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The Nile River Valley

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Egyptians also used a shadoof (bucket attached to a long pole) to get water from the river. Uniting Egypt At first Upper and Lower Egypt were not united. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Nile River Valley


1
The Nile River Valley
  • With an astounding length of 4,145 miles, the
    Nile River is the longest river in the world, and
    the only major river that flows south to north.
  • The Nile River is often called the lifeblood or
    The Gift of Egypt.

2
Upper and Lower Egypt
  • Ancient Egypt includes two regions, upper
    (southern) and lower (Northern) Egypt

3
Blue and White Nile
  • At its source, The Nile is 2 separate rivers the
    Blue Nile flows out of the mountains and meets
    with the White Nile.

4
Cataracts
  • Along the Nile there are locations called
    cataracts. The cataracts prevented invasions from
    the South along the Nile River. The rushing and
    swirling water was too difficult to travel along.

5
Geography of Egypt
  • Harsh deserts surrounded the Nile river. The
    Libyan and Eastern deserts acted as a natural
    barrier against invasions.
  • The Nile River flooded each year to create a long
    narrow corridor about 12 miles wide of very
    fertile soil.
  • When the land was covered in silt ,it looked
    black. They called this the black land or Kemet.
  • The dry area looked red so they called it the red
    land.

6
Delta
  • Before the Nile reaches the Mediterranean Sea, it
    splits into many branches. These waterways form a
    fan-shaped area of fertile land called a delta.

7
Flood season
  • The Inundation was the time from June to
    September. This was the time of the flood. During
    this time, Egyptians were paid to work for the
    Pharaoh on building projects.

8
Flood season
  • The Emergence of the land from the water
    covering was from October to February. During
    this time, Egyptians planted and captured as much
    water as possible in irrigation ditches.
  • The last of the three seasons was the drought
    season. During the drought, the harvest took
    place.

9
Papyrus
  • Papyrus was one of the most versatile plants
    growing along the Nile. The plant was used to
    make paper, sandals, boats, ropes, and even
    paintbrushes.

10
Hieroglyphics
  • The Egyptians came up with a writing system
    called hieroglyphics. It was a combination of
    pictures and sound symbols.
  • Scribes wrote on papyrus.

11
People of the Nile
  • Egyptian people also ate fish from the river, but
    the Pharaoh never ate fish because it was
    considered unclean from the Nile waters.
  • Most Egyptians were farmers. They lived in
    mud-brick one story houses on small rented plots
    of land.

12
Advances in farming
  • Canals were dug from the Nile to the farms for
    irrigation. Egyptians also used a shadoof (bucket
    attached to a long pole) to get water from the
    river.

13
Uniting Egypt
  • At first Upper and Lower Egypt were not united.
  • Upper Egypt was symbolized by a white cone-shaped
    crown.
  • Lower Egypt was symbolized by a red crown.
  • Around 3100BC, Narmer (Menes) from Upper Egypt
    conquered Lower Egypt and married one of their
    princesses, uniting both kingdoms.

14
Dynasties
  • Menes is considered Egypts first Pharaoh.
  • He also created the first dynasty (line of rulers
    from the same family) in Egypt.
  • He also built a new capital city that was later
    called Memphis.
  • From 3100 BC to 332 BC a series of 32 dynasties
    ruled Egypt. These time periods are known as the
    Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New Kingdom.
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