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Comparatives and Superlatives

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The comparative sentence compares two things. The superlativesentence compares . three or more things. Comparatives and Superlatives. ... Superlatives. The is . – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Comparatives and Superlatives


1
Comparatives and Superlatives
Unit 3
2
Comparatives and Superlatives
  • We use adjectives to compare (????) different
    subjects.
  • The comparative form of an adjective or adverb
    compares two things.
  • The superlative form of an adjective or adverb
    compares three or more things.

3
Examples
  • large larger largest
  • The first apple is large.
  • The second apple is larger than the first apple.
  • The third apple is the largest of the apples.

Simple Sentence
Comparative Sentence (comparing 2 subjects)
Superlative Sentence (comparing all of the
subjects)
4
Rule 1
  • One syllable words with more than one vowel
  • OR ending with more than one consonant
  • Add -er OR -est

Word Comparative Superlative
tall taller tallest
kind kinder kindest
deep deeper deepest
 
5
Rule 2
One syllable words ending in e Add -r OR -st
Word Comparative Superlative

wide wider widest
fine finer finest
cute cuter cutest
 
6
Rule 3
  • One syllable words with one vowel and one
    consonant at the end
  • Double the consonant
  • Then add -er OR -est.

Word Comparative Superlative

sad sadder saddest
big bigger biggest
fat fatter fattest
 
7
Rule 4
  • Two syllable words ending in y, change the y to
    i,
  • Then add -er OR -est.

Word Comparative Superlative
happy happier happiest
jolly jollier jolliest
lazy lazier laziest
 
8
Rule 5
  • Two syllable words ending a vowel-sound
  • Add er / -r OR -st.
  • Adjectives ending in le, -ow, frequently take
    er and est.

Word Comparative Superlative
yellow yellower yellowest
gentle gentler gentlest
simple simpler simplest
 
9
Rule 6
  • Any words longer than two syllables
  • DO NOT add -er OR -st.
  • You must add more or most in front of the
    adjective.

Word Comparative Superlative
exciting more exciting most exciting
interesting more interesting most interesting
romantic more romantic most romantic
 
10
Irregular Adjectives
Word Comparative Superlative
bad worse worst
good better best
little less least
many more most
far further furthest
fun more fun most fun
11
Sentence Structure
  • Comparative Sentence
  • Subject 1 (be verb) comparative adjective
    THAN Subject 2

The cat
is
bigger
than
the mouse.
12
Sentence Structure
  • Superlative Sentence
  • Subject 1 (be verb) THE superlative
    adjective.

(noun)
The dogs
are
the
biggest
in the pet store.
animals
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