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1st Exeter Dialogue with Science Workshop

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Linda Hurcombe 8.10.2012 1st Exeter Dialogue with Science Workshop Department of Archaeology University of Exeter – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1st Exeter Dialogue with Science Workshop


1
1st Exeter Dialogue with Science Workshop
Linda Hurcombe 8.10.2012
  • Department of Archaeology
  • University of Exeter

2
Experimental Archaeology interacting range of
approaches
Exeter Dialogue workshops
  • Not one conference but series of workshops with
    small numbers
  • Preferred time of year Autumn and late Spring
  • Explore theories and methodologies
  • Present case studies
  • Develop areas of interest

3
  • 1st Exeter Dialogue with Science Workshop
  • Planning for these was begun with all Openarch
    partners in Modena in April where pedagogical and
    methodological issues were the preference
  • designed as dialogue with science (Work Package
    5) so methodologies and writing up issues
    covered.take advantage of current and planned
    projects, location etc so site visits to the boat
    project and to St Fagans
  • help information exchange between partners and
    Exeter staff students
  • the project stresses transnational experiments
    and experimental actions
  • experimental actions are written up as project
    outcomes

4
Linda Hurcombe Introduction the methods and
parameters of experimental archaeology What do
people mean by experimental archaeology? The
strengths and opportunities of experimental
archaeology What do we mean by a dialogue with
science within Openarch
5
  • What do people mean by experimental archaeology?
  • A scientific approach to testing theories based
    on archaeolgical evidence such as artefacts
    (Exarc definition)
  • Experimental archaeology is the investigation of
    archaeological issues using experiments
    (Hurcombe).
  • Archaeology by experiment (Coles)
  • Public perception can be living history,
    re-enactment, theme park

6
Lejre, Denmark
7
?Experimental ArchaeologyExperimentelle
ArchäologieArcheologia SperimentaleLinda
Hurcombe and thanks to Johanna Niederkofler,
Katrin Chania,and Lara Comis for translations,
opportunities and discussions
8
Evidence needs interpretation through
theoryFunde müssen mit Hilfe von Theorien
interpretiert werdenI fatti necessitano di
interpretazione attraverso la teoria
9
Artefacts but what about the people Funde von
Dingen aber was wissen wir über ihre
Nutzer? Oggetti ma dove sono le persone?
10
Experimental Archaeology
  • Research method and Educational tool
  • Forschungsmethode und Lehrmittel
  • Metodo di ricerca e strumento didattico
  • Like all science experiments investigate
    theories and show possibilities
  • Wie überall in der Wissenschaft Experimente
    dienen zur Überprüfung von Theorien und zum
    Zeigen von Möglichkeiten
  • Come ogni scienza gli esperimenti esplorano
    teorie e mostrano possibilitá

11
?
  • Technologies
  • Processes
  • Social interactions
  • Beliefs
  • Concepts
  • Naturalprocesses
  • Techniken
  • Prozesse
  • Soziale Interaktion
  • Weltsicht
  • Konzepte
  • Erhaltungs-bedingungen
  • Tecnologia
  • Processi
  • Interazioni sociali
  • Credenze
  • Concetti
  • Processinaturali

12
  • Actualistic studies real life and people
  • Aktualistische Studien wirkliches Leben,
    wirkliche Menschen
  • Studi realistici vita e persone reali

Ethnoarchaeology (marginal environments) Ethnoarch
äologie (Randgebiete menschlicher
Besiedlung) Etnoarcheologia (ecosistemi e societá
marginali) Experimental archaeology (lab or
field) Experimentelle Archäologie (im Labor oder
im Feld) Archeologia sperimentale (in laboratorio
o in campo)
13
Build the boat with bronze age tools, oak trees,
and yew withies Bootsbau mit bronzezeitlichen
Werkzeugen, Eichenholz und Eibenschößlingen Costr
uire la barca con strumenti delletá del Bronzo,
quercia e polloni di tasso
sewn plank boat c 2000 BC genähtes Boot Barca
in tavolato cucito
14
Sea trials perhaps wet feet! Testfahrt im
Meer keine Angst vor nassen Füßen! Test di
navigazione in mare piedi bagnati?
15
Butser Iron Age Farm, UK Conceived as 20 year
research project also open to the public 20 Jahre
Forschung, für die Öffentlichkeit zugänglich Un
progetto di ricerca di 20 anni e aperto al
pubblico
16
Construction techniques and weathering Konstruktio
nsmöglichkeiten und Haltbarkeit Tecniche di
costruzione e manutenzione
17
Farm as complex system land, crops, animals,
buildings, storage and people Bauernhof als
komplexes System Land, Feldfrüchte, Tiere,
Gebäude, Vorratshaltung, Menschen Insediamento
rurale come un sistema complesso terra,
coltivazioni, animali, costruzioni, stoccaggio e
persone
18
Experiments storing grain in pits grain is good
for food and seed Experimente zur Vorratshaltung
von Getreide in Erdgruben geeignet für Verzehr
und Aussaat Esperimento sullo stoccaggio del
grano in fosse utile sia per utilizzo alimentare
sia come semente
19
Using stone tools Verwendung von
Steinwerkzeugen Utilizzo di strumenti litici
to compare wear traces but what materials and
what tasks? Vergleich von Abnutzungsspuren aber
von welchen Materialien und welchen
Vorgängen? Per confrontare i segni duso ma con
quali materiali e quali obbiettivi?
20
Issues in experimental archaeology
  • Short vs long term
  • Public presentation
  • Publication (amateur and researcher)
  • Expertise materials
  • Variables controls replication
  • Relevant records
  • A dialogue with science? Or a tableau?

21
Are visitors to a traditional museum doing
archaeology? Are visitors to an experimental
archaeology open air centre doing experimental
archaeology?
22
Experimental Archaeology interacting range of
approaches
Experiment - a scientific investigation contribu
tes to archaeological research issues or the
means of communicating these issues Experience -
participation in an action or within an
environment can contribute to research and to
effective public engagement and education
Demonstration - showing a process Usually
contributes to communication, public engagement
and education
23
Experimental Archaeology interacting range of
approaches
24
Experimental Actions strengths in Archaeological
Open Air Museums
  • Space inside and outside
  • Time longevity many days per annum and
    multi-year projects
  • Diversity each has different climate, soils,
    time periods
  • People staff researchers/presenters/volunteers
    public of all kinds - families and children!
  • Living settings interactions between
    tasks/spaces/people/seasons/crops/animals
  • Tools/structures performance and maintenance
    until exhaustion
  • Depositional processes and formation/survival of
    archaeological evidence
  • Sustainability and climate change agendas

25
Experimental Actions weaknesses
  • Use of Space needs to be in keeping with period
    and safe for public
  • Time longterm commitments need to cope with
    many people or change in personnel
  • Diversity no clear patterns
  • Staff /volunteers need to do their job not make
    records
  • public - difficult to keep records comparable and
    record the diversity of participants
  • Living settings interactions between
    tasks/spaces/people/seasons/crops/animals
    reasoned guess
  • Tools/structures performance and maintenance
    until exhaustion may not be truly comparable to
    past practices
  • Depositional processes and formation/survival of
    archaeological evidence changes can be
    exponential and influenced by sporadic events

26
What do we mean by a dialogue with science within
Openarch? Framing investigations in the
scientific way to advance archaeological
research and improve the visitor experience
27
Products Book
  • 3 fold approach - taking account of who is
    designing and recording the experiment and its
    intended publication route
  • Examples of good practices on the methodology of
    experimental archaeology for different contexts
    and across different subjects
  • Examples of recording methods easy to use or to
    adapt

28
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