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Anticipation Guide


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Title: Anticipation Guide

Anticipation Guide
  • Technology will eventually solve most of our
  • Everyone has the right to become a parent. 
  • Companionship is a basic need that is important
    as food or shelter.
  • Every child needs mothering in order to become
  • People make judgments about a person based on his
    or her appearance.
  • Science should explore every possible angle for
    the progress of humankind even if the advancement
    appears to go against religion or nature.
  • Being ambitious in reaching your goals is more
    important than family, friends, and having an
    intimate relationship.

Frankenstein,the Modern Prometheus
Mary Shelleys
  • DECHS 2014

  • Written by Mary Shelley in the early 1800s
  • Classified under two genres Gothicism and
    science fiction.

Frankenstein the Novel
  • Written between the Romantic and Victorian
  • Written by Mary Shelley, wife of author Percy
  • A number of Shellys own viewpoints and opinions
    are found in the novel.

Structure and Point of View
Frame Story
Epistolary carried by letters
Major Characters
  • Victor Frankenstein protagonist, product of an
    ideal education fueled by possibilities of
    science and a desire for fame!

Major Characters
  • The Creature - never named is Victors
    doppelganger (alter ego) Creature rationally
    analyzes the society that rejects him
    sympathetic character, admires people and wants
    to be a part of human society only results in
    violence when he is repeatedly rejected

Major Characters
  • Henry Clerval Victors childhood friend true
    romantic, wants to leave mark on the world, but
    never loses sight of the moral relations of
  • Elizabeth adopted as an infant by Victors
    family marries Victor
  • Robert Walton Arctic explorer whos obsessed
    with gaining knowledge and fame rescues Victor
    in the Arctic tells the story

  • Consequences of irresponsibility in the pursuit
    of knowledge
  • Consequences of pride
  • Consequences of societys rejection of someone
    who is unattractive
  • Destructive power of revenge
  • Parent-child conflicts
  • Sympathy

Other Literary Elements
  • Irony 2 major ironies
  • Creature is more sympathetic, more imaginative
    and more responsible to fellow creatures
  • Creature has many pleasing qualities but is an
    outcast because hes not physically attractive

  • White/light knowledge
  • Water knowledge
  • Ice danger
  • Lightning natures power
  • Nature acceptance, nuturing, calm
  • Mountains sublime in nature

  • Paradise Lost by John Milton story of mans
    fall from innocence to painful knowledge Victor
    can be compared to Adam, Satan, and Eve
  • The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor
    Coleridge, like narrator, tells story as a
    warning and a confession

Influences on Frankenstein Prometheus
  • Prometheus was a titan who had sided with the
    Olympian gods in the rebellion against Kronos,
    the ruler of the titans. And though he chose the
    Olympian gods over the titans, he never had true
    respect for them.
  • As Zeus, after the revolution, became the
    almighty ruler, he took his interests in the
    celestial, and ignored the human race on Earth.
    He intended them to be primitives, with no gift
    of knowledge, and forbid any god to impart them
    with enlightenment. Prometheus looked upon these
    mortals with pity, and gave them various gifts of
  • But of these gifts, the most valuable and the
    most damning for Prometheus was fire, which
    enabled men to overcome ignorance and become
    enlightened. Once Zeus saw that men had overcome
    ignorance through the rebellious act of
    Prometheus, he had Prometheus chained to the
    Caucasus mountains with shackles, and had
    carnivorous birds swoop down to peck out his
  • And because he was immortal, his liver would grow
    back during the night, and his torture would
    continue on every day. But in Ovid's version of
    the story of Prometheus, Prometheus is not the
    savior of men, but creator of men who manipulated
    them to his will.

Paradise Lost
  • The epic detailing the fall of Lucifer by Milton
    was of a great influence to Frankenstein.
  • In Milton's piece, Adam, God's creation,
    questions his creator, "Did I request thee,
    Maker, from my clay/ To mould me Man, did I
    solicit thee/ From darkness to promote me...?
  • The lines were even used in the 1818 edition of
    Frankenstein, and covers the attitude of
    Frankenstein's creation.

Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  • A seven part poem written by Samuel Coleridge, a
    friend of Mary Shelley's father, it is often
    alluded to in Frankenstein, and has much
    influence over the story. According to accounts,
    Mary Shelley would stay up late at night to hear
    Coleridge himself recite the poem at her house.
  • The poem itself is about a mariner who after
    killing an an albatross, a sea bird of good luck,
    undergoes a torturing experience that is meant to
    be reparation for his deeds. Mary Shelley alludes
    to the albatross in her story, and the idea of an
    outcast scorned and enduring suffering is again

Letters 1-4
  • Allusion to Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  • Structure of the book arranged (epistolary
  • Stranger general narrator
  • Walton substitute for audience
  • THEME Quest for Knowledge can lead to
  • Walton suffers from hubris believes he is
  • Waltons values are questionable does not honor
    his fathers dying request

Letters 1-4
  • epic hero like, Walton is consumed by a need to
    be immortal
  • Jumps from dream to dream, experienced or not and
    refuses to let the dream go, no matter what the
  • THEME Humans have a basic need for
  • Walton has no connection with others thinks he
    is above them
  • Sees Victor as a kindred spirit

Letters I-IV (Prologue)
  • Epistolary
  • The narrator Robert Walton writes to his sister,
    Margaret Saville
  • Walton embarks on a Romantic Quest
  • Wants to discover a passage near the North Pole
    to Asia
  • Wants to discover the secret of the compass magnet

Letter I
  • December 11th
  • Walton is far north of London in Saint
    Petersburg, Russia
  • Imagines the North Pole not as the capital of
    frost and desolation but the region of beauty
    and delight
  • Reveals his Romantic Quest
  • Has dreamed of being an explorer since he was a
    boy, but his father forbid it
  • Inherited cousins fortune, which allowed him to
    pursue exploration

Letter II
  • March 28th
  • Surrounded by frost and snow
  • Expresses desire for friendship
  • Surrounded by people, but no one is his equal
  • Wants someone who is gentle, courageous,
    educated, intelligent, well-mannered, and with
    similar tastes
  • Alludes to the Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  • I shall kill no albatross. Therefore, do not
    worry about my safety or about my coming back to
    you as scornful and woeful as the Ancient
    MarinerI have often attributed my attachment
    tomy passionate enthusiasm forthe dangerous
    mysteries of the ocean to that poem by Coleridge

Letter III
  • July 7th
  • Writes to assure Margaret of his safety
  • Mentions floating sheets of ice that continually
    passindicating dangers ahead
  • Tells her that he will be cool, persevering, and
    prudent (15).

Letter IV
  • August 5th
  • A week prior, nearly surrounded by ice and fog,
    which was dangerous
  • Mist cleared and Walton and crew saw low
    carriage, fixed on a sleigh and drawn by dogs,
    moving north, half a mile away.
  • Being that had the shape of a man, but was
    gigantic, sat on the sleigh.
  • Disappeared among the distant glaciers
  • Two hours later, ice broke and freed ship
  • Spent night at location to be safe

Letter IV (Continued)
  • Next morning, found someone else in a sleigh
  • Drifted toward ship on slab of ice
  • Only one dog remained alive
  • Human being inside the carriage
  • Not savage, like other being on previous
    sleigh, but European
  • Spoke English, but with foreign accent
  • Man was on brink of death

Letter IV (Continued)
  • Man inquired where Walton was headed satisfied
    with Waltons response of North Pole and agreed
    to come aboard
  • Mans limbs nearly frozen, body emaciated by
    fatigue and suffering
  • Man slowly recovered, under Waltons care
  • Two days later, stranger finally spoke
  • Walton describes him as having eyes which express
    wildness or madness, but whose face lights up
    when someone is kind to him. Stranger is
    generally melancholy and despairing, crush by
    weight of woes

Letter IV (Continued)
  • Stranger tells Walton that he has traveled upon
    the ice To find someone who has run away from
    me (19).
  • Walton tells the stranger that the crew had seen
    the man whom the stranger pursued the previous
  • Stranger asked questions about where the demon,
    as he called the giant, had gone
  • From then on, stranger was eager to be on deck,
    watching for the sleigh
  • Walton describes the stranger as being polite and
    gentle, and though he is a wreck, appealing and
  • Remarks that the stranger must have been a noble
    creature when he was better off
  • Says that he has begun to love the stranger as a
    brother, and feels sympathy and compassion for
    the stranger

Letter IV (Continued)
  • August 13th
  • Walton says that his affection for the stranger
    grows, as the stranger stirs his admiration and
  • Stranger speaks eloquently and listens
  • Walton confides in him
  • Walton mentions how he had sacrificed everything
    for the sake of discovery, even his life or death
  • This displeased the stranger greatly
  • Stranger burst into tears
  • Said, Unhappy man! Do you share my madness?
    Have you drunk from the cup of your imagined
    power? Let me tell you my tale, and you will
    throw the cup from your lips! (21).
  • Stranger says that he has lost everything

Letter IV (Continued)
  • August 19th
  • Stranger said, I have suffered great
    misfortuneI had decided that the memory of these
    evils would die with me, but you changed my mind.
    You seek knowledge and wisdom, as I once did, and
    I deeply hope that it will not become a serpent
    and sting you, as it did meI think you may learn
    from my tale (22).
  • Walton will tell the strangers story to his
    sister. He says, So strange and harrowing is his
    storyso frightful the storm that embraced the
    gallant vessel on its course and wrecked
    itthus! (23).

Chapter 1
  • THEME Family and kinship parenting
  • Victor speaks in 1st person everything is in
    relation to him
  • Traditional family structure (parents Alphose and
  • Raised in a loving happy home with loving
    parents we assume that Victor would have the
    same instinct.
  • For those who have been created and abandoned, it
    is required that someone are for them to do
    otherwise is unthinkable. (adoption of Elizabeth)

Chapter 2
  • THEME Quest for knowledge leads to destruction
  • Victor is predisposed to secrecy (even as a young
  • Foreshadows how experiments come into play
  • Father tells him that Agrippa is trash but
    doesnt explain why this book influenced his
    later work

Chapter 3
  • THEME Parenting
  • For Victor, knowledge substitutes for people
  • This attitude is dangerous
  • He doesnt do well with strangers
  • We learn his last name removal of first name
    makes him less personal scientific self

Chapter 4
  • THEME Boundaries/ trespass
  • Two years go by without him going home why?
  • This doesnt speak well for his character
  • Either Victor is normally kind and has become
    demonized by scientific knowledge OR he is
    actually a selfish character
  • How is he like Macbeth in this instance?
  • Victor has no respect for natural boundaries
    contempt for restraints
  • Lost the ability to feel anything no remorse

Chapter 4
  • THEME Boundaries/ trespass
  • To poke around something more powerful than
    yourself is dangerous
  • He has an epiphany (he has discovered the secret
    of life)
  • He hesitates to begin research indicates that he
    isnt fully convinced it is the right thing
    like Macbeth
  • Driven to reanimate why?

Chapter 5
  • THEME Abandonment/ parenting
  • Fickleness of human nature Victor is horrified
    by what hes done
  • Creature emerges in a non-violent state happy
    and shy
  • We are supposed to see him as a child

Chapter 6
  • 1st time we learn of Victors brother
  • Elizabeth shows herself to be gentle like
  • Victor wants to forget desire to be reborn
  • He is unable to act directly unless confronted.
  • His character allows him to see only what is
    before his eyes, not beyond immature though full
    of knowledge

Chapter 7
  • Victor is still self-centered
  • We are inclined to see the Creature through
    Frankensteins eyes
  • Victor keeps creature secret in order to preserve
    reputation and save face

POP QUIZ Ch. 7-9
  • What happens to William?
  • Who does Victor see in the storm?
  • What does he realize
  • What has Justine been accused of?
  • Why doesnt Victor tell anyone about the
  • What happens to Justine?

Chapter 8
  • Frankensteins selfish desire to conceal the
    truth causes Justines death
  • The word creature is used to refer to Elizabeth
    and Justine
  • Shelley challenges us to ask how much we can
    trust language words can be manipulated

Chapter 9
  • Victor is suicidal oh poor victim
  • Revolts him to the reader
  • romantic images nature

Chapter 10
  • Meets creature will ultimately bring misery upon
  • Victors conversation with creature fallen
    angel supreme innocence with evil
  • Sees himself as Adam creature begs for
  • THEME parenting
  • Creature is like a sheep gone astray
  • If Victor hate the creature, who will love him?
  • Victors abandonment is what makes the creature
    what he is

Chapter 10
  • THEME parenting
  • No one to foster kindness in him
  • How dare you sport thus with life?
  • Lack of looking ahead and unwillingness to care
    of consequences
  • If the creature is evil, so is Frankenstein

Chapter 11
  • Creature begins narrating
  • Creature is very infant-like experiences the
    world as a child might
  • Creature weeps out of fear and pain
  • Does not kill anything to obtain nourishment
    truly peaceful truly innocent
  • The more we learn about the Creature, the more
    our opinion of Victor falls

Chapter 12
  • THEME Knowledge brings destruction (ignorance
    is bliss)
  • When the Creature sees his reflection, he is
  • The reader knows the can never over come the
    obstacles of his appearance
  • We are intended to identify with the creature as
    an outcast
  • We understand that he will NEVER integrate into
    human society

Chapter 13
  • Creature asks WHAT am I? not WHO am I?
  • Consuming desire to belong to this family
  • Identifies with them they were exiled as he was
  • Creature is ignorant of human nature humans
    cannot get along with each other, let alone a new
  • THEME parenting
  • Creature contemplates the lack of guidance in his
  • Victors neglect is horrifying

Chapter 14
  • Shows attachment to the family portrays various
    types of human interaction
  • The tale of the family contains the best and
    worst traits of human nature
  • Danger if creature is not well-received, he now
    has tools to wreak vengeance
  • THEME basic human need for companionship
  • From his hovel, the Creature cranes his neck to
    hear every word from his friends

Chapter 15
  • Creature is becoming more human
  • Extreme rejection is ironic never has he been
    more learned, never more human
  • Creature realizes how he came to be no love in
    his creation

POP QUIZ Ch. 11-16
  • How does the Creature feel when he realizes how
    he was created?
  • How are the Creature and Satan different? The
  • What happens when he rescues the little girl?
  • What does the Creature want from Victor?
  • What does Victor agree to do?

Chapter 16
  • Image of fire is prevalent anger/ fire is
  • Vengeance unleashedlogical target is
  • Essentially declares war on all humans
  • Problem how he chooses his victims
  • If the creature looks to reproduce marriage, if
    that is his ultimate goal, how will Williams
    death achieve this?
  • Creature looks to reproduce marriage

Chapter 17
  • Frankenstein is back as the narrator
  • Frankenstein is convinced to make another
    creature by the Creatures reasonable tone (you
    are my creator)
  • The Creature begs Victor to help him not to hate,
    to banish evil from his body.
  • Even Satan was loved by his creator he CHOSE to
    reject his creator the Creature had no such
  • Why did God make Eve?

Chapter 18
  • Puts off marrying Elizabeth
  • Victor goes to England
  • Doesnt alert his family to the danger
  • Only acts when a stimulus is applied or when
    disaster has already struck and it is too late to
    take precautions failure to plan ahead
  • Until Creature is happy, Victor will not be happy
  • THEME Secrecy
  • Victor is enslaved by his secret

Chapter 19
  • Image of blasted treechaos, destruction
  • Frankenstein felt a boltsevered, cut off
    relishes his sorrow
  • Decision to create 2nd creatureselling his soul
    forever (in cold blood)
  • Creature threatens to kill his family, not him

Chapter 20
  • Frankenstein breaks his promise noble or stupid?
  • Makes an aggressive stand for the first time and
    refuses to sell his soul abandonment of
  • Chooses to save himself and not his family?

Chapter 21
  • Ironic that he is accused of Clervals murder
  • He is actually guilty.
  • Acquittal by man is meaningless he is guilty in
    his heart.
  • Frankenstein slowly dies with each murder
  • Frankenstein has low emotional intelligence.

Chapter 22
  • Lack of control last happy day of Frankensteins
  • Involvement of Elizabeth in scheme is selfish
  • Frankenstein is entranced in magic does he
    stand a chance?
  • Why does he think HE will be murdered?
  • Creature CAN deliver on his threats
  • Creature sees himself as less than human
  • Gap between Frankenstein and Creature is

Chapter 23
  • Reader knows Elizabeth will be killed why
    doesnt Victor (very scripted)
  • This is the one murder he had the chance to
    prevent and doesnt
  • Victor and his creature have never been more
    alike both utterly alone in the world parallel

Chapter 24
  • Victor lives only for revenge
  • Cat and mouse game with Creature
  • Creature has what he has always wanted Victors
    absolute attention
  • Power inversion the Creature is now in control
  • Walton returns as narrator
  • Frankenstein loses his strength and his soul bit
    by bit

Chapter 24
  • How do we view his story?
  • Has Victor changed at all through the course of
    his story? Has Walton?
  • If the purpose of scientific research is to help
    mankind, how has Victor helped?
  • Victor told his story to Walton to advise him
    not to be foolish in his pursuit of knowledge
    Walton has not learned anything from it. He
    still desires to pursue knowledge at any cost,
    though he agrees to go home.

Chapter 24
  • Creatures final scene is touching
  • He views Victor as his father, but his father
    never gave him a name.
  • What does this say about Victor?
  • Frankenstein has become associated with the
    idea of monster
  • Who is the monster?

  • Though Frankenstein was written almost 200 years
    ago, many of its themes are still applicable to
    todays society. Some themes man playing god,
    for instance are even more pertinent to todays
    world than to Mary Shelleys. Mankind is growing
    more and more powerful in terms of scientific
    discovery, through its understanding and
    manipulation of biology and of DNA in particular.
    With great power comes opportunity for great
    corruption and turmoil. Frankenstein helps us
    understand that it is not, necessarily, bad
    people we have to fear a greater danger might
    come from good people with good motives, like
    Victor, who are capable creating monsters. Are we
    destined to lose control over the monsters? For
    this reason, understanding the significance of
    Frankenstein is essential for todays youth, to
    be aware of both the benefits and the
    consequences of science.
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