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Unit 2: Foundations of American Government

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Unit 2: Foundations of American Government Part I Our English Heritage The Magna Carta The Great Charter 1215 England Nobles rebelled against the King and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 2: Foundations of American Government


1
Unit 2 Foundations of American Government
  • Part I Our English Heritage

2
The Magna CartaThe Great Charter
  • 1215 England
  • Nobles rebelled against the King and forced him
    to sign a document that protected their rights

3
Rule of Law
  • The law applies to everyone

4
Limited Government
  • The government is not all powerful

5
The Development of Parliament
  • Late 1300s-Present
  • Started as a advisory group to King then evolved
    into a representative legislature a lawmaking
    body

6
The Development of Parliament
  • The Glorious Revolution Parliament removes King
    James II and puts William and Mary on thrown.
    Parliament now stronger than King

7
Representative Government
  • The people are the source of government power
  • (POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY)

8
The Ideas of the Enlightenment
  • 1600s-1700s
  • Philosophical movement that believed God had
    created an orderly universe and that the laws of
    this universe could be discovered using reason.

9
NATURAL RIGHTS
  • Rights people are BORN with that NO GOVERNMENT
    CAN DENY

10
Social Contract
  • Agreement between GOVERNMENT and the PEOPLE

11
Self Government
  • That people can RULE THEMSELVES IN AN ORDERLY
    MANNER

12
The English Bill of Rights
  • 1689
  • Further LIMITED Kings power and increased the
    RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE
  • Right to
  • Free elections
  • Fair Trial
  • No cruel and unusual punishment

13
English Common Law
  • Developed over time
  • Law that rests on previous court decisions
    (Precedents)
  • Makes law fair and consistent
  • Bases for our
  • Divorce
  • Civil

14
Philosophers of the Enlightenment
15
Thomas Hobbes(1588-1679)
  • People could not rule themselves
  • Have to have a strong government
  • Social Contract Give up rights to absolute
    monarch for protection from a violent death

16
John Locke(1632-1704)
  • Natural Rights all people are born with basic
    rights (Life, Liberty, Property)
  • Social Contract Relation between government and
    the people is a contract
  • People obey laws
  • Government protects rights
  • Right to rebel if the government fails to
    protect the rights of the people it is the right
    of the people to destroy that government

17
Jean-Jacques Rousseau(1712-1778)
  • Everywhere gov. is oppressing the people
  • The only just gov. is one the people create

18
Baron de Montesquieu(1689-1755)
  • Gov. needs power but power corrupts
  • Protect the people by separating the powers of
    gov. into three branches
  • Write the laws
  • Enforce the laws
  • Interpret the laws

19
Answer the EQ
  • Using two examples of from your notes on Our
    English Heritage answer the following question
  • What characteristics of their English heritage
    influenced the founding fathers in the
    development of American democracy and how?
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