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French and Indian War 1754 - 1763

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French and Indian War 1754 - 1763 Why Was This A Cause of the American Revolution? The Causes: Britain and France are Rivals Britain moving west into New France Who ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: French and Indian War 1754 - 1763


1
French and Indian War 1754 - 1763
  • Why Was This A Cause of the American Revolution?

2
  • The Causes
  • Britain and France are Rivals
  • Britain moving west into New France

3
Who is Fighting?
French and most Native Americans
British, 13 colonies (sort of), Iroquois (hardly)
4
The British Side
  • British
  • Colonies
  • Iroquois
  • Fight European Style - In Rows
  • Ben Franklins Albany Plan of Union tries to get
    colonies to help England - Colonies say NO!
  • Avoid most fighting
  • Only want goods

5
The French Side
  • French
  • Most Native Americans
  • Coureurs de Bois, military fought like Indians -
    Guerilla Warfare
  • Feared the English moving west in large numbers

6
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7
Albany Plan of Union
  • Ben Franklin of Pennsylvania urges 13 colonies
    (who dont get along), to create a union to help
    the British war effort
  • Colonies refuse lack of cooperation
  • British arent disappointed fear the colonies
    working together might create a problem

8
  1. In Ben Franklins cartoon above, what does each
    section of the snake represent?
  2. What was Franklin trying to accomplish with the
    printing of this piece?
  3. How does this cartoon relate to the Albany Plan?

9
Causes of the French and Indian War
  • Fashion
  • Land Claims
  • Rivalry
  • Furs are wanted in Europe
  • English colonies push west into New France
  • England and France despise each other

10
Battles
  • Fort Duquesne
  • French Fort in what is now Pittsburgh
  • Three rivers allow for travel, trade
  • George Washington and troops sent to capture it,
    but caught by Indians and run away

11
George Washington as a 23 year old Lieutenant in
the Virginia Militia
12
Fort Duquesne owned by French. Why was its
location important?
13
Guerilla Warfare - hiding and fighting in small
groups. Hit and Run tactics learned from
Native Americans. Who fought this way? What
advantages did it bring? Look closely - where is
this location?
14
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15
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16
  • Fort Necessity
  • Washington and men have 24 hours to build fort
  • Small, poorly built, Moronicstupididioticnumskull
    location
  • French and NAs capture Fort, send Washington and
    men home w/o weapons

17
Fort Necessity - Are you impressed?
18
(No Transcript)
19
  • Edward Bulldog Braddock
  • Fights European style - in rows
  • French learned to fight like NAs - hiding and
    quiet (Guerilla Warfare)
  • Braddocks Sneak Attack heard for miles
  • Braddock and 500 other Brits killed, Washington
    has troops run away
  • French and NAs lose 50

20
Creative Writing Bulldog Braddock down! Guess
what his last words were.
21
Turning Point
  • Brits capture Quebec (1759)
  • Cuts off supply route to French and NA troops
  • Too many British troops outlast the outnumbered
    French
  • French surrender in 1763

22
Effects of F and I War
  • Britain gets Canada, all lands to Mississippi
    except New Orleans
  • Britain gets Florida from Spain (Spain jumped in
    at the end)
  • Issues between colonists and NAs west of App.
    Mtns.
  • Because the colonies refused to fight or pay for
    war here, Britain is in debt
  • Britain decides to have colonies pay taxes for
    war debt (people in England paid taxes, colonists
    did not)
  • These taxes (Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Townshend
    Acts) lead to Revolutionary War
  • Treaty of Paris (1763)
  • War Debt for Britain
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