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Jazz Shortly after the War of 1812 From New Orleans, LA Instruments included trumpets, trombones, clarinets, saxophones, and drums A mixture of traditional ethnic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jazz

Chapter 9
  • Jazz

The birth of jazz
  • Shortly after the War of 1812
  • From New Orleans, LA
  • Instruments included trumpets, trombones,
    clarinets, saxophones, and drums
  • A mixture of traditional ethnic music, gospel,
    blues, ragtime, classical (from Creole musicians)

  • Jazz a musical form distinguished by its
    reliance on improvisation and its rhythmic
  • Polyrhythmic juxtaposing two or more different
  • Eubie Blake, James P. Johnson, and Earl Hines set
    norms on stride piano

Jelly Roll Morton
  • Ferdinand Morton
  • 1885-1941
  • Perfected Dixieland Jazz
  • small ensemble, one of each
  • instrument, blend of
  • simultaneous improvisation
  • Black Bottom Stomp

  • Break a measure or two where everyone stops
    playing except the soloist
  • Scat singing a form of vocal improvisation on
    nonsense syllables
  • Ella Fitzgerald - One Note Samba
  • She was discovered as a 17 year old during a
    singing competition at the Apollo Theater. She
    was the first black woman to win a Grammy Award.
    She died in 1996 in California.

Louis armstrong
  • 1898-1991
  • From New Orleans
  • Trumpet, vocals
  • Nicknamed Satchmo
  • What A Wonderful World

  • With style of hot jazz sizes of band expanded
  • Hotter Than That Lil Hardin

Reaching chicago
  • New style of jazz (1930s) swing the special
    rhythmic character that jazz musicians give to
    the music
  • Fletcher Henderson developed swing style and
    expanded jazz ensembles to compliment the style
  • Brass section 3 trumpets, 2 trombones
  • Reed section 3 or 4 saxes (double clarinets)
  • Rhythm section drums, piano, guitar and double
  • Henderson Stomp trading fours

Big band era
  • Mid 1930s, music was primarily for listening, not
  • Benny Goodman clarinetist, Russian-Jewish
    immigrant family, King of Swing, first/only
    major jazz artist to have a parallel career in
    classical music
  • Lester Young played tenor sax, ushered the
    transition from clarinet to sax
  • 32 bar form AABA form, standard jazz form
  • Bridge a connective part of a composition

  • Duke Ellington one of the most important
    American composers, wrote over 2000 pieces, It
    Dont Mean a Thing sung by Ella Fitzgerald,
    Cotton Tail
  • Chromatic incorporating tones from a musical
    scale consisting entirely of half steps
  • Mary Lou Williams popular female composer,
    Zodiac Suite (Gemini)

1940s and bebop
  • Bebop a complex and sophisticated type of
    improvised jazz, for listening rather than
  • Smaller ensemble than big band/swing, more
    freedom to improvise

Bebop musicians
  • John Birks Dizzy Gillespie trumpet
  • Charlie Yardbird Parker alto sax
  • Made melodies more chromatic, harmonies and
    rhythms became more complex, rapid tempos and
    dazzling technical displays
  • Shaw Nuff by Gillespie and Parker

  • 1950s return to Dixieland and Ragtime styles,
    developed new styles rhythm and blues and
    modal jazz
  • Dorian Mode a scale with the pattern of WHWWWHW
  • Miles Davis pioneer of modal jazz, So What
  • Thelonious Monk Smoke Gets in Your Eyes

  • 1960s/70s free jazz, similar to modal jazz,
    just more complex
  • Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock, Chick Corea, and
    Quincy Jones pushed new style of fusion
    combination of jazz and rock
  • Birdland - fusion
  • So Danco Samba - Latin
  • I Got You blues
  • Easy Listening Norah Jones, Kenny G
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