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Section 2: Cultures and Societies

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Section 2: Cultures and Societies Human Society: an organized group of people identified by its customs, traditions, and way of life Characteristics of culture The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Section 2: Cultures and Societies


1
Section 2 Cultures and Societies
  • Human Society an organized group of people
    identified by its customs, traditions, and way of
    life

2
  • Characteristics of culture
  • The process of learning culture enculturation
  • People learn to speak the same language, wear
    similar clothes, similar food, share the same
    values
  • Culture traits
  • Characteristics of a culture
  • Material characteristics
  • Objects clothes, buildings, artworks and
    machines
  • Nonmaterial
  • Practices and beliefs customs, ceremonies,
    spoken language, and religion
  • Cultural patterns Group of related cultural
    traits
  • Example language patterns written language and
    spoken language

3
  • Cultures change
  • Japan has only one culture
  • Its people have a very long history of cultural
    unity
  • Other countries have many different cultures
  • Cultural borrowing- when cultures interact, they
    sometimes take culture traits from one another
    and use them as their own

4
  • Cultures spread
  • Spread of culture is called Cultural diffusion
  • Technology has contributed to cultural diffusion
  • Technology is the skills and knowledge that put
    science to everyday use
  • Assimilation vs. Acculturation
  • Assimilation new members of a society that give
    up their old cultural ways
  • Acculturation the more powerful society forces
    its culture on the less powerful society

5
  • National Culture
  • Ethnic groups- a group of people who have the
    same culture and share a way of life
  • Cultural diversity- having different ethnic
    groups within the same country
  • Even with many cultural groups people unite under
    a national culture
  • A countrys heritage
  • Celebrating national holidays promotes a
    countries history
  • Saying the pledge
  • Singing the national anthem
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