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The Ancient Greeks

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The Ancient Greeks Chapter 9.1 The Rise of the Greek Civilization ... Greek Empire What civilizations that we have covered, were included in the Greek Empire? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Ancient Greeks


1
The Ancient Greeks
  • Chapter 9.1
  • The Rise of the Greek Civilization

2
Ancient Greece
9.4
G R E E C E
Gods oddesses
Thinke s
Myths, pics, fables
D mocracy
ity-states
Archit cture
3
Where in the World is Greece?
4
(No Transcript)
5
Ancient Greece
6
  • What type of topography did Ancient Greece have?
  • What type of jobs did they have?

7
  • What type of foods do you think they ate?
  • What type of crops did they grow?
  • What type of animals did they domesticate?
  • What type of climate did the ancient Greeks
    enjoy?

8
Greek Empire
  • What civilizations that we have covered, were
    included in the Greek Empire?

9
Greece Today
10
Mountains and Seas
  • Greece was the first civilization to develop in
    Europe and the western part of Asia.
  • Greeks settled in an area dominated by mountains
    and seas

11
Balkan Peninsula
  • Greece is located on the Balkan Peninsula

12
Greece is located in the Mediterranean and Aegean
Seas
  • Aegean Sea

13
Mediterranean Sea
14
Islands of the Aegean Sea
15
An Island Civilization
  • Greek myths describe an early civilization on an
    island called Crete
  • Civilization was called the Minoans

16
Minoans- 2500BC to 1450 BC
  • Built palace at Knossos
  • 1st to develop in Aegean region
  • NOT GREEKS
  • Trade was important economic activity

17
Minoan
  • Minoan civilization collapsed
  • Reasons
  • Earthquakes
  • Invaded by Mycenaeans

18
Mycenaeans
  • Mycenaeans moved into mainland Greece

19
Mycenaean Kingdom
  • Mycenean king lived in a palace on a hill
  • Protected by walls

20
Traders and Warriors
  • Mycenaeans conquered Minoans
  • Controlled trade in Aegean
  • Mycenaeans were proud of military successes in
    Trojan War

21
A Dark Age
  • Mycenaean kingdoms fought
  • Earthquakes destroyed their fortresses
  • Mycenaean civilization crumbled

22
The Hellenes
  • Hellenes or Greeks
  • Lived on Greek mainland
  • Adopted an alphabet from Phoenician traders

23
Colonies and Trade
  • Greeks established colonies
  • A colony is a settlement in a new territory that
    has close ties to its homeland

24
The Greek City-State
  • City-state was made up of a town or city and the
    surrounding area
  • Each city-state or polis was like an independent
    country

25
What Did a Polis Look Like?
  • Fort on hilltop
  • The hilltop was called an acropolis
  • Agora or marketplace

26
What Did Citizenship Mean to the Greeks?
  • Male citizens had the right to vote, hold office,
    own property, and defend themselves in court
  • Only free, land-owning men born in the polis
    could be citizens

27
Citizen Soldiers
  • Wars were fought by wealthy nobles riding horses
    and driving chariots
  • Citizens called hoplites made up city-state
    armies

28
Hoplites
  • Fought on foot
  • Heavily armed
  • Carried a round shield, sword, and spear
  • Fought in a formation called a phalanx
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