The Maya and the Aztecs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Maya and the Aztecs

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The Maya and the Aztecs Mayas Society formed around 100B.C. Settled the Yucatan Peninsula and Central America Recorded history with hieroglyphics – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Maya and the Aztecs


1
The Maya and the Aztecs
  • Mayas
  • Society formed around 100B.C.
  • Settled the Yucatan Peninsula and Central America
  • Recorded history with hieroglyphics
  • Declined around A.D. 900

2
Maya and the Aztecs
  • Aztecs
  • Settled Mexico City around A.D.1325
  • Tenochtitlan was built on islands
  • Constructed chinampas or floating gardens for
    growing food
  • Warriors conquered neighbors, caused them to be
    hated
  • Practiced slavery
  • Declined in1500s

3
What did they have in common?
  • Create complex calendars
  • Formed highly developed civilizations
  • Large cities and strong religious beliefs

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8
The Conquistadors
  • Hernan Cortes and 500 Spanish explorers arrive in
    Mexico in 1518 to search for land and Aztec
    wealth
  • Cortes saw that the Aztecs were hated by other
    native groups
  • Aztec ruler Montezuma welcomes Cortes, believes
    he is a god

9
Conquistadors
  • Motivated by Aztec wealth, the conquistadors
    waged war, killing Montezuma and defeating the
    Aztecs
  • The Spaniards were victorious across central
    America building a vast empire
  • Mexico and parts of United States were under
    Spanish rule for 100s of years

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12
Mexican Independence
  • Class Structure
  • Peninsulares- born in Spain, held highest church
    and government offices
  • Criollos- people of Spanish background born in
    Mexico
  • Mestizos- people of mixed Spanish and native
    heritage
  • Native Americans and slaves

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14
Revolutionaries
  • Miguel Hidalgo
  • Catholic priest
  • Led an army of 100,000 men
  • Spanish resisted , defeated and executed Hidalgo
    in 1811

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16
Jose Morelos
  • Declared independence from Spain
  • Wanted social equality
  • Drafted a constitution
  • Spain refused to accept, Spanish troops defeat
    him in 1821, he is executed

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18
Augustin de Iturbide
  • Three guarantees
  • Mexico would be independent from Spain
  • Peninsulares and Criollos would be equals
  • Religion would be Roman Catholic
  • His army defeats Spain, made himself emperor

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Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
  • Rebelled against Iturbide
  • Forces him into exile
  • Makes Mexico a republic

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22
Mexican American War
  • 1830- Mexico passes a law blocking American
    settlement in Mexico
  • 1836- Texans rebel at the Alamo and the battle of
    San Jacinto
  • 1845- Texas joins the United States
  • 1846- U.S. declares war on Mexico
  • 1848- Mexico signs Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo

23
Mexican American War
  • 1853- The Gadsden Purchase adds land to U.S.
    border
  • 1858- Benito Juarez becomes president of Mexico,
    promotes equality

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26
Mexican Revolution
  • Juarez dies and so does equality
  • Porfirio Dias becomes dictator and favors the
    rich
  • Common people want land reform- break up large
    estates and give them to the poor
  • Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa lead the rebels
    and Mexican Civil War lasts from 1910-1920
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