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The Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Periods 449-1485 A.D. This Lesson Will Teach you about: Impact of Christianity Feudalism Sociology of Medieval Europe – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The%20Anglo-Saxon%20and%20Medieval%20Periods%20449-1485%20A.D.

The Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Periods449-1485 A.D.
  • This Lesson Will Teach you about
  • Impact of Christianity
  • Feudalism
  • Sociology of Medieval Europe
  • The Hundred Years War

The Anglo-Saxon Period449-1066
  • Britannia (Great Britain) had been abandoned by
    the Roman Empirethe Roman Army fled to protect
    the city of Rome from invasion during the early
    part of the 5th century.

The Anglo-Saxon Period449-1066
  • Without protection, the islands were invaded by
    Germanic peoples beginning in the 5th century
  • Primary Tribes
  • Angles
  • Saxons

The Anglo-Saxon Period449-1066
  • The Britons were led by a Christian commander
    named Arthur. Unfortunately, they were unable to
    protect Britannia
  • German tribes took over southern central parts
    Brittania forcing the native people (Celtics) to
    the north and west.
  • Celtic culture pagan religions all but

Interesting Fact The Celtics reemerged in
Boston, Massachusetts (USA) in 1946
The Anglo-Saxon Period449-1066
  • Because the Angles Tribe was the predominant
    tribe in southern Britannia at the time, the new
    settlement became known as Angle-land, or
    England (modern pronunciation).
  • Although the Angles were the dominant tribe,
    scholars still refer to this period as the
    Anglo-Saxon Period.

Lives of the Anglo-Saxons Changed Over Time
  • In the beginning
  • Seafaring people
  • Short
  • Bleak
  • Violent
  • Pagan Religion
  • After Christianity
  • Strong belief in the Wyrd (fate)
  • Admired warriors whose wyrd was to prevail in
  • Less violent
  • More secure
  • More civilized
  • agriculturalists

Growth of Christianity
  • Anglo-Saxons began adopting Christianity during
    late 6th century.
  • Gaels (native tribe) spread Christianity to
  • Augustine establishes first monastery at
    Canterbury in 597A.D.
  • Within the next century, most people became

Final Invasion of England
  • Dispute as to who would succeed the throne in
  • William, Duke of Normandy, attacks Harold in the
    Battle of Hastings on Christmas day 1066 A.D.
  • William takes over throne and is renamed William
    the Conqueror.
  • Medieval Period begins.

The Medieval Period 1066-1485
  • Introduction of the Normans (French north men)
    to the region brought about a lot of change.
  • Brought over French practices.
  • Ushers in new regimebeginning of the Medieval

Feudal System of Medieval Period
  • Definitiona political and economic system in
    which the hierarchy was based on the king owning
    all the land in the kingdom and subdividing it.
  • 25--The King lived on and owned (castles)
  • 25--Dedicated to the Church (cathedrals)
  • 50--Gets further subdivided to loyal
    noblesmostly Norman barons (manors).
  • Normans supplied king with warriors on horseback
    called knechts ltOld Eng servantgt

Feudal System Hierarchy
  • Kingowned all the land in the kingdom
  • Nobles/Baronsrented subdivided land by
    providing knights and allegiance to the king.
  • Knightswarriors for protection allegiance to
    the Nobles and Barons.
  • Serfsthe Anglo-Saxons that were conquered by
    the Normans
  • became peasants bound to the land the
    could not own.

Creation of new Judicial System
  • Henry II takes over and enacts new system
  • Royal Courts throughout the country
  • System of Juries
  • Formation of English Common Law
  • based on old practices, tradition, and values.
  • Discussion Question
  • Why is the idea of a judicial system such a
    revolutionary concept compared to the feudal
  • Compare Henrys system of government to modern
    democracies. What are some similarities?

  • Wife of Henry II introduced ideals of chivalry
    she brought with her from France when she took
    over as Queen of England.
  • Chivalrycode of honor intended to govern
    knightly behavior.
  • Honor and protection of women, children, and most
    importantly CHRISTIANITY!
  • Go on Holy Quests (Crusades) in order to spread
    and maintain Christian principles and teachings.

  • Richard I (Richard the Lion-Hearted) spent much
    of 10-year reign fighting Crusades in France to
    protect Christianity.
  • Brother John ruled during his absence and was
    dubbed a tyrant
  • Subject of Robin Hood stories
  • Treasury had become bankrupt from wars.
  • Magna Carta signed in 1215 giving more power to
  • Step toward modern democracy.

End of Feudalism
  • Signing of Magna Carta in 1215 A.D. brought about
    socioeconomic change.
  • Commoners power increased as trade increased with
    Western Europe and Asia.
  • Merchants Craftspeople formed Guilds.
  • Set up rules for trading/economy
  • Moderated prices in the market
  • Wealth shifted from land owner-
  • ship to mercantilism and trade.
  • Universities blossomed (Oxford)

The Hundred Years War 1337-1453
  • On-and-Off War Between England France.
  • The PlagueBlack Death killed 30-40 of
    Englands population
  • Domestic War of the Roses to seat new King.
  • Red Rose wins out and seats as Henry VII.
  • Seating of new King ends Middle Ages (Medieval
    Period) in England.