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The Ancient Egyptians

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Title: The Ancient Egyptians Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: Samantha Meeker Created Date: 11/11/2004 8:31:24 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Ancient Egyptians


1
The Ancient Middle East
Chapter 2
2
2. The Ancient Egyptians
3
A View of Egypt by Satellite
4
(No Transcript)
5
The Fertile Nile Valley
4000 MILES LONG!
6
The Annual Flooding of the Nile
Entire Civilization relied on the FLOOD!
7
Nile Irrigation-the Shaduf
An irrigation tool to draw water (well)
8
Ancient Egyptian History
Periods Time Frame
Nile Culture Begins 3900 B. C. E.
Archaic 3100 2650 B. C. E.
Old Kingdom 2650 2134 B. C. E.
Middle Kingdom 2040 1640 B. C. E.
New Kingdom 1550 1070 B. C. E.
Late Period 750 332 B. C. E.
Greek Ptolemaic Era 332 30 B. C. E.
Roman Period 30 B. C. E. 395 C. E.
9
Menes Unifier of Upper Lower Egypt
c. 3050 B. C. E. ?
10
Ancient Egyptian Housing
Middle Class Homes
Peasant Homes
11
Scenes of Ancient EgyptianDaily Life
12
Making Ancient Egyptian Beer
13
Making Ancient Egyptian Wine
14
Egyptian Social Hierarchy
15
Some Famous Egyptian Pharaohs
Tutankhamon1336-1327 B. C. E.
Thutmose III1504-1450 B. C. E.
Ramses II1279-1212 B. C. E.
16
Egyptian Nobility
17
Egyptian Priestly Class
18
Egyptian Scribe
19
Papyrus ? Paper
Hieratic Scroll Piece
Papyrus Plant
20
Champollion the Rosetta Stone
21
Hieroglyphic Cartouche
22
Hieroglyphics Alphabet
24 letters 700 phonetic symbols
23
Egyptian Creation Myth
The Goddess Nut (of sky)
24
Egyptian Gods GoddessesThe Sacred Trinity
Osiris Isis
Horus
25
Preparations for the Underworld
ANUBIS weighs the dead persons heart against a
feather.
Priests protected your KA, or soul-spirit
26
Preparation for the Afterlife
27
Egyptian Mummies
Ramses II1279-1212 B. C. E.
Seti I1291-1278 B. C. E.
Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep II1210-1200 B. C.
E.
28
Journey to the Underworld
The dead travel on the Solar Bark.
A boat for the journey is provided for a dead
pharaoh in his tomb.
29
Egyptian Book of the Dead
30
The Final Judgement
Anubis
Horus Osiris
31
Shabtis The Pharaohs Servants in the
Afterlife
32
Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara
33
Bent Pyramid of King Sneferu
34
Giza Pyramid Complex
35
Plan of the Great Pyramid of Khufu
36
The Valley of the Kings
37
Archaeologist, Howard Carter (1922)
38
Entrance to King Tuts Tomb
39
King Tutankhamons Death Mask
1336-1327 B. C. E.
40
King Tutankhamon
41
King Tutankhamuns Tomb
42
Treasures From Tuts Tomb
43
The Valley of the Queens
Temple of Queen Hatshepsut
1473-1458 B. C. E.
44
The Ankh The Cross of Life
45
Abu SimbelMonument to Ramses II
1279-1213 B. C. E.
46
Who Are These Strange People?
47
Routes of the Sea Peoples
The end of the Bronze Age!
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