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HUM105/Intercultural Communication

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HUM105/Intercultural Communication Race and Ethnicity Intersectionality & Spheres of Influence Social Structural Realm Representational Realm Realm of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HUM105/Intercultural Communication


1
HUM105/Intercultural Communication
  • Race and Ethnicity

2
Intersectionality Spheres of Influence
Realm of Social Interaction
Representational Realm
Social Structural Realm
3
Intersections of Race, Class, Gender, and
Sexuality
  • Representational Realm
  • The representational realm includes the symbols,
    language, and images that convey meanings in a
    sociocultural system.
  • Social Interactional Realm
  • Social interaction refers to the norms and
    behaviors observable in human relations in a
    sociocultural system.
  • Social Structural Realm
  • The social structural realm involves the
    institutional sites where power and resources are
    controlled and distributed in a sociocultural
    system.

4
Conceptualizing
  • Essentialism A perspective that argues that
    members of a segment of a population share
    essential biological and psychological
    characteristics. These characteristics are argued
    to be uniform and unalterable.
  • Constructionism A perspective that argues that
    differences and similarities among and between
    members of segments of a population are created
    through socio-econo-political processes of
    socialization (enculturation).

5
Conceptualizing
  • The Matrix of Domination To borrow Marilyn
    Fryes (1983) words, the Matrix of Domination
    refers to a network of forces and barriers which
    are systematically related and which conspire to
    the immobilization, reduction, and molding of
    the oppressed. In other words, in the U.S.A.
    stratified society Race, Gender, Sexuality,
    Worldview, and Class constitute the multifaceted,
    intertwined, and fluid system of oppression and
    domination. While some dimensions are more
    forceful than others, good analysis cannot be
    done with isolating and compartmentalizing these
    dimensions.

6
Conceptualizing
  • The Categorization Process (The Creation of the
    Other)
  • 1) Naming (Defining) -Imposing -Asserting -Rec
    laiming
  • 2) Aggregating/Disaggregating -Lumping and
    dissecting
  • 3) Dichotomizing (polarizing) -Creating master
    and subordinate categories in the form of
    _________None-______
  • 4) Stigmatizing (dehumanizing, objectifying) -Thr
    ough the use of stereotypes in different venues

7
Conceptualizing
  • The Matrix of Domination
  • -Racism -Sexism - Cissexism -Hetrosexism
    -Ageism -Classism -Other isms?

o
8
Conceptualizing Race
  • Biological Race A product of the Speciation
    process where members of a segment of a
    population no longer interbreeds with members of
    the other segment of the population (no gene
    flow) for a long period of time. The result would
    be biological races (species, subspecies) that
    are characterized by distinctive gene frequencies
    and can no longer interbreed. Contemporary humans
    are members of one species homo sapiens sapiens.

9
Conceptualizing Race
  • Social Race A product of the Categorization
    process (The Creation of the Other) where members
    of a segment of the population are perceived, or
    claim, to share essential biological and
    psychological characteristics that are distinct
    from members of other segments of the population,
    hence labeled accordingly. Social Race is a
    constructed socio-econo-political system.

10
Conceptualizing Ethnicity
  • Ethnicity A product of the Categorization
    process (The Creation of the Other) where members
    of a segment of the population are perceived, or
    claim, to share common ancestry, distinctive
    linguistic, religious, and/or other cultural
    practices that are distinct from members of other
    segments of the population, hence labeled
    accordingly. Ethnicity is a constructed
    socio-econo-political system.

11
Conceptualizing Whiteness
  • Whiteness In the context of the social
    construction of Race, Whiteness refers to the
    unearned, yet enjoyed, accumulated differential
    advantages at someone elses expense. When
    confronted, one may take responsibility, or one
    may invoke guilt, shame, fear, helplessness,
    denial, .

12
Ethnocentrism ? Prejudice? Discrimination?

Genocide/Culturecide
  • Ethnocentrism (Mental)
  • The naturalness of ones own group in terms of
    values, beliefs, and behavior vis-à-vis other
    groups
  • Prejudice (Expressive)
  • The use of verbal/written stereotypes in
    articulating ethnocentrism
  • Discrimination (Behavioral)
  • The implementation of Prejudice in terms of
    accumulated advantages and disadvantages. This is
    done at both the individual and institutional
    levels. It is also done overtly and covertly.
  • Racism, Sexism, Classism, Heterosexism, Ageism
  • At the individual level, anyone, regardless of
    the group, can discriminate (i.e be a racist,
    sexist, etc.). At the institutional level,
    however, the dominant group, regardless of
    individuals intentions, is the only one that is
    capable of racism, sexism, etc.
  • Genocide/Culturecide (Behavioral)
  • The physical/cultural elimination of a
    group of people.

13
Racism
  • Discrimination against individuals and/or groups
    based on the socially constructed category of
    Race.This is done at both the individual and
    institutional levels. It is also done overtly and
    covertly.
  • At the individual level, anyone, regardless of
    the group, can discriminate (i.e. be a racist).
    At the institutional level, however, the dominant
    group, regardless of individuals intentions, is
    the only one that is capable of racism.
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