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How to Paraphrase and Quote, Lesson 1

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Title: How to Paraphrase and Quote, Lesson 1


1
How to Paraphrase and Quote, Lesson 1
  • with The Glass Castle

2
Purpose
  • Paraphrasing and quoting the published work
    requires going back into the text. Checking the
    text ensures that my own writing will be specific
    and accurate.
  • Paraphrasing is an efficient way to sum up
    material.
  • Quotes are evidence. I refer to a published
    writers specific words to support my own ideas.

3
The job Analyze a Symbol
  • Students are assigned to one of 5 symbols and
    will become experts on it. You will DISCUSS,
    WRITE and then PRESENT the following
  • Explain when the symbol appearsdescribe it
    clearly.
  • Explain why Jeannette remembers it by explaining
    how she feels about it.

4
Practice topic Arrival in NYC
  • When Jeannette Walls moves to NYC, her life
    changes dramatically. We will review and discuss
    the actual event of her arrival.
  • Step 1. Find the best quote in the text.

5
  • Answer the excerpt
  • It was dusk when I got my first glimpse of it
    off in the distance, beyond a ridge. All I could
    see were the spires and blocky tops of buildings.
    And then we reached the crest of the ridge, and
    there, across a wide river, was a huge island
    jammed tip to tip with skyscrapers, their glass
    glowing like fire in the setting sun.
  • from The Glass Castle, by Jeannette Walls,
    page 245

6
Step 2 Decide which part of the quote is
relevant.
  • It was dusk when I got my first glimpse of it
    off in the distance, beyond a ridge. All I could
    see were the spires and blocky tops of buildings.
    And then we reached the crest of the ridge, and
    there, across a wide river, was a huge island
    jammed tip to tip with skyscrapers, their glass
    glowing like fire in the setting sun.

7
Answer The whole quote is relevant because its
all description of NYC.
  • It was dusk when I got my first glimpse of it
    off in the distance, beyond a ridge. All I could
    see were the spires and blocky tops of buildings.
    And then we reached the crest of the ridge, and
    there, across a wide river, was a huge island
    jammed tip to tip with skyscrapers, their glass
    glowing like fire in the setting sun.

8
Step 3 Analyze the text
  • Different people may interpret the mood, or
    underlying emotion, of this passage differently.
    What do you think Jeannette is feeling? Whats
    the mood?
  • It was dusk when I got my first glimpse of it
    off in the distance, beyond a ridge. All I could
    see were the spires and blocky tops of buildings.
    And then we reached the crest of the ridge, and
    there, across a wide river, was a huge island
    jammed tip to tip with skyscrapers, their glass
    glowing like fire in the setting sun.

9
  • Answer There is more than one correct answer.
    Some answers will be better than others some
    will be too off-base to be considered. For the
    most part, when I analyze, I can say almost
    anything as long as I provide good evidence.

10
Step 4 Choose evidence.
  • Decide which words are really important, and
    should be included in my own writing. I need to
    choose words and phrases that support my own
    ideas.
  • It was dusk when I got my first glimpse of it
    off in the distance, beyond a ridge. All I could
    see were the spires and blocky tops of buildings.
    And then we reached the crest of the ridge, and
    there, across a wide river, was a huge island
    jammed tip to tip with skyscrapers, their glass
    glowing like fire in the setting sun.

11
Answer Most people mark these parts some people
mark differently.
  • It was dusk when I got my first glimpse of it
    off in the distance, beyond a ridge. All I could
    see were the spires and blocky tops of buildings.
    And then we reached the crest of the ridge, and
    there, across a wide river, was a huge island
    jammed tip to tip with skyscrapers, their glass
    glowing like fire in the setting sun.

12
Step 5 Write.
  • When my writing purpose is to analyze another
    authors text, I need to
  • paraphrase the relevant text
  • weave important words and phrases of the text
    into my writing
  • include my own analysis, too
  • Note this basically sums up what you have to do
    in an essay paragraph.

13
Step 5 Do it! Actually use the highlighted
words, or most of them, and paraphrase the rest.
Your job is to describe the symbol when it
appears tell how Jeannette feels about it. (1-3
sentences)
  • It was dusk when I got my first glimpse of it
    off in the distance, beyond a ridge. All I could
    see were the spires and blocky tops of buildings.
    And then we reached the crest of the ridge, and
    there, across a wide river, was a huge island
    jammed tip to tip with skyscrapers, their glass
    glowing like fire in the setting sun.

14
  • My writing. Notice where I paraphrase, weave
    quotes, and analyze. Identify whats missing.
  • When Jeannette Walls approaches NYC at dusk,
    she sees only the tops of buildings. She is
    excited and amazed when she can finally see the
    whole city, and remembers always a huge island
    jammed tip to tip with skyscrapers, their glass
    glowing like fire in the setting sun.
  • The excerpt
  • It was dusk when I got my first glimpse of
    it off in the distance, beyond a ridge. All I
    could see were the spires and blocky tops of
    buildings. And then we reached the crest of the
    ridge, and there, across a wide river, was a huge
    island jammed tip to tip with skyscrapers, their
    glass glowing like fire in the setting sun.

15
Purpose of MLA in-text citation
  • to carefully identify someone elses words and
    ideas, and not claim them as my own
  • to use someone elses words and ideas to support
    my own ideas
  • to identify the original source of the quoted
    material
  • to refer the reader to the correct entry on the
    Works Cited page entries begin with the authors
    last name
  • to refer the reader to the exact page of the
    quotation in the original text

16
How To
  • In parenthesis, give the authors last name, 1
    space, and the page number.
  • Example (Walls 245)
  • Put this after the quote and before the period.
  • There are, of course, all kinds of special rules.
    For now, well include author page in every
    sentence with a quote, for practice.

17
Some special rules
  • If a sentence has more than 1 quote from the same
    page, I only need 1 citation after the last
    quote. If a sentence has more than 1 quote and
    they come from different pages, each quote will
    need its own citation.
  • If the authors name is given in the sentence
    that includes a quote, I dont have to include
    the authors last name in the parenthesis I just
    include the page number.

18
My writing, with MLA citations
  • When Jeannette Walls approaches NYC at dusk,
    she sees only the tops of buildings (245). She
    is excited and amazed when she finally can see
    the whole city, and remembers always a huge
    island jammed tip to tip with skyscrapers, their
    glass glowing like fire in the setting sun
    (Walls 245).

19
Your turn Analyze a Symbol
  • DISCUSS, WRITE 1-3 sentences, and then PRESENT
    the following
  • Explain when the symbol appears describe it
    clearly.
  • Explain why Jeannette remembers it by explaining
    how she feels about it.
  • fire (15, 33-4)
  • Joshua tree (35, 38)
  • Venus (39-41)
  • braces (201-2)
  • cheetah (106-9)
  • Remember to
  • paraphrase relevant text
  • weave important words and phrases into your
    writing
  • include analysis

20
Homework
  • Using A Published Authors Text
  • In Your Own Writing
  • 20 points
  • (hand-out)
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