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Citizen Participation in a Democracy


Citizen Participation in a Democracy How can you make a difference in a democracy? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Citizen Participation in a Democracy

Citizen Participation in a Democracy
  • How can you make a difference in a democracy?

Lunch Counter Transparency
  • What interesting details do you see?
  • What actions do these people appear to be taking?
  • What problem or problems do you think these
    people are trying to address?
  • What do you think the results of their actions

What you should know
  1. What does it take to become a U.S. citizen?
  2. Define political culture
  3. How can ordinary people make a difference in a
    democratic society?
  4. What is civic duty? Social Capital?
  5. What are the four categories of civic engagement?

Citizen Participation then and now
  • Alexis de Tocqueville 1831
  • Robert D. Putnam 1990s
  • What a difference 150 years makes.

  • What is citizenship?
  • The definition was not always clear-cut
  • Constitution did not define citizenship in
    regards to how it would be determined.
    Assumptions assumed state citizens and U.S. born
    were national citizens. Dred Scott case proved
    this to be untrue.

Civil Rights
  • What do you remember from U.S. History and the
    Civil Rights movement?
  • 14th Ammendment
  • Plessy v. Ferguson
  • Brown v. Board of Education
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

Becoming a Citizen
  • There are two ways to become a U.S. citizen
  • First-born in the U.S.
  • Second is through naturalization

Naturalization Process
  • Must be 18 years old
  • Lawful and permanent resident of the U.S.
  • Completed application for naturalization
  • Interview with immigration official
  • Civics test
  • Citizenship ceremony where oath of allegiance is

Political Culture in the U.S.
  • Political Culture a societys framework of
    shared values, beliefs and attitudes concerning
    their politics and government
  • Political Culture can be expressed in a variety
    of ways
  • Americans share political values such as
    liberty, equality, democracy, individualism, free
    enterprise, justice, patriotism, optimism, and
    civic duty

Civic Duty
  • What is civic duty?
  • Belief that for democracy to flourish, citizens
    should vote and participate in civic and
    political affairs.
  • Most people think of voting, but it is much
    beyond that.
  • Civic duty helps us to ensure a civil society,
    the social capital of democracy

Social Capital
  • Social Capital is connections among individuals
    that are forged through their participation in
    voluntary associations
  • Can you think of an example of social capital
    that you take part in?
  • Building our social capital is a great way to do
    greatness in the world

Four Categories of Civic Engagement
  • 1. Electoral Specialists-people who mainly engage
    in the political process. People in this group
    vote, volunteer in political campaigns and try to
    persuade others to vote as well
  • 2. Civic Specialists-Focus on improving
    communities and helping others. They join local
    civic groups, support nonprofit organizations and
    take part in fundraising for worthy causes

Four Categories cont.
  • 3. Dual Activists-People who engage in both
    electoral and civic activities. They will pass
    out campaign leaflets one day and volunteer in a
    soup kitchen the next
  • 4. Disengaged-People not significantly involved
    in political life. They dont vote or pay
    attention to civic affairs

Where do you fall?
  • You will be partaking in a civic participation
    project over the rest of the semester.