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The Management of International Organizational Behavior

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Descriptive Theory Value Judgments Ethnocentrism and Culture Shock ... to national cultural differences U.S. studies focus on individual ... presentation format: On ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Management of International Organizational Behavior


1
The Management of International Organizational
Behavior
  • Chapter 1

1-1
2
Learning Objectives
  • Define international organizational behavior
  • Understand why it is important to study IOB
  • Compare industrialization and culture as
    explanations for IOB
  • Know the role of theory in the study of IOB
  • Explain the benefits of the comparative
    perspective for studying IOB

1-2
3
Globalization
  • A social process in which the constraints of
    geography on social and cultural arrangements
    recede, and in which people become increasingly
    aware that they are receding

1-3
4
What is International Organizational Behavior?
  • The study of behavior in organizations around the
    world
  • Different societies continue to have distinctive
    organizational arrangements
  • IOB adds the dimension of culture to OB theories
    originated from the West, particularly from the
    U.S.

1-4
5
How Traditional OB Theories Differ From IOB
Theories?
  • U.S. based OB theories are not sensitive to
    national cultural differences
  • U.S. studies focus on individual roles and the
    functioning of groups
  • U.S. methodology emphasizes the scientific method

1-5
6
Why Study IOB?
  • Competitive Advantage
  • To gain a better understanding of the external
    environment and learn ideas and successful
    practices from other cultures
  • Organizational Analysis
  • To improve understanding of organizations and
    global management practices
  • Cultural Analysis
  • To generate insights into ones own and others
    cultures

1-6
7
Explaining IOB
  • Industrialization Vs. Culture
  • Industrialization as an independent variable
  • Multiple cultures based on ethnicity, religion,
    social class, or some combination
  • External and internal cultures
  • Limitations of Cultural Explanations
  • Difficulty in measurement
  • Within culture diversity
  • Other factors

1-7
8
Theory and IOB
  • Normative Vs. Descriptive Theory
  • Value Judgments
  • Ethnocentrism and Culture Shock
  • Polycentrism A host country oriented approach
  • Geocentrism A world-oriented approach

1-8
9
Examples of the Comparative Perspective
  • Global processes
  • Globalization of the international financial
    industry
  • Urbanization and major cities as centers of power
    and control
  • Management pluralism
  • Cultural factors influencing management
    philosophies and practices

1-9
10
Models of Management
Management Ideology and Practice U.S. U.K. Germany Spain
Scientific Management Rejected Rejected
Human Relations Rejected
Structural Analysis Rejected
11
Convergence or Divergence?
  • Globalization of markets and production
  • Transformation of work
  • Major cities as centers of power and control
  • Global institutions
  • Distinct cultural elements influence management
    of organizations
  • Differences in management philosophies and
    practices remain as culturally appropriate

1-10
12
Implications for Managers
  • Understand how culture influences OB
  • Distinguish between normative and descriptive
    theories
  • Evaluate existing theories and gain new knowledge
    of effective management

1-11
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