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Ancient Greece Athens and Sparta


Ancient Greece Athens and Sparta The City of Athens Athens was the largest city in Greece. There were about 40,000 men and 40,000 slaves. Athens controlled the land ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Greece Athens and Sparta

Ancient Greece Athens and Sparta
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The City of Athens
  • Athens was the largest city in Greece.
  • There were about 40,000 men and 40,000 slaves.
  • Athens controlled the land around it, a large
    region called Attika.
  • Between the many mountains were fertile valleys,
    where farmers grew olives, grain, fruit and
  • There were also deposits of silver, lead and

The City of Sparta
  • Sparta was smaller than Athens.
  • There were about 8,000 Spartans men who ruled
    over a population of 100,000 slaves.

Athenian Rule
  • In 510 BC a new way of government was invented in
  • It was called a 'democracy', which means 'ruled
    by the people'.
  • Any man with full citizen rights could go to the
    assembly, where they could speak and vote freely.
  • Public debates like this decided how the city was

The Spartan Rule
  • Usually called as an "oligarchy" which means
    ruled by a few.
  • But it was a mixture of
  • Monarchy which means ruled by kings.
  • Democracy which means ruled by the people.
  • Aristocracy which means ruled by the upper class
    or land owning class.

Women in Athens
  • Women did not have citizen rights.
  • They could only go out to weddings, funerals,
    religious festivals and to visit female friends.
  • In wealthy families girls were educated to run
    the household of servants and slaves, and were
    usually married by the age of 13.
  • In poorer families women worked alongside men,
    farming in the fields or running the family

Women in Sparta
  • Women were allowed more freedom in Sparta because
    most of their husbands were soldiers living away
    from home.
  • They were allowed to leave the house and go

The Lives of Slaves
  • There were slaves in both Athens and Sparta.
  • These were men and women captured in wars or born
    into slavery.
  • Many slaves had special skills, such as nurses
    and teachers, while others had the hardest and
    most unpleasant work to do.
  • It was common for a rich household to have many
  • Some slaves were owned by the state and were used
    as a kind of police force

Education in Athens
  • Until age 6 or 7, boys were taught at home by
    their mother or by a male slave.
  • They boys learnt the poetry of Homer and how to
    play the lyre.
  • Their teacher, who was always a man, could choose
    what other subjects he wanted to teach.
  • He might choose to teach drama, public speaking,
    government, art, reading, writing, maths and the
  • Books were expensive and rare, so lessons were
    read out-loud, and the boys had to memorize

  • They were taught to read and write the Greek
  • They didnt have books to write in. Instead, they
    use a wax tablet, and wrote on this with a metal
    'pen'. The pen had a sharp end and a rounded end.
  • They wrote with the sharp end, and then rubbed
    out the work with the rounded end.

  • At 14 boys attended a higher school for four more
  • When they turned 18, they entered military school
    for two additional years.
  • At age 20, they graduated.
  • Girls were not educated at school, but many
    learned to read and write at home.

Education in Sparta
  • In Sparta, education was to produce an army.
  • Spartan boys were sent to military school at age
    6 or 7.
  • They lived, trained and slept in the barracks of
    their brotherhood.
  • At school, they were taught survival skills and
    other skills necessary to be a great soldier.

  • School was very hard and often painful. The boys
    were taught to read and write but those skills
    were not seen as important. Only warfare
  • The boys were not fed well, and were told that it
    was fine to steal food as long as they did not
    get caught stealing. If they were caught, they
    were beaten.
  • They boys marched without shoes to make them

  • Somewhere between the age of 18-20, Spartan males
    had to pass a difficult test of fitness, military
    ability, and leadership skills.
  • If they passed, they became a full citizen and a
    Spartan soldier.
  • Spartan citizens were not allowed to touch money.
    That was the job of the middle class.

  • Even if they were married, they did not live with
    their wives and families. They lived in the
  • Military service did not end until a Spartan male
    reached the age of 60.
  • Only then could a Spartan soldier retire and live
    in their home with their family.

  • In Sparta, girls also went to school at age 6 or
  • They lived, slept and trained in their
    sisterhood's barracks.
  • The girls were taught wrestling, gymnastics and
    combat skills.
  • The Spartans believed that strong young women
    would produce strong babies.
  • At age 18, if a Sparta girl passed her skills and
    fitness test, a husband would be chosen for her
    and she was allowed to return home.

What was it like to be a Spartan?
  • Taken away from your parents at age 7, you lived
    a harsh and often brutal life in the soldiers
  • You were beaten by older children who started
    fights to help make you tough and strong.
  • You were often were whipped in front of groups of
    other Spartans, including your parents, but never
    cried out in pain.
  • You were given very little food, but encouraged
    to steal food, instead. If caught stealing, you
    were beaten.
  • To avoid severe pain, you learned to be cunning,
    to lie, to cheat, to steal, and how to get away
    with it!

Spartan Goals And Behavior At The Olympics
  • Win at all costs.
  • Lie, cheat, do whatever it takes.
  • If you can't win, at least beat those citizens of
  • You are the proud and fierce Spartans!
  • March in step whenever possible. Plot secretly
    with other Greek city-states to sabotage any
    Athenian chance at victory.
  • Cheer only for your fellow Spartans at each
  • Good luck at the games!

What it was like to be an Athenian!
  • Be polite.
  • You have had a good education.
  • Until age 6 or 7, you were taught at home by your
    mother, or by a male slave.
  • From age 7-14, you attended a day school in the
    neighborhood where you memorized poetry and
    learned to play the lyre.
  • You learned drama, public speaking, reading,
    writing, maths, and perhaps even how to play the
  • You attended four years of higher school, and
    learned more about maths and science and
  • At 18, you attended military school for two
    additional years!
  • You are proud to be an Athenian!

Athenian Goals And Behavior At The Olympics
  • You know those Spartans, will do anything to win,
    even lie and cheat.
  • But you are Athenians - you would never behave
    like that.
  • Cooperate with your fellow Athenians to defeat
    those brutish Spartans, and do your personal
  • Be polite to all Greeks, no matter what city they
  • You are Athenians clever, creative and polite
  • Good luck in the games!