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Athens: A City State

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Athens: A City State Location, Government, & Daily Life Location Athens is located on Attica. Government 509 B.C. Cleisthenes instituted 1st constitution. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Athens: A City State


1
Athens A City State
  • Location, Government, Daily Life

2
Location
  • Athens is located on Attica.

3
Government
  • 509 B.C. Cleisthenes instituted 1st constitution.
  • It was democratic Demos (people) kratos
    (rule).

4
Legislative Branch
  • Council
  • Solons first council was 400.
  • Later changed to 500 citizens (serve only twice)
  • Chosen by lot (50 ppl from 10 tribes)
  • Each tribal group took turns ruling
  • Drew up new laws/policies

5
Legislative Continues
  • Assembly
  • Made of citizens (18 yrs, male, Athens)
  • Meet approx. every 10 days
  • At least 6,000 must be present
  • Vote to approve, change, or reject proposals from
    council

6
Executive Branch
  • Strategos
  • 10 elected annually
  • Army commanders
  • Implement the policies of
  • the Council and Assembly

7
Judicial Branch
  • Jurors (citizens 20 yrs)
  • A jury hundreds of men
  • No lawyers or judges
  • Citizens presented own case
  • Hired professional speechwriters

Ballot disks used for voting
8
Citizenship in Athens
  • To be a citizen you must be male, 18, and have
    been born in Athens
  • Citizens only made up about 15 of the
    population.
  • The rest of the Athenian population was made up
    of slaves( 25), women children (48), and
    metics/ foreigners (12).

9
Daily Life
  • Education
  • Boys Began 7 yrs. Old
  • Reading, writing, math, music, poetry, art
  • Some girls had private tutors

10
School of Athens
Euclid, Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
11
(No Transcript)
12
Daily Life Continues
  • Military
  • Boys ages 18 - 20 trained
  • Between 20 50 years are called during war
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