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Sustainability and Globalization International approaches to solving Global problems

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Title: Sustainability and Globalization International approaches to solving Global problems


1
Sustainability and GlobalizationInternational
approaches to solving Global problems
2
Sustainability meet the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their own needs.-from the
United Nations General Assembly (1987) Report of
the World Commission on Environment and
Development Our Common Future.
3
A Brief History of the United Nations involvement
in Sustainability
4
Early actions
1949 UN Scientific Conference on the
conservation of resources 1968 UN Economic and
Social Council decided to hold the first
Earth Summit in 1972
5
The First Earth Summit 1972
  • UN Scientific Conference on the Human
    Environment
  • 1972 in Stockholm
  • Recommendations for international environmental
    action.
  • Established the Governing Council of the UN
    Environment Programme (UNEP)

6
Post Earth Summit
  • 1987 Environmental Perspective to the Year 2000
    and Beyond.
  • 1988 The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
    Change.
  • 1989 Montreal Protocol
  • 1992 The UN Conference on Environment and
    Development (aka The Earth Summit)

7
The UN Conference on Environment and Development
  • 1992 Rio de Janeiro
  • AKA The Earth Summit
  • Agenda 21
  • UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

8
Treaties to protect the environment
  • Usually two types
  • Ones that deal with specific locations, entities
    (i.e., a particular river), or a species.
  • And ones that are global.

9
Treaties to protect the environment
  • Each treaty may result in
  • Regular meetings of the members
  • A secretariat a small office to facilitate the
    meetings.
  • A group of scientific advisees.

10
Difficulties in implementing the treaties
  • Secretariat may not have power to verify reports
    from members.
  • Secretariat may not have funding to enforce
    treaties.
  • Lack of central locations for all of these
    treaties means that there is overlap and
    redundancy.

11
Difficulties in implementing the treaties
  • Trade agreements sometimes conflict with
    Environmental treaties.
  • Members may lack the funds or technology to
    implement treaties.

12
United Nations work
  • Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD)
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
    (IPCC)
  • UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

13
Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD)
  • Created at 1992 Earth Summit.
  • Forum for reviewing progress of Agenda 21.
  • Monitors activities of governments, private
    sector, etc.
  • The UN Division of Sustainable Development is its
    secretariat.

14
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
(IPCC)
  • To study greenhouse warming and climate change
  • To study the global effect of climate change on
    sea level, food production, water resources, etc.
  • Has established itself as the state of the art
    interpretation of data.

15
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • Signing of this treaty began at the Rio Earth
    Summit in 1992.
  • Recognized that the climate system is a shared
    resource.
  • Kyoto Protocol is an addition to the treaty.

16
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • Climate Change Secretariat is located in Bonn,
    Germany
  • Coordinates with the IPCC and the GEF.
  • Major agreement on Carbon Equity
  • per capita emissions should be more equitable
    across the world

17
Action within countries
  • Climate change need to change over to
    Carbon-neutral sources.
  • Cap and trade of Carbon dioxide
  • Building codes
  • Transportation
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