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Rock%20Roots%204:

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Rock Roots 4: Gospel, Tin Pan Alley, and the Latin tinge Gospel Combination of blues + spirituals + European hymns Emerges as separate genre (category of music ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Rock%20Roots%204:


1
Rock Roots 4
  • Gospel, Tin Pan Alley, and the Latin tinge

2
Gospel
  • Combination of blues spirituals European
    hymns
  • Emerges as separate genre (category of music) c.
    1930
  • First songs in genre by Thomas A. Dorsey, aka
    Georgia Tom (Its Tight Like That)

3
Gospel Quartets
  • Gospel songs often performed by small ensembles
  • Quartets developed unique sound
  • a capella (unaccompanied) singing
  • one person sings melody
  • others accompany by
  • imitating instruments
  • vocalizing with ooohs, shoo-bops, or other sounds

4
Golden Gate Jubilee Quartet - Golden Gate Gospel
Train
  • backing vocalists imitate train - vocal
    percussion
  • swinging, eight-beat feel
  • riff-based accompaniment
  • highly syncopated
  • call and response between lead and backing vocals

5
Soul Stirrers, Jesus Ill Never Forget
  • More pop music influence
  • Rhythmic freedom of vocal line
  • Flourishes melismas more than one note per
    syllable of text
  • Signature of gospel style
  • Instrumental accompaniment - voice and piano
  • Clear blues influence

6
Mahalia Jackson
  • Vocal style clearly influenced by blues
  • Blue notes, pentatonic (five-note) scale, and
    Western harmonies
  • Accompanying instruments
  • electric keyboard
  • Hammond organ - typical gospel sound
  • Ex. Move On Up A Little Higher

7
Folk Music
  • Old-time, mountain music doesnt catch on
    commercially in same way
  • Re-emerges as folk music
  • Begins early 1930s

8
Rise of folk music due to
  • Public works project in Depression
  • John Lomax and son Alan record African-Amercian
    folk songs in south
  • Union building activities, labor rallies in NYC
    provide audience

9
Woody Guthrie
  • Combined country music, old-time music, pop
    songs, cowboy songs into new musical style
  • Topical lyrics in pop music framework
  • Plain singing style

10
Tin Pan Alley
  • New York center of music publishing business
    (near 28th St.) beginning c. 1880s
  • Professional songwriters employed in factories
    to turn out songs

11
Tin Pan Alley
  • Initially songs in the mold of Stephen Foster
    hits (Old Folks at Home, Camptown Races)
  • Incorporated whatever styles rose to popularity -
    vaudeville, Broadway reviews, jazz, ragtime,
    blues, etc.

12
Popular Song to 1950
  • gently flowing, conversational melodies
  • melody accompaniment
  • lightly syncopated, jazz/blues inflected singing
    or playing
  • conversational lyrics
  • influence of dance rhythms

13
The Latin Tinge
  • Jazz, later rock, contain hints of Latin American
    music
  • Themselves fusions of European music, African
    music, native musics of Central and South
    American countries
  • Main types rumba and mambo

14
Rumba
  • Dance popularized in 1930s
  • Introduced by Cuban bandleader Don Azpiazú
  • Injected into American musical mix
  • Afro-Cuban percussion conga drums, bongos,
    maracas, claves
  • Clave rhythm

15
Clave rhythm
  • Pattern of accents that are contrary to beat
  • Analogous to backbeat in African-American
    influenced music
  • 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
  • C C C C C
  • Ex. El Manisero
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