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History of Iowa

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History of Iowa Iowa s Early History--Indians Saux and Fox Two most powerful tribes in this area They hunted and established villages along the Mississippi and Rock ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History of Iowa


1
History of Iowa
2
Iowas Early History--Indians
  • Saux and Fox
  • Two most powerful tribes in this area
  • They hunted and established villages along the
    Mississippi and Rock Rivers (Quad Cities)
  • Blackhawk War
  • Chief Blackhawk fought a war against the white
    people in Illinois (LOST)
  • Mesquaki
  • Only tribe living in Iowa today
  • Tama County

3
Iowas first settlers
  • Natural Resources
  • Wood (Timber in the East)
  • Good land (prairie/tall grass)
  • Lots of rivers
  • Coal (southern Iowa)
  • Mormon Trail
  • Across the Southern Part of Iowa (US 34)

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Road to Statehood
  • 1803Iowa was part of Louisiana Purchase
  • 1808---Ft. Madison was created, first fort on the
    Mississippi River
  • 1838---Iowa becomes a US Territory
  • 1846---Iowa becomes the 29th State
  • Capitals
  • Burlington Territorial Capital of Iowa
  • Iowa City Iowas first state capital
  • Des Moines Became state capital in 1857

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Transportation
  • Rivers
  • The Mississippi River gave easy access for
    shipping goods to New Orleans
  • All large cities were located on rivers
  • Railroad
  • By 1860 Chicago had over a dozen RR lines that
    went to Iowa
  • RRs began to stretch across the state
  • Burlington, Davenport, Clinton, Dubuque had own
    lines
  • Better than water b/c it was year round way to
    transport

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Civil War
  • Iowa was in the Union
  • 75,000 served from Iowa
  • 13,001 died
  • Served most in the battles of the west (Shiloh)

11
Politics
  • Republicans
  • Dominant party early in Iowas History
  • Found more in Rural Areas
  • Scandinavian
  • Democrats
  • More popular later in Iowas History
  • Found more in Urban Areas
  • Initially Germans and Irish

12
Immigrants
  • Iowas population grew dramatically from
    1860-1870
  • 674,000---1,194,020
  • Iowa Home of Immigrants
  • Book that recruited immigrants to come to Iowa.
  • Germans and Scandinavians were the immigrant
    groups with the highest percentage of people
    moving into Iowa

13
Germans
  • Settled in a variety of areas
  • NE Iowa (Farming)
  • Along the Mississippi River (Industry and
    Farming)
  • Germans kept a lot of their same German culture
    until WWI.
  • They were primarily Methodist and Baptists
  • They were the most popular immigrant group

14
German Ancestry
15
Scandinavians
  • Scandinavians
  • Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Netherlands
  • Very Isolated
  • Norwegians (Northeast Iowa)
  • Swedes (Boone Co)
  • Danes (Southwest Iowa)
  • Dutch (Story City and Pella)

16
Norwegian Ancestry
17
Dutch Ancestry
18
African Americans
  • After the Civil War, the number of African
    Americans in Iowa increased considerably.
  • WWII
  • Extremely high migration of African Americans to
    cities within the North
  • Waterloo and Des Moines saw a significant
    increase
  • Worked in major factories (John Deere in
    Waterloo)
  • Today
  • Highest number of minorities are found in cities
  • Des Moines, Cedar Rapids, Davenport, Waterloo

19
Farming
  • Obviously a very important profession in Iowa
  • Was very profitable during WWI and WWII
  • Not profitable during Great Depression and the
    1980s
  • Farm Holiday Association
  • Withheld supplies from market.
  • Farming continued to suffer until the start of
    WWII when they were forced to grow food to supply
    troops.
  • New Ideas
  • Iowa farmers have been important in developing
    many new agricultural ideas

20
Large In-State Universities
  • University of Iowa
  • Located in Iowa City
  • Established as a liberal arts university in 1847
  • Iowa State University
  • Located in Ames
  • Established under the Morrill Act in 1862
  • University of Northern Iowa
  • Located in Cedar Falls
  • Established as a teacher college in 1876

21
Negative News about Iowa
  • Clear Lake Tragedy
  • 1959 Plane Crash involving Richie Valens, Big
    Bopper, and other famous Musicians
  • Postville Raid
  • Raid on illegal immigrants at numerous plants
    within Postville
  • University of Iowa Shooting
  • Shooter opened fire in the Van Allen building
    (1989), killed 5
  • One of the first mass shootings

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New laws within Iowa
  • Rural Free Delivery
  • Made it easier for farmers to get their news,
    mail,
  • Iowas Gay Marriage Law
  • April of 2009, made Iowa one of the handful of
    states to allow gay marriages
  • No Smoking Ban
  • In 2008, became one of a handful of states to ban
    smoking in public buildings

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Attractions
  • Iowa State Fair
  • RAGBRAIbike ride across Iowa
  • Field of DreamsDyersville, Iowa
  • Snake Alley
  • Athletics
  • College Athletics (DI, DII, DIII, NAIA, JUCO)
  • High School Athletics
  • Knoxville Nationals

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Natural Disasters
  • Disasters
  • Tornados
  • Parkersburg
  • Pomerory
  • Camanche
  • Blizzards
  • Floods
  • 1965
  • 1993
  • 2008

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