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Title: The%20Roaring%2020s%20and%20F.%20Scott%20Fitzgerald

The Roaring 20s and F. Scott Fitzgerald
Period of time after World War 1 -? idea of The
Roaring 20s started in the US ? spread to
  • In Europe, the time after the war was marked by
    a deep recession.
  • Unlike with WW2, after WWI the U.S. did little
    to try and rebuild Europe. It took an
    isolationist stance.
  • However, by the middle of the decade, economic
    development started to soar in Europe dubbed
    The Golden Twenties.

  • The spirit of the Roaring Twenties was marked by
    a feeling associated with a break with tradition.
    The idea of modernity spread rapidly. Modern---
    break w/ tradition
  • Everything seemed to be feasible through modern
    technology. Economic boom--- lots of money ?
    surge in technology
  • Ex cars, trains, radio, telephones, mass

  • For the first time there was such a thing as mass
    communication and it brought the idea of
    modernity to the American public.
  • Radio enabled mass marketing for the first
    timeits economic importance led to the mass
    culture that continues to dominate society.
  • The 20s have also been dubbed the golden age of

The economic boom of the 20s set the stage for
the Great Depression that would dominate the 30s.

During the 20s mass production developed which
allowed for cheaper prices of technology
products. This made the automobile affordable, as
well as movies and radios. By 1927, Henry Ford
had sold 15 million Model T cars.
20s--- The Jazz Age--- radios began
broadcasting jazz music, which became extremely
popular and was associated with all things
modern, sophisticated, and decadent.
Louis Armstrong one of the most notable jazz
musicians of the time. Known for improvisations
and endless variations on a single melody. Other
notable jazz musicians Ella Fitzgerald and Duke
Flappers as the role of women began to change
and more women entered the work force, there was
a style move towards androgyny. Corsets went out
of style, the bob became the preferred hair
style, and some women even taped their breasts to
make them look flatter. This style was dubbed
Flapper and was marked by women who wore short
dresses with a straight, loose silhouette.
18th Amendment
Enacted Prohibition through the Volstead Act- the
manufacture, sale, import, and export of alcohol
in the U.S. was prohibited. This amendment gave
rise to organized crime---mob as illegal
smuggling became big business for criminal
Became popular and numerous as the Prohibition
years progressed, and led to the rise of
gangsters such as Al Capone. Place to get
alcohol Speak the password to get
in Corruption- speakeasy operators would bribe
police tipped off operators
Lost Generation
Young people who came out of WWI very cynical and
disillusioned the term usually refers to
American literary notables that lived in Paris at
the time examples, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott
Fitzgerald, and Gertrude Stein.
Oct. 29, 1929 Stock Market crashed which
contributed to the start of the Great
Depression--- Black Tuesday
21st Amendment--- repealed the 18th
Amendment---up to the states to legalized
alcohol Feb. 20 1933
The American Dream originally about discovery
individualism, and the pursuit of happiness.
Implies successful and satisfying life, financial
security and material comforts.
Many authors criticized and satirized the
hypocrisy and greed they observed in Americas
empty pursuit of wealth and luxury. Thus, the
idea that the American dream had become corrupt
by the empty pursuit of wealth is a theme that
runs through many novels from this time period.
Nick Carraway -  The novels narrator, Nick is a
young man from Minnesota who, after being
educated at Yale and fighting in World War I,
goes to New York City to learn the bond business.
Honest, tolerant, and inclined to reserve
judgment, Nick often serves as a confidant for
those with troubling secrets. Daisys cousin.
Jay Gatsby -  The title character and protagonist
of the novel, Gatsby is a fabulously wealthy
young man living in a Gothic mansion in West Egg.
He is famous for the lavish parties he throws
every Saturday night, but no one knows where he
comes from, what he does, or how he made his
Daisy Buchanan -  Nicks cousin, and the woman
Gatsby loves. Married to Tom Buchanan.
Tom Buchanan -  Daisys immensely wealthy
husband, once a member of Nicks social club at
Yale. Powerfully built and hailing from a
socially solid old family, Tom is an arrogant,
hypocritical bully.
Jordan Baker -  Daisys friend, a woman with whom
Nick becomes romantically involved during the
course of the novel. A competitive golfer, Jordan
represents one of the new women of the
1920scynical, boyish, and self-centered.
Myrtle Wilson -  Toms lover, whose lifeless
husband George owns a run-down garage in the
valley of ashes. Myrtle herself possesses a
fierce vitality and desperately looks for a way
to improve her situation.
George Wilson -  Myrtles husband, the lifeless,
exhausted owner of a run-down auto shop at the
edge of the valley of ashes. George loves and
idealizes Myrtle, and is devastated by her affair
with Tom
Klipspringer -  The shallow freeloader who seems
almost to live at Gatsbys mansion, taking
advantage of his hosts money.
East Egg Old Money- where Tom and Daisy
live West Egg New Money- where Gatsby lives
Is anyone still writing? Setting for The Great
Gatsby The story takes place outside of New York
City- in what is known as Long Island or the
Hamptons. However, in the book, they are called
East and West Egg. East Egg People with old
money live there- in other words, money that has
been inherited through many generations. People
from old money do not show off their money. They
also have many hidden rules that go with their
class. Therefore, if you are not born into old
money, you cant fit in. West Egg where people
from new money live. New money means that youve
either earned it yourself or its only one
generation back. These people show off their
money- flashy behavior (think Russell Simmons
gold toilet). They want to fit in with old money,
but old money looks down on them.