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Civil Rights during WWII

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Civil Rights during WWII Objective: Analyze the civil rights violations during WWII Std. 11.7.5 Japanese Japanese Americans Pearl Harbor How does this effect ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Civil Rights during WWII


1
Civil Rights during WWII
  • Objective
  • Analyze the civil rights violations during WWII
  • Std. 11.7.5

2
Japanese
3
Japanese Americans
  • Pearl Harbor
  • How does this effect Americans
  • Easy to separate Japanese from Americans
  • Ex Order 9066
  • FDR authorized
  • Place Japanese away from West Coast
  • Forced removal from their own land

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12
Korematsu vs US
  • Japanese Am - Fred Korematsu (Nisei) sued
    American gov on Constitutionality of Order 9066
  • Based on 5th Amend
  • abuse of gov authority, due process
  • Ruled ok because protected against espionage
  • More important than individual rights
  • Over turned in 1983

13
German/Italian Americans
14
German Italian Aliens
  • Some were required to report to internment camps
    like the Japanese
  • Others required to register with post office as
    enemy aliens
  • Under Alien and Sedition Acts 1798 then Sedition
    Acts of 1918
  • natives, citizens, denizens or subjects of any
    foreign nation or government with which the
    United States is at war ...are liable to be
    apprehended, restrained, secured and removed as
    alien enemies..
  • Usually place in the middle of the country

15
Jews
16
Final Solution
  • Genocide of All European Jews
  • All undesirables Jews, Mentally/Physically
    Handicapped, Gypsies, Homosexuals
  • Placed Jews in Extermination camps
  • None of which were in Germany

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18
Women
19
Women in Military
  • Once again took jobs while men were fighting in
    the war.
  • Helped to continue the push for equality

20
Women - The Rise of Rosie
  • A. The Hidden Army
  • Up to and especially in the Great Depression
    unacceptable white, married women work outside
    the home taking mens jobs
  • WWII 50 more women (7 million) working
  • SF 2x Detroit 5x
  • of wives working doubled

21
  • Attitudes changed patriotic duty the Hidden
    Army on the Homefront (actively fighting war)
  • Can ?duty women pressured to work

22
  • Black women benefited most from changing jobs
  • 3/week ? 48/week
  • New jobs gave money, sense of pride and
    accomplishment, community
  • Gender consciousness

23
Women
  • What did women want? 4/5 wanted to keep working
    after the war
  • Vets had preference women pushed out of work
    after the war
  • Lost factory jobs, most kept some kind of
    employment (necessity)
  • Women employed outside the home
  • 1940 27 1950 32

24
Women - Problems
  • However many attitudes remained unchanged
  • Discrimination
  • Pay disparity
  • Culture (2nd Shift)
  • Post-war propaganda pressured women back into the
    home? delay Womens Movement
  • Vs. Civil Rights Movement
  • Only 10 working women in defense industry
  • 55 housewives

25
African Americans
26
Af-Am political Demands
  • WWI WWII was the first step towards civil
    rights that took place in the 60s
  • Saw what it was like to have equality in Europe

27
I. Blacks and the Sources of the Civil Rights
Movement
  • A. Breaking the Color Barrier
  • Pre-war defense industry blacks only as janitors
  • A. Philip Randolph (Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
    Porters) demand FDR end discrimination
  • Threatened massive March On Washington? June 1941
    EO 8802?
  • Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)
  • Black Democratic voters
  • Eleanors criticism
  • 700,000 blacks hired in defense industries
  • 200,000 in Federal Government

28
B. Moving On Up
  • High paying, unionized jobs
  • of blacks in unions doubled
  • Lured blacks from rural South to North and West
    2nd Great Migration
  • Roughly 1 million (2x as many) and West (CA black
    pop. 2x)

29
  • Effects
  • Economic advancement
  • Urbanization
  • Control over own lives
  • Didnt have to be Jim Crow South
  • Right ability to vote
  • Army moved slowly toward desegregation? Double
    V, Tuskegee Airmen
  • ? Rise in expectations

30
C. Discrediting Racism
  • American attack Nazis Imperial Japans
    counter-propaganda? US racism broadcasted to the
    world? pressure reform
  • Sim. USSR propaganda 1950s60s
  • Blacks get outside Jim Crow
  • Whites see evils of racism (both of enemy and
    among selves)
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