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Chapter 1 Section 4 The Reformation Continues

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Setting the Stage The Anglican Church remained similar to the Catholic Church in some practices & ceremonies Martin Luther launched the Reformation in northern ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 1 Section 4 The Reformation Continues


1
Chapter 1 Section 4The Reformation Continues
  • Objective Compare further changes in
    Protestantism the Catholic Reformation
  • Vocabulary Predestination, Calvinism, Theocracy,
    Presbyterian, Anabaptist, Catholic Reformation,
    Jesuits, Council of Trent

2
Setting the Stage
  • The Anglican Church remained similar to the
    Catholic Church in some practices ceremonies
  • Martin Luther launched the Reformation in
    northern Germany, but reformers were at work in
    other countries
  • John Calvin, a French follower of Luther,
    promoted a unique idea about the relationship
    between people God

3
Calvin Continues the Reformation
  • Religious reform in Switzerland was begun by
    Huldrych Zwingli, a Catholic priest
  • Zwingli openly attacked abuses in the Catholic
    Church
  • 1531, a bitter war between Swiss Protestants
    Catholics broke out Swingli died during the war
  • At the same time, John Calvin, a law student in
    France began to clarify his religious beliefs
  • John Calvin grew up to have a huge influence on
    the spread of Protestantism

4
Calvin Formalizes Protestant Ideas
  • In 1536, Calvin published Institutions of
    Christian Religion which expressed ideas about
    God, salvation, human nature
  • Calvin believed that people were sinful by nature
    God chooses very few people to save, the
    elect
  • Calvin believed in predestination (doctrine that
    God has decided all things beforehand, including
    which people will be eternally saved)
  • The religion based on Calvins teachings is
    called Calvinism

5
Calvin Leads the Reformation in Switzerland
  • Calvin believed that the ideal government was a
    theocracy (government controlled by religious
    leaders)
  • 1541, Protestants in Geneva Switzerland asked
    Calvin to lead their city
  • Calvin his followers ran the city according to
    strict rules
  • However, people viewed the city as a model city
    of highly moral citizens

6
Calvinism Spreads
  • John Knox was inspired by Calvin returned to
    Scotland to put his ideas to work
  • Followers of Knox became known as Presbyterians
  • Protestants made Calvinism the official religion
    in Scotland
  • Scotland overthrew their Catholic Queen Mary for
    her infant son James
  • Swiss, Dutch, French reformers adopted the
    Calvinist form of church organization

7
Other Protestant Reformers
  • New Protestant groups formed over differences in
    beliefs
  • Anabaptists believed people should be baptized
    only if they were old enough to decide to be
    Christian
  • They believed church state should be separate
  • Anabaptists influenced the Amish, Quakers,
    Baptists
  • Many women played a role in the Reformation

8
The Catholic Reformation
  • Catholic Reformation was a movement where the
    Catholic Church sought to make changes
  • Ignatius wrote the Spiritual Exercises that
    laid out a daily plan of meditation, prayer,
    study
  • 1540, the pope create a religious order of
    Ignatiuss followers called the Jesuits
  • They founded schools throughout Europe, sent out
    missionaries, tried to stop the spread of
    Protestantism

9
Reforming Popes
  • Pope Paul III started to reform the Catholic
    Church, by investigating abuses calling an
    Inquisition
  • 1545-1563 the Council of Trent, agreed on several
    new doctrines in the Catholic Church
  • Pope Paul IV carried out the councils decrees
  • He also created a list of book considered to be
    dangerous to the church had them burned

10
Legacy of the Reformation
  • The Reformation had religious, social,
    political effects
  • However, it ended the Christian unity of Europe
    left it culturally divided
  • Protestant churches flourished the Catholic
    Church became more unified
  • Both emphasized the role of education built
    colleges/universities throughout Europe
  • As the Catholic Churchs moral political
    authority declined, individuals rulers gained
    power
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