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Title: Exam Review:


1
Exam Review
  • Anglo Saxon Middle Ages

2
England Early Times
  • From Englands Prehistoric Past, name the well
    known, ancient, mystical stone circle found near
    Salisbury.
  • Stonehenge
  • Which culture inhabits Britain from about 2,000
    till the coming of the Romans?
  • The Celts

3
  • Name the Celtic Tribes in the British Isles,
    first those in Ireland
  • Gaels
  • Two Celtic Tribes of Scotland
  • Scots and Picts
  • Which Celts are the inhabitants of what today is
    England?
  • Bretons

4
Celts todayGaelsPictsScotsWelshBretons
5
  • Language spoken by the Celts?
  • Celtic, of course
  • First Westerner to visit the Celtic Bretons
    in 55 BC. He leads his army from Gaul.
  • Julius Caesar
  • Who conquers the Celts in 44 AD and will occupy
    the Island for a 4 centuries?
  • Romans

6
Roman Occupation of Britain
  • How long will the Romans stay in Britain?
  • 400 years.
  • What advantages does Rome provide?
  • Protection, a money economy, great trade with its
    entire empire, engineering skills, political
    advances, and many others.

7
Roman Occupation of Britain 44 ADthrough 449
AD
8
  • What Roman Emperor walls off the Northern Celts?
  • Hadrian
  • What language do the Romans speak?
  • Latin
  • Why do the Romans desert Britain?
  • Rome itself is threatened

9
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10
Anglo Saxon England
  • When do the first Germanic tribes come to the
    British Isles?
  • 449 AD
  • Name the 3 Germanic tribes who come to England?
  • Angles, Saxons, and Jutes
  • A silly Question, but what language do these
    Germanic tribes speak?
  • Germanic, but an older versionin England, this
    German becomes known as Old English.

11
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12
  • Where do most of the Celts migrate to avoid the
    advancing Anglo-Saxons?
  • Wales and Cornwall in England, Brittany in
    France.
  • Name the Christian Celtic leader who attempts to
    fight off the pagan Germans.
  • Arthur
  • Kiera Knightly as Guinevere,
  • in this version a Pict.

13
  • Name for the wandering storyteller of the
    Anglo-Saxon folk.
  • Scopsometime called a gleeman, bard, or minstrel
  • What was the favored alcoholic beverage of the
    Anglo-Saxons?
  • Mead
  • Where would you expect to hear a singing scop?
  • The Mead Hall

14
Mead Hall
15
  • True is the tale I tell of my Travels shows
    what poetic device?
  • Alliteration
  • This line opens a famous fragment of the oldest
    poem composed in England...name it.
  • The Seafarer
  • Besides Alliteration, name another common
    characteristic of AS style Poetry.
  • Meter, with 4 heavy beats per line.
  • Trivia That Pause between 2 and 3?
  • Caesura

16
  • Most famous work of AS Literature?
  • Beowulf
  • Genre of Beowulf?
  • Epic
  • Beowulf, a Prince of the Geats goes to the aid of
    this Danish King?
  • Hrothgar

17
Beowulf
18
  • Who is terrorizing King Hrothgar?
  • The monster, Grendel.
  • Can you name Hrothgars Mead Hall?
  • Heorot
  • In the next episode of Beowulf, after ripping off
    Grendels arm, who does Beowulf fight?
  • Grendels Hag of a Mother.

19
  • As an old King, who is Beowulfs last battle
    against?
  • A dragon
  • Name the brilliant monk who wrote the Church
    History of Briton.
  • Bede
  • What descriptive term is almost always used as an
    epithet to Bede?
  • Venerable

20
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21
  • Bede, as an orphaned youth up in Northumbria
    would have spoken what language?
  • Old English/ Germanic
  • As a monk, Bede composed his works in what
    language?
  • Latin
  • Including his Latin and Old English, how many
    language did Bede master?
  • At least 5.

22
  • Name the region of England that Vikings control
    from in the 9th century.
  • The Danelaw
  • Name the AS King who repels the Viking invaders?
  • Alfred, the Great
  • What work of literature/history is attributed to
    King Alfred the Great and his scholars?
  • The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles

23
Danelaw Alfred the Great
24
1066
  • Who takes a vow of chastity and does not produce
    an heir for his throne?
  • Edward the Confessor
  • Who is the Saxon who takes the throne upon the
    death of Edward?
  • Harold ( know his last name?)
  • Godwinson
  • Who fights Harold for the throne?
  • William the Conqueror

25
  • Where does the Battle take place in 1066 in which
    William defeats Harold?
  • Hastings
  • What is Harolds death wound?
  • An arrow through the eye
  • What cultural group fights for William?
  • Normans
  • What language do the Normans speak?
  • French

26
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27
ENOUGH!
  • Scholars of the Anglo-Saxon Period, you should
    stop here.
  • Beyond this is Medieval Literature to be covered
    after the New Year dawns.
  • If you wish, re-do up to this point.

28
The Middle Ages in England.
  • What two languages will blend between 1066 and
    1400 to bring us a recognizable Middle English?
  • Old English (German) French
  • Name the genre/form of literature where short
    rhyming poems are put to music. They tell
    stories.
  • Ballad

29
  • In a popular ballad Who follows the Kings
    orders and drowns at sea.
  • Sir Patrick Spens
  • In a popular ballad she rejects Sir John Graham
    who dies of a broken heart. She too then dies.
  • Bonnie Barbara Allen

30
  • Who has to get up and bar the door?
  • The Goodman
  • How many ghostly visitors come to the Wife at
    Ushers Well?
  • Three
  • Name the popular pilgrimage site in Southeastern
    England.
  • Canterbury

31
  • Who was martyred at Canterbury in 1174 by Henrys
    knights?
  • Thomas ABeckett
  • Who is the author of The Canterbury Tales, in
    which pilgrims tell tales?
  • Geoffrey Chaucer
  • What language does Chaucer use?
  • Middle English

32
  • Who pens Le Morte DArthur?
  • Sir Thomas Mallory
  • Name someone defeated in battle by The Knight of
    the Fountain.
  • Grifflet, Arthur.
  • Who tells Arthur the scabbard is more valuable
    than the sword Excalibur?
  • Merlin

33
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34
  • First printer in England.
  • William Caxton

35
  • Holy Wars against Muslims.
  • Crusades
  • Long, long war between England and France?
  • 100 Years War.

36
  • English king who is victorious at Agincourt in
    the 100 years war.
  • Henry V
  • French girl who was a heroine in the 100 years
    war.
  • Joan of Arc
  • Another name for the 30 years civil war 1455-1485
    which ends at Bosworth Field.
  • War of the Roses

37
The End
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