couplet
  • abab cdcd efef gg
  • First introduced into English Language by Sir
    Thomas Wyatt in 1500s

9
Sonnet 18 (most famous)
  • Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou
    art more lovely and more temperate Rough winds
    do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's
    lease hath all too short a date Sometime too hot
    the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold
    complexion dimm'd And every fair from fair
    sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing
    course untrimm'd But thy eternal summer shall
    not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou
    owest Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his
    shade, When in eternal lines to time thou
    growest So long as men can breathe or eyes can
    see, So long lives this and this gives life to
    thee.

10
Some Themes
  • The sonnets are stories about a handsome boy, or
    rival poet, and the mysterious and aloof "dark"
    lady they both love
  • Sonnets 1-126
  • Mostly addressed to or concern the other man
  • Sonnets 127-152
  • About The Dark Lady (hair, facial features,
    character)
  • Sonnets 153 154
  • Adaptations of famous classical Greek poems

11
The Dark Lady
  • Who is the dark lady?
  • No one knows!

12
Sonnet 126
  • O thou, my lovely boy, who in thy power Dost hold
    Time's fickle glass, his sickle, hour Who hast
    by waning grown, and therein show'st Thy lovers
    withering as thy sweet self grow'st If Nature,
    sovereign mistress over wrack, As thou goest
    onwards, still will pluck thee back, She keeps
    thee to this purpose, that her skill May time
    disgrace and wretched minutes kill. Yet fear her,
    O thou minion of her pleasure! She may detain,
    but not still keep, her treasure Her audit,
    though delay'd, answer'd must be, And her quietus
    is to render thee.

13
Sonnet 130
  • My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun Coral
    is far more red than her lips' red If snow be
    white, why then her breasts are dun If hairs be
    wires, black wires grow on her head. I have seen
    roses damask'd, red and white, But no such roses
    see I in her cheeks And in some perfumes is
    there more delight Than in the breath that from
    my mistress reeks. I love to hear her speak, yet
    well I know That music hath a far more pleasing
    sound I grant I never saw a goddess go My
    mistress, when she walks, treads on the
    ground And yet, by heaven, I think my love as
    rare As any she belied with false compare.

14
Sonnet 154
  • The little Love-god lying once asleep  Laid by
    his side his heart-inflaming brand, Whilst many
    nymphs that vow'd chaste life to keep Came
    tripping by but in her maiden hand The fairest
    votary took up that fire Which many legions of
    true hearts had warm'd And so the general of hot
    desire Was sleeping by a virgin hand
    disarm'd. This brand she quenched in a cool well
    by, Which from Love's fire took heat
    perpetual, Growing a bath and healthful
    remedy For men diseased but I, my mistress'
    thrall, Came there for cure, and this by that I
    prove, Love's fire heats water, water cools not
    love.

15
Now...
  • Write your own love sonnet!
  • Remember the formula
  • 14 lines
  • Iambic pentameter
  • abab cdcd efefe gg
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