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... Don t count your chickens before they hatch. Don t just write: Wait until the chickens have hatched before counting them. Instead, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Summarizing/Paraphrasing

  • A summary is a short piece of writing about a
    longer piece. A summary includes only the most
    important details or main ideas.

How to summarize
  • 1. Pick out the main idea.
  • Ask yourself, What is this mostly about? What is
    the most important piece of information?
  • 2. Ignore supporting details.
  • These are anything that helps to describe the
    main idea or give additional information.
  • 3. Rewrite ONLY the main idea(s) in your own

Just focus on the 5 Ws and the H!
  • Who?
  • What?
  • Where?
  • When?
  • Why?
  • How?
  • To Summarize, answer these questions!

  • Mallory took a road trip around the state of
    Texas this summer with her family. They visited
    Houston, Austin, and Dallas. Her family wanted to
    see as many historical landmarks as possible.
    Near Houston, the toured the Old Spanish
    Cemetery, Fort Houston, and Sabine Pass. In the
    Austin area, they visited Austin College and the
    Mary Street Stone House. In the Dallas area, they
    went to the Flippen Homestead, the Alexander
    Mansion, and the Matthews-Atwood House.
  • I ask myself, What is this paragraph mostly
    about? What is the main idea?

  • Who? Mallory
  • What? Road trip
  • Where? Texas
  • When? Summer
  • Why? Historical Landmarks
  • How? N/A
  • Now, I can write my brief summary.
  • Mallory took a road trip to Texas this summer and
    visited many historical landmarks.

Guided Practice
  • I tied them silently together, twining cords of
    willow from the ogres bed then slung a man
    under each middle one to ride there safely,
    shielded let and right. So three sheep would
    convey each man. I took the woolliest ram, the
    choicest of the flock, and hung myself under his
    kinky belly, pulled up tight, with fingers
    twisted deep in sheepskin ringlets for an iron
    grip. So, breathing hard, we waited until

Guided Practice
  • What is the main point? What is happening?
  • Restate it in 1-2 sentences.
  • Odysseus hid himself and his men in between sheep
    to escape detection by the Cyclops.

Group Work
  • With your group, you will choose an article from
    a magazine and read it together.
  • You will then identify the 5 Ws and the H of the
  • Then you will write a 20-word summary of the
    article. ONLY 20 WORDS!!

  • What is paraphrasing?
  • Paraphrasing is taking a section of a text and
    restating it in your OWN words.

Paraphrase Practice
  • Paraphrase the old saying, Dont count your
    chickens before they hatch.
  • Dont just write Wait until the chickens have
    hatched before counting them.
  • Instead, examine the idea behind the phrase and
    restate it in more direct terms.
  • Never assume youll get something you want until
    you have it.

Paraphrase Practice
  • As we have all read it, lets paraphrase an
    excerpt from Romeo and Juliet.
  • Two households, both alike in dignity / In fair
    Verona, where we lay our scene, / From ancient
    grudge break to new mutiny/ Where civil blood
    makes civil hands unclean (Shakespeare 3).
  • In the beautiful city of Verona, where our story
    takes place, a long-standing hatred between two
    families erupts into new violence, and citizens
    stain their hands with the blood of fellow

Group Work
  • Your group will receive a sheet of paper with
    song lyrics.
  • As a group, you will paraphrase the song lyrics.
  • Get ready to perform!

Quick Review
  • What is summarizing?
  • How long should a summary be if we are looking at
    a short passage?
  • How is it different from a paraphrase?

summarizing guidelines